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Alternative Validation Strategies: Developing New and Leveraging Existing Validity Evidence

S. Morton McPhail (Editor), Allan H. Church (Foreword by), Janine Waclawski (Foreword by)
ISBN: 978-0-7879-8242-3
488 pages
February 2007, Pfeiffer
Alternative Validation Strategies: Developing New and Leveraging Existing Validity Evidence (0787982423) cover image


Alternative Validation Strategies is a groundbreaking compendium of the most current research and practical guidelines for time- and cost-saving alternatives to the traditional test validation strategies associated with selection processes. The “state of the science” strategies outlined in this valuable resource will help employers to evaluate the inferences drawn from their selection procedures while offering practices that meet stringent legal and regulatory requirements.
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Table of Contents

Foreword xiii
Allan H. Church and Janine Waclawski

Preface xv
S. Morton McPhail

The Authors xxiii

1 Development of Validation Evidence 1
S. Morton McPhail

Part 1: Applying Existing Validity Evidence

2 Transportation of Validation Results 29
Wade M. Gibson and Julie A. Caplinger

3 Job Component Validity: Background, Current Research, and Applications 82
Calvin C. Hoffman, Boris Rashkovsky, and Erika D’Egidio

4 Synthetic Validity: A Technique of Use (Finally) 122
Jeff W. Johnson

5 Validity Generalization as a Test Validation Approach 159
Michael A. McDaniel

6 Generalizing Personality-Based Validity Evidence 181
Joyce Hogan, Scott Davies, and Robert Hogan

Part 2: Developing New Evidence for Validity

7 Consortium Studies 233
Nancy T. Tippins and William H. Macey

8 Application of Content Validation Methods to Broader Constructs 252
Damian J. Stelly and Harold W. Goldstein

9 Practical Construct Validation for Personnel Selection 317
Timothy E. Landon and Richard D. Arvey

Part 3: Implementation

10 Implementation Based on Alternate Validation Procedures: Ranking, Cut Scores, Banding, and Compensatory Models 349
Lorin Mueller, Dwayne Norris, and Scott Oppler

Part 4: Where Do We Go from Here?

11 The Validation of Personnel Decisions in the Twenty-First Century: Back to the Future 409
Frank J. Landy

Name Index 427

Subject Index 435

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Author Information

S. Morton McPhail is a senior vice president and managing principal with Valtera Corporation (formerly Jeanneret & Associates, Inc.). He has served as a consultant for more than twenty-eight years to a wide variety of public and private sector clients on issues ranging from selection, training and development, and performance assessment to termination. Dr. McPhail is a licensed psychologist and serves as adjunct faculty for the University of Houston and Rice University.
The Professional Practice Series is sponsored by The Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Inc. (SIOP). The series was launched in 1988 to provide industrial and organizational psychologists, organizational scientists and practitioners, human resources professionals, managers, executives, and those interested in organizational behavior and performance with volumes that are insightful, current, informative, and relevant to organizational practice.
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"…this text is very useful for practitioners involved in assessment in various fields as well as with adequate examples that assist the reader…" (PscycCrtiques, 10/31/2007)

"This indispensable volume by top-notch authors from academe, consulting, and organizations provides detailed analyses and practical applications of sometimes inaccessible techniques of validity generalization, job component validity, synthetic validity, content validation, and construct validation. The authors describe these procedures as they apply to a variety of narrow and broad ability and personality attributes relevant to job effectiveness."
—George Thornton, professor, Department of Psychology, Colorado State University

"This work offers a comprehensive survey of current thought on alternative methods of validation. It provides insight into the relative strengths of various methods and gives hope to those of us who argue that criterion-related methods should not be preferred over other methods simply because they appear to be more scientific. Throughout, the authors remind us that whatever the methodology, the goal remains the same: selection procedures that help employers identify the best employees for the job and that their attorneys can defend against legal challenge. Every attorney practicing in this area should add this work to the reference shelf."
—Patrick J. Rocks, general counsel, Chicago Public Schools

"While the Uniform Guidelines provide the 'rules' for the validation of selection procedures, this compilation of techniques offers both researchers and practitioners timely, practical, and defensible approaches for getting it done."
—John Leonard, manager, organizational development, Valero Energy Corporation

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