Understanding and Applying Cognitive Development Theory: New Directions for Student Services, Number 88
December 1999, Jossey-Bass
This is the 88th issue of the quarterly journals New Directions for Student Services.
AUTHORS’ NOTES 1
Patrick G. Love, Victoria L. Guthrie
1. Perry’s Intellectual Scheme 5
This chapter summarizes Perry’s intellectual scheme and places it in the context of the 1990s.
2. Women’s Ways of Knowing 17
Belenky, Clinchy, Goldberger, and Tarule’s research on the cognitive development of women is described.
3. Baxter Magolda’s Epistemological Reflection Model 29
Marianne T. Bock
Understanding gender-related patterns of knowing and reasoning in traditional-aged college students is a critical element in effective student affairs practice.
4. King and Kitchener’s Reflective Judgment Model 41
King and Kitchener’s model delineates seven consistent patterns that describe how people approach complex issues and defend what they believe.
5. Interpersonal, Cultural, and Emotional Influences on Cognitive Development 53
This chapter provides an overview of the research linking cognitive development to interpersonal, cultural, and emotional factors.
6. Kegan’s Orders of Consciousness 65
Kegan’s theory consists of five orders of consciousness that represent principles of mental organization affecting the way we think, feel, and relate to ourselves and others.
7. Synthesis, Assessment, and Application 77
This chapter synthesizes the theories, provides a method for intentional informal assessment, and presents information on applying cognitive development theory in practice.
VICTORIA L. GUTHRIE is assistant professor of higher education and student personnel leadership at Ohio University.