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Contemporary Conflict Resolution, 3rd Edition

ISBN: 978-0-7456-4974-0
480 pages
April 2011, Polity
Contemporary Conflict Resolution, 3rd Edition (0745649742) cover image
Since the end of the Cold War, conflict prevention and resolution, peacekeeping and peacebuilding have risen to the top of the international agenda. The third edition of this hugely popular text explains the key concepts, charts the development of the field, evaluates successes and failures, and assesses the main current challenges and debates in the second decade of the twenty-first century. Existing material has been thoroughly updated and four new chapters added, on environmental conflict resolution, conflict resolution in the arts and popular culture, conflict resolution in the media and the communications revolution, and theories and critiques of the field. The authors argue that a new form of cosmopolitan conflict resolution is emerging, which offers a hopeful means for human societies to handle their conflicts non-violently and eventually to transcend and celebrate their differences.

Part I offers a comprehensive survey of the theory and practice of conflict resolution. Part II sets the field within the context of rapid global change and addresses the controversies that have surrounded conflict resolution as it has entered the mainstream. Contemporary Conflict Resolution is essential reading for students of peace and security studies, conflict management and international politics, as well as for those working in non-governmental organizations and think-tanks.
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List of Figures
List of Tables
List of Boxes
List of Maps
Preface
Acknowledgements
List of Abbreviations

 

PART I CONTEMPORARY CONFLICT RESOLUTION

1 Introduction to Conflict Resolution: Concepts and Definitions
Why a Third Edition?
Conflict Resolution Models
Framework Models
Classical Ideas
New Developments in Confict Resolution
Terminology
Structure of the Book
Recommended reading

2 Conflict Resolution: Origins, Foundations and Development of the Field
Precursors: The First Generation, 1918-1945
Foundations: The Second Generation, 1945-1965
Consolidation: The Third Generation, 1965-1985
Reconstruction: The Fourth Generation, 1985-2005
Recommended reading

3 Statistics of Deadly Quarrels and the Measurement of Peace
The Conflict Domain
Measuring Peace and Peacefulness
Conflicts Trends
Conflict Distribution
Conflict Types
Terrorism and Conflict
Conflict Costs
Conflict Mapping and Conflict Tracking
Recommended Reading

4 Understanding Contemporary Conflict
Theories and Frameworks
The Context for an Evaluation of Conflict Resolution Theory
Edward Azar's Theory of Protracted Social Conflict (PSC)
Have More Recent Theories Confirmed or Discredited PSC?
An Interpretative Framework for Conflict Analysis
The Analysis and Mapping of Complex Conflict Systems
Conclusion
Recommended Reading

5 Preventing Violent Conflict
Causation and Prevention of Wars
Emergent Conflict and Peaceful Change
Deep or Structural Prevention
Early Warning
Light or Operational Prevention
The Adoption of Conflict Prevention by International Organizations
Evaluation of Conflict Prevention's Effectiveness
Case Study: Preventive Crisis Management in Kenya
Conclusion
Recommended Reading

6 Containing Violent Conflict: Peacekeeping
First- and Second-Generation UN Peacekeeping, 1956-1995
War Zones, War Economies and Cultures of Violence
Third-Generation Peacekeeping: What Count As Peace Operations?
Redefining Peace Operations
Third-Generation Peacekeeping and Human Security
Conflict Resolution and the Theoretical Debate About Peace Operations
Case Study: Somalia 1991-2010
Conclusion
Recommended Reading

7 Ending Violent Conflict: Peacemaking
The Challenge of Ending Violent Conflict
De-escalation, Ripeness and Conditions for Ending Violent Conflict
Mediation and Third-Party Intervention
Peace Processes: Turning Points, Sticking Points and Spoilers
Negotiations and Settlements
Case Studies
Conclusion
Recommended reading

8 Post-War Reconstruction
Postwar Peace Operations
Intervention, Reconstruction and Withdrawal (IRW) Operations 1989-2009
Filling the Postwar Planning Gap
The International Postwar Reconstruction Blueprint: Dilemmas and Tradeoffs
Current Controversies
Summary from a Conflict Resolution Perspective
The Question of Evaluation
Conclusion
Recommended reading

9 Peacebuilding
The Mainstreaming of Peacebuilding Models in International Policy
Peacebuilding Debates and Discourses: Beyond Blueprints and Towards an Emancipatory Conflict Resolution Ethic
Hybrid Peace and Peacebuilding from Below: a Conflict Resolution Perspective
Conclusion: Peace Education and Peacebuilding from Below in the Discourse of Conflict Resolution
Recommended reading

10 Reconciliation
Four Meanings of Reconciliation
Between Separation and a Fusion of Identities
Dealing with the Past: Trauma and Atrocity
Peace or Justice? Not Exclusive Alternatives
Alternative Paths to Reconciliation
Reconciliation and Conßict Resolution: Going Down the Escalation Ladder
Recommended reading

PART II COSMOPOLITAN CONFLICT RESOLUTION

11 Towards Cosmopolitan Conflict Resolution
The Nature of the International Collectivity
The Arrow of the Future: Conflict Resolution and World Politics
Conflict Resolution and International Institutions
Conflict Resolution and International Law
Conflict Resolution and Cosmopolitan Democracy
Conflict Resolution and Terrorism
Recommended reading

12 Environmental Conflict Resolution
Tragedies of the Commons
Conflicts of Interest Over Climate Change
Multilevel Negotiations
International Negotiations
Recommended reading

13 Gender in Conflict Resolution
Stage 1: Making Women Visible as Agents of Change
Stage 2: Data-Collection and Case Studies
Stage 3: Rethinking Conflict Resolution Theory
Stage 4: Mainstreaming Gender in Policy-Making and the Empowerment of Women
Case Study
Recommended reading

14 The Ethics of Intervention
Conflict Resolution Roles
Conflict Resolution Intervention Principles
From Just War to Just Intervention
Conclusion: International Ethics, International Law and
International Politics
Recommended reading

15 Culture, Religion and Conflict Resolution
How Far Down Does Cultural Variation Reach?
Culture and Conflict Resolution: Three Responses
Religion and Conßict Resolution: Islamic and Buddhist Approaches
Conclusion
Recommended reading

16 Conflict Resolution in Art and Popular Culture
Creative Networks: Museums, Visual Arts, Music and Theatre in Conflict Resolution
Sport and Conflict Resolution
Building a Global Peace Culture
Conclusion
Recommended reading

17 Conflict Resolution, the Media and the Communications Revolution
The Mass Media and Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution in the Age of Cybertechnology
From Cyberwar to Cyberpeace
Recommended reading

18 Managing Linguistic Intractability: Dialogue, Discourse and Radical Disagreement
Linguistic Intractability: the Challenge of Radical Disagreement When Conflict Resolution Fails
Acknowledging, Exploring and Understanding Agonistic Dialogue
Managing Radical Disagreement: Promoting a Strategic Engagement of Discourses
The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: a Case Study
Recommended Reading

19 Conflict Resolution: Theories and Critiques
The Pluralist-Cosmopolitan Heartland of Conflict Resolution
The Realist Critique
The Critical Theory Critique
The Post-Structural Critique
Non-Western/Non-Northern Critiques
Recommended reading

20 Conflict Resolution and the Future
Emergent Conflicts
Future Drivers of Conflict
The Conflict Resolution Response
Conflict Resolution: the Next Generation
Conclusion

Notes
References
Index

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Oliver Ramsbotham is Emeritus Professor of Conflict Resolution at the University of Bradford, Tom Woodhouse is Adam Curle Professor of Conflict Resolution at the University of Bradford and Hugh Miall is Professor of International Relations at the University of Kent at Canterbury.
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  • A fully revised and updated new edition of the bestselling, authoritative textbook on conflict resolution
  • Includes four new chapters exploring environmental conflict resolution, conflict resolution in art and popular culture, the media and communications revolution, and new theories and critiques
  • Combines a coherent, overarching thesis with a wide-ranging structure ideally suited to course use
  • Supplemented by a companion website which will place this textbook at the heart of the conflict resolution community
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"Thoroughly recommended for all conflict resolution workers whether in academe, government or other parliamentary organisations, civil service, military departments, and NGOs and their supporters. Indeed, anyone prepared to study it in any depth would be amply rewarded."
Medicine, Conflict and Survival

"There is no more definitive text. It is impressive in its clarity, comprehensiveness, and ability to incorporate a historical overview of each area as well as the latest thinking and debates."
Oliver Richmond, Director, Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, University of St Andrews

"This new third edition confirms the stellar place of this book on the bookshelf of every scholar and practitioner in the field of conflict resolution and peacebuilding. Nowhere else will you find such a comprehensive overview of the history of the field and its current methodologies, as well as entirely new chapters dedicated to the most pertinent issues of today, including the environment, gender, religion and the media. A must read - a hugely important resource for us all."
Mari Fitzduff, Brandeis University

"Contemporary Conflict Resolution has become an institution for teachers, students and researchers of armed conflict, conflict resolution and peacebuilding. This third edition - significantly revised and expanded, with a number of entirely new chapters - provides an excellent survey of the key theories, debates and cases in this area of scholarship. The inclusion of chapters on the environment , religion, culture, the media and language demonstrates that this volume is as innovative as it is comprehensive. It manages to be both a textbook and a volume that projects coherent and sometimes provocative arguments."
Edward Newman, University of Birmingham

"This is a thorough and well-written introduction to contemporary conflict resolution, which offers a distinctive perspective based on the notion of 'cosmopolitan conflict resolution'. It will be of great interest to students of peace and conflict studies."
Adrian G. V. Hyde-Price, University of Bath

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