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The Contemporary Conflict Resolution Reader

ISBN: 978-0-7456-8676-9
408 pages
March 2015, Polity
The Contemporary Conflict Resolution Reader (0745686761) cover image

Description

Armed conflict may appear to be in long term decline, but the intractability and destructiveness of contemporary conflicts make conflict resolution as urgent and necessary as ever. The Contemporary Conflict Resolution Reader is the first comprehensive survey of the field as it has evolved over the last fifty years, bringing together the seminal writings of its founders with the cutting-edge interventions of today’s leading exponents and practitioners.

Drawing on their extensive experience and knowledge of conflict and peace research across the world, the editors have selected a rich and illuminating set of readings that offer a unique and accessible overview of the many different aspects of conflict resolution. The chapters range across prevention, nonviolence, constructive approaches, mediation, negotiation, reconciliation and peace-building. Each one is framed by an editorial introduction and the readings are helpfully broken up into the following sections: reflective pieces, guides to practice, case studies and tools for learning. 

Covering classical and contemporary ideas, the Reader includes extracts which mark the continued innovation, relevance and dynamism of the field globally. Whether used on its own or as a companion to the hugely popular Contemporary Conflict Resolution, this Reader will be an invaluable resource for students and teachers of peace and conflict research, politics and international relations, as well as practitioners working in the field. While acknowledging the scale of the challenges ahead, this inspiring collection suggests a hopeful and practical vision of the way forward for conflict resolution in the 21st century.

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Table of Contents

Sources and Acknowledgements
Debating Conflict Resolution: Texts, Voices and Narratives
Tom Woodhouse, Hugh Miall, Oliver Ramsbotham and Christopher Mitchell
Part I Foundations
Introduction
1 On Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch
Immanuel Kant
2 The Value for Conflict Resolution of a General Discipline of International Relations
Quincy P. Wright
3 The Mathematical Psychology of War
Lewis F. Richardson
4 Conflict and Defense; A General Theory
Kenneth Boulding
5 Conflict and Communication
John Burton
6 Conflict Theory and Practice
Johan Galtung
7 The Middle East Conflict
Johan Galtung
8 Conflict in Man-Made Environment
Anatol Rapoport
9 The Management of Protracted Social Conflict
Ed Azar
10 The Functions of Social Conflict
Lewis Coser
11 The Strategy of Conflict
Tom Schelling
12 Building a Global Civic Culture; Education for an Interdependent World
Elise Boulding
13 A Brief History of Social Psychological Theorizing about Conflict
Morton Deutsch
Toolbox
Part II Conflict Theories and Analysis
Introduction
Conflict Theories
14 The Structure of International Conflict
Chris Mitchell
15 Extending the Reach of Basic Human Needs
Dennis Sandole
16 Ethnic Groups in Conflict
Donald Horowitz
17 New and Old Wars: Organized Violence in a Global Era
Mary Kaldor
18 The Economic Functions of Violence in Civil Wars
David Keen
19 Horizontal Inequalities: A Neglected Dimension of Development
Frances Stewart
20 Dynamics of Contention
Doug McAdam, Sidney Tarrow, Charles Tilly
21 A Nested Theory of Conflicts
Marie Dugan
22 Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies
John Paul Lederach
23 Conflict Resolution and the Structural Sources of Conflict
Richard Rubinstein
24 Telling Each Other Apart: A Discursive Approach to Violent Conflict
Jolle Demmers
25 Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War
James Fearon and David Laitin
Conflict Analysis
26 Conflict Analysis Tools
Simon Mason and Sandra Rychard
27 FAST Conflict Analytical Framework applied to Angola
Swisspeace
28 Systemic Conflict Transformation: Reflections on the Conflict and Peace Process in Sri Lanka
Norbert Ropers
Toolbox
Part III Praxis (1): Conflict Prevention and Nonviolence
Introduction
Reflective Pieces
29 Constructive Conflict: from Escalation to Resolution
Louis Kriesberg and Bruce W. Dayton
30 Breaking Cycles of Violence, Conflict Prevention in Intrastate Conflicts
Janie Leatherman, Raimo Väyrynen, William E. Demars, and Patrick Gaffney
31 Ethnic Conflict and Civic Life; Hindus and Muslims in India
Ashutosh Varshney
Guides to Practice
32 Report of the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict
Case Studies
33 Conflict Prevention in the Baltic States: The OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania
Ed. Rob Zaagman
34 Chill Out: Why Cooperation is Balancing Conflict Among Major States in the New Arctic
Andrew Hart, Bruce Jones and David Steven
35 Negotiation Games
Steven Brams
36 Nonviolence in Peace and War, vol II
Mohandas K. Gandhi
37 From Dictatorship to Democracy
Gene Sharp
38 Nonviolent Resistance and Conflict Transformation in Power Asymmetries
Veronique Dudouet
Toolbox
Part IV Praxis (2): Mediation, Negotiation and Reconciliation
Introduction
Reflective Pieces
39 Understanding Conflict Resolution
Peter Wallensteen
40 Making Peace
Adam Curle
41 International Mediation in Theory and Practice
Saadia Touval and William Zartman
42 Readiness Theory and the Northern Ireland Conflict
Dean Pruitt
43 Why Orphaned Peace Settlements are More Prone to Failure
Fen Hampson
44 The Mediation Dilemma
Kyle Beardsley
45 The Meaning of Reconciliation
Hizkias Assefa
Guides to Practice
46 Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In
Roger Fisher and William Ury
47 From Identity-Based Conflict to Identity-Based Cooperation
Jay Rothman
48 Approaches to Community Relations Work
Mari Fitzduff
49 Peacemaking Public and Private
Adam Curle
50 In the Middle
Adam Curle
51 Training Manual in Community Mediation Skills
Mediation UK
52 Use of language by mediators: Exercises
Case Studies
53 Disputes and Negotiations
Philip Gulliver
54 Explaining Conflict Transformation: How Jerusalem became Negotiable
Cecilia Albin
55 The Dayton Agreement. The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina
56 Northern Ireland documents
Toolbox
Part V Praxis (3): Peacebuilding
Introduction
Reflective Pieces
57 Understanding the Contradictions of Postwar Peacebuilding
Roland Paris and Timothy Sisk
58 The US Role in Nation-Building: From Germany to Iraq’ and ‘The UN’s Role in Nation-Building: From Congo to Iraq
James Dobbins et al.
59 Hybrid peace: the Interaction Between top-down and bottom-up peace
Roger Mac Ginty
60 Transitional justice and reconciliation: theory and practice
Martina Fischer
61 Towards a Strategic Framework for Peacebuilding: Getting Their Act Together
Dan Smith
62 The Potential Complementarity of Mediation and Consultation within a Contingency Model of Third Party Intervention
Ronald Fisher and Loraleigh Keashly
Guides to Practice
63 Code of Conduct for Conflict Transformation
International Alert
Case Studies
64 Women Take the Lead in Pastoral Kenya
Van Tongeren et al. (eds.)
65 Governing (in) Kirkuk: resolving the status of a disputed territory in post-American Iraq
Stefan Wolff
Toolbox
Part VI Challenges and Future Directions
Introduction
66 The Better Angels of our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined
Stephen Pinker
67 Climate Change and Armed Conflict
James Lee
68 Revisiting Change and Conflict: On Underlying Assumptions and the De-Politicisation of Conflict Resolution
Vivienne Jabri
69 From Pacification to Peacebuilding: A Call to Global Transformation
Diana Francis
70 Culture and Conflict Resolution
Kevin Avruch
71 Peace Studies: A Cultural Perspective
Karlheinz Koppe, Aurangzeb Haneef, Kam-Por Yu, Grimaldo Remifo, Kofi Asare Opoku
72 Ushahidi: From Crisis Mapping in Kenya to Mapping the Globe
73 Cosmopolitanism after 9/11
David Held
Toolbox
Index
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Author Information

Hugh Miall is Professor of International Relations at the University of Kent

Tom Woodhouse is Adam Curle Professor of Conflict Resolution at the University of Bradford

Oliver Ramsbotham is Emeritus Professor of Conflict Resolution at the University of Bradford

Christopher Mitchell is Professor Emeritus of Conflict Resolution at George Mason University
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Reviews

"This book is an absolute must-have resource for anyone interested in the birth and history of conflict resolution as a field of study, as well as a lexicon of fundamental documents that are currently shaping thinking and practice in the peacebuilding field. It is a unique and inspiring testimony to many of the challenges the field has faced, as well as demonstrating the strategic import of todays scholars and practitioners about how better to address the resolution of conflicts around the world today."
Mari Fitzduff, Brandeis University

"This book is indispensable for all teachers, researchers and practitioners in the field of conflict resolution and peace-building. It brings together seminal, defining texts so that readers can discern the genealogy of our interdisciplinary academic discipline. But it also directs our attention to a whole series of tried and tested practical measures for dealing with deep division and violence. By combining the readings into theory ,praxis , peace-building and reconciliation this collection reminds us that this field is not only deeply analytical but also normative in intent. It does not succumb to the paralysing consequences of realist pessimism nor fall into any false idealist position. It analyses violence critically and provides hard and tested solutions to deep rooted and intractable problems. I will be ordering it for myself and my library. It will find its way as a key text in our field."
Kevin Clements, National Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies,University of Otago, New Zealand

"Once again, Woodhouse et al. have produced an incredible resource for the conflict resolution field. I have been using various portions of Contemporary Conflict Resolution in my graduate classes for years, and this new book complements it beautifully. It brings together in one volume an array of primary theories in the field with current writing that highlights both questions and challenges. My students are always asking ?is there a basic set of readings in conflict resolution?? and I?ll now be able to point them in the direction of this great new book!"
Eileen F. Babbitt, The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University

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