Designing and Constructing Instruments for Social Research and Evaluation
August 2007, Jossey-Bass
This book provides a thorough presentation of instrument construction, from conception to development and pre-testing of items, formatting the instrument, administration, and, finally, data management and presentation of the findings. Throughout the book, the authors emphasize how to create an instrument that will produce trustworthy and accurate data. To that end they have included guidelines for reviewing and revising the questionnaire to enhance validity and reliability. They also show how to work effectively with stakeholders such as instruments designers, decision-makers, agency personnel, clients, and raters or respondents.
Preface: Asking and Answering.
PART ONE: CONCEPTS.
2. Instruments and Social Inquiry.
4. Instrument Construction, Validity, and Reliability.
PART TWO: APPLICATION.
5. Purposeful Creativity: First Steps in the Development of an Instrument.
7. The Structure and Format of Selection Items.
8. Guidelines for Writing Selection Items.
9. Selection Items: Alternative Formats.
10. Supply Items: Open-Ended Questions.
11. Guidelines for Constructing Multi-Item Scales.
PART THREE: ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION.
12. Organizing the Instrument.
13. Administering the Instrument.
14. Computers and Instrument Construction.
15. Managing the Data and Reporting the Results.
Robert W. Covert, Ph.D., is associate professor at the University of Virginia's Curry School of Graduate Studies in the program in Research, Statistics, and Evaluation.
* Provides a thorough review of the research process from start to finish
* Addresses the rapidly evolving area of online and email surveys and the use of incentives and other methods to increase response rate
* Offers the most current methods on scale construction and assessment of the construct validity of an instrument
* Features chapter exercises and case examples that illustrate the essential criteria for each of the steps