Foundations for Microwave Engineering, 2nd EditionISBN: 9780780360310
944 pages
January 2001, WileyIEEE Press

Description
 Planar transmission lines, as well as an appendix that describes in detail conformal mapping methods for their analysis and attenuation characteristics
 Small aperture coupling and its application in practical components such as directional couplers and cavity coupling
 Printed circuit components with an emphasis on techniques such as even and odd mode analysis and the use of symmetry properties
 Microwave linear amplifier and oscillator design using solidstate circuits such as varactor devices and transistors
FOUNDATIONS FOR MICROWAVE ENGINEERING, Second Edition, has extensive coverage of transmission lines, waveguides, microwave circuit theory, impedance matching and cavity resonators. It devotes an entire chapter to fundamental microwave tubes, in addition to chapters on periodic structures, microwave filters, small signal solidstate microwave amplifier and oscillator design, and negative resistance devices and circuits. Completely updated in 1992, it is being reissued by the IEEE Press in response to requests from our many members, who found it an invaluable textbook and an enduring reference for practicing microwave engineers.
Sponsored by:
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society, IEEE Microwave Theory and
Techniques Society
An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available upon request from the Wiley Makerting Department.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction 1
1.1 Microwave Frequencies 1
1.2 Microwave Applications 3
1.3 Microwave Circuit Elements and Analysis 6
2 Electromagnetic Theory 17
2.1 Maxwell's Equations 17
2.2 Constitutive Relations 23
2.3 Static Fields 28
2.4 Wave Equation 31
2.5 Energy and Power 33
2.6 Boundary Conditions 39
2.7 Plane Waves 44
2.8 Reflection from a Dielectric Interface 49
2.9 Reflection from a Conducting Plane 53
2.10 Potential Theory 56
2.11 Derivation of Solution for Vector Potential 59
2.12 Lorentz Reciprocity Theorem 62
3 Transmission Lines and Waveguides 72
Part 1 Waves on Transmission Lines 72
3.1 Waves on An Ideal Transmission Line 72
3.2 Terminated Transmission Line: Resistive Load 78
3.3 Capacitive Termination 82
3.4 SteadyState Sinusoidal Waves 85
3.5 Waves on a Lossy Transmission Line 86
3.6 Terminated Transmission Line: Sinusoidal Waves 89
Part 2 Field Analysis of Transmission Lines 96
3.7 Classification of Wave Solutions 96
3.8 Transmission Lines (Field Analysis) 104
3.9 TransmissionLine Parameters 112
3.10 Inhomogeneously Filled ParallelPlate Transmission Line 117
3.11 Planar Transmission Lines 125
3.12 Microstrip Transmission Line 130
3.13 Coupled Microstrip Lines 164
3.14 Strip Transmission Lines 170
3.15 Coupled Strip Lines 173
3.16 Coplanar Transmission Lines 175
Part 3 Rectangular and Circular Waveguides 180
3.17 Rectangular Waveguide 181
3.18 Circular Waveguides 194
3.19 Wave Velocities 198
3.20 Ridge Waveguide 205
3.21 Fin Line 208
4 Circuit Theory for Waveguiding Systems 220
4.1 Equivalent Voltages and Currents 221
4.2 Impedance Description of Waveguide Elements and Circuits 224
4.3 Foster's Reactance Theorem 230
4.4 Even and Odd Properties of Z_{in 232}
4.5 iVPort Circuits 233
4.6 TwoPort Junctions 238
4.7 ScatteringMatrix Formulation 248
4.8 Scattering Matrix for a TwoPort Junction 254
4.9 TransmissionMatrix Representation 257
4.10 Signal Flow Graphs 260
4.11 Generalized Scattering Matrix for Power Waves 268
4.12 Excitation of Waveguides 276
4.13 Waveguide Coupling by Apertures 284
5 Impedance Transformation and Matching 303
5.1 Smith Chart 304
5.2 Impedance Matching with Reactive Elements 308
5.3 DoubleStub Matching Network 312
5.4 TripleStub Tuner 317
5.5 Impedance Matching with Lumped Elements 319
5.6 Design of Complex Impedance Terminations 330
5.7 Invariant Property of Impedance Mismatch Factor 334
5.8 Waveguide Reactive Elements 339
5.9 QuarterWave Transformers 343
5.10 Theory of Small Reflections 347
5.11 Approximate Theory for Multisection QuarterWave Transformers 348
5.12 Binomial Transformer 350
5.13 Chebyshev Transformer 352
5.14 Chebyshev Transformer (Exact Results) 356
5.15 Filter Design Based on QuarterWaveTransformer Prototype Circuit 360
5.16 Tapered Transmission Lines 370
5.17 Synthesis of TransmissionLine Tapers 373
5.18 Chebyshev Taper 380
5.19 Exact Equation for the Reflection Coefficient 383
6 Passive Microwave Devices 394
6.1 Terminations 394
6.2 Attenuators 397
6.3 Phase Shifters 404
6.4 Directional Couplers 413
6.5 Hybrid Junctions 435
6.6 Power Dividers 442
6.7 Microwave Propagation in Ferrites 450
6.8 Faraday Rotation 460
6.9 Microwave Devices Employing Faraday Rotation 464
6.10 Circulators 468
6.11 Other Ferrite Devices 476
7 Electromagnetic Resonators 481
7.1 Resonant Circuits 481
7.2 TransmissionLine Resonant Circuits 485
7.3 Microstrip Resonators 490
7.4 Microwave Cavities 500
7.5 Dielectric Resonators 508
7.6 Equivalent Circuits for Cavities 517
7.7 Field Expansion in a General Cavity 525
7.8 Oscillations in a SourceFree Cavity 533
7.9 Excitation of Cavities 538
7.10 Cavity Perturbation Theory 541
8 Periodic Structures and Filters 550
8.1 Capacitively Loaded TransmissionLineCircuit Analysis 551
8.2 Wave Analysis of Periodic Structures 557
8.3 Periodic Structures Composed of Unsymmetrical TwoPort Networks 559
8.4 Terminated Periodic Structures 560
8.5 Matching of Periodic Structures 563
8.6 k_{0}β Diagram 564
8.7 Group Velocity and Energy Flow 566
8.8 Floquet's Theorem and Spatial Harmonics 569
8.9 Periodic Structures for TravelingWave Tubes 571
8.10 Sheath Helix 580
8.11 Some General Properties of a Helix 583
8.12 Introduction to Microwave Filters 585
8.13 ImageParameter Method of Filter Design 587
8.14 Filter Design by InsertionLoss Method 591
8.15 Specification of Power Loss Ratio 592
8.16 Some LowPassFilter Designs 595
8.17 Frequency Transformations 598
8.18 Impedance and Admittance Inverters 603
8.19 A Microstrip HalfWave Filter 617
8.20 Microstrip Parallel Coupled Filter 626
8.21 QuarterWaveCoupled Cavity Filters 635
8.22 DirectCoupled Cavity Filters 639
8.23 Other Types of Filters 642
9 Microwave Tubes 648
9.1 Introduction 648
9.2 Electron Beams with dc Conditions 650
9.3 SpaceCharge Waves on Beams with Confined Flow 654
9.4 SpaceCharge Waves on Unfocused Beams 661
9.5 Ac Power Relations 667
9.6 Velocity Modulation 670
9.7 TwoCavity Klystron 678
9.8 Reflex Klystron 686
9.9 Magnetron 690
9.10 OType TravelingWave Tube 692
9.11 MType TravelingWave Tube 699
9.12 Gyrotrons 701
9.13 Other Types of Microwave Tubes 708
10 SolidState Amplifiers 713
10.1 Bipolar Transistors 716
10.2 FieldEffect Transistors 721
10.3 CircleMapping Properties of Bilinear Transformations 725
10.4 Microwave Amplifier Design Using Sij Parameters 726
10.5 Amplifier Power Gain 728
10.6 Amplifier Stability Criteria 735
10.7 Constant PowerGain Circles 744
10.8 Basic Noise Theory 760
10.9 LowNoise Amplifier Design 767
10.10 Constant Mismatch Circles 776
10.11 Microwave Amplifier Design 780
10.12 Other Aspects of Microwave Amplifier Design 793
11 Parametric Amplifiers 799
11.1 pn Junction Diodes 800
11.2 ManleyRowe Relations 804
11.3 Linearized Equations for Parametric Amplifiers 807
11.4 Parametric UpConverter 809
11.5 NegativeResistance Parametric Amplifier 814
11.6 Noise Properties of Parametric Amplifiers 821
12 Oscillators and Mixers 831
12.1 Gunn Oscillators 832
12.2 IMPATT Diodes 837
12.3 Transistor Oscillators 840
12.4 ThreePort Description of a Transistor 843
12.5 Oscillator Circuits 849
12.6 Oscillator Design 851
12.7 Mixers 856
12.8 Mixer Noise Figure 864
12.9 Balanced Mixers 865
12.10 Other Types of Mixers 868
12.11 Mixer Analysis Using Harmonic Balancing 869
Appendixes
I Useful Relations from Vector Analysis 876
I.1 Vector Algebra 876
I.2 Vector Operations in Common Coordinate Systems 877
I.3 Vector Identities 879
I.4 Green's Identities 880
II Bessel Functions 881
II.1 Ordinary Bessel Functions 881
II.2 Modified Bessel Functions 883
III Conformal Mapping Techniques 886
III.1 Conformal Mapping 886
III.2 Elliptic Sine Function 889
III.3 Capacitance between Two Parallel Strips 892
III.4 Strip Transmission Line 896
III.5 Conductor Loss 898
III.6 Conductor Losses for a Microstrip Transmission Line 903
III.7 Attenuation for a Coplanar Line 905
IV Physical Constants and Other Data 911
IV.1 Physical Constants 911
IV.2 Conductivities of Materials 912
IV.3 Dielectric Constants of Materials 912
IV.4 Skin Depth in Copper 912
Index 913
Author Information
The Wiley Advantage

An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available upon request from the Wiley Makerting Department.