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Identity Development of Diverse Populations: Implications for Teaching and Administration in Higher Education: ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, Volume 29, Number 6

ISBN: 978-0-7879-6351-4
144 pages
August 2003, Jossey-Bass
Identity Development of Diverse Populations: Implications for Teaching and Administration in Higher Education: ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, Volume 29, Number 6 (0787963518) cover image
This monograph is focused on educating faculty and administrators about the developmental issues faced by students from different racial, ethnic, or other social groupings as they attempt to define themselves during the college years and the ways this information can enhance campus classrooms, programs, and policies. Although there is a growing body of work on how various racial, ethnic, gender and other social groups develop their identity, there has been limited synthesis or application of this literature to the practice of professionals in higher education. The authors have higher education administrative backgrounds, so their recommendations are grounded in experience, and each also has a solid record of scholarship in identity development. The combined scholarly and administrative experience of the three authors enhances the contribution of this book.
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Foreword ix

Why Should Higher Education Be Concerned with the Identity Development of Diverse Students? 1

Development of Identity 2

Definitions 6

Organization 8

Theoretical Frameworks of Identity Development Theory: Foundational Theories 9

Foundational Theories of Identity Development 9

Evaluation of Foundational Theories 14

Dominant Cultures, Oppression, and Other Societal Issues Affecting the Identity Development of Diverse Populations 17

Cultural and Societal Issues That Impact Identity Development 18

Theory of Oppression 19

The Social Oppression Matrix 21

Social Identity Development Theory 23

How Oppression Impacts Privileged Groups 25

White Identity Theories 27

Conclusion 31

Theoretical Frameworks of Diverse Identity Development Theories: A View Through a Different Lens 33

Multigroup Ethnic and Racial Identity Models 33

Racial and Ethnic Identity Theories Pertaining to African American Students 39

Racial and Ethnic Identity Theories Pertaining to Native American Students 49

Acculturation to the Majority Culture 52

Racial and Ethnic Identity Theories Pertaining to Latino and Latina Students 53

Racial and Ethnic Identity Theories Pertaining to Asian American Students 59

Multiracial Identity 64

Conclusion 66

Multiple Identities: Acknowledging the Interrelationship Among Roles 67

Integrating Multiple Layers of Identity Development 69

Sexual Orientation Identity Formation 73

Women and Gender Identity 76

Implications 78

Integration of Identity Development Theory into Practice 79

Campus Culture 80

Implications for Administrators 82

Implications for Faculty Members 86

Conclusions and Future Implications 99

Appendix A. Case Study: Defining Academic Diversity at Reflective College 101

Considerations in Addressing This Issue 103

References 107

Index 119

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