Museum Marketing and Strategy: Designing Missions, Building Audiences, Generating Revenue and Resources, 2nd Edition
August 2008, Jossey-Bass
- Define the exchange process between a museum's offerings and consumer value
- Differentiate a museum and communicate its unique value in a competitive marketplace
- Find, create, and retain consumers and convert visitors to members and members to volunteers and donors
- Plan strategically and maximize marketing's value
- Achieve financial stability
- Develop a consumer-centered museum
Model Museum Practices.
PART ONE: MUSEUMS AND MARKETING.
1. The Diverse World of Museums.
What Is a Museum?.
Origin and Evolution of Museums.
2. The Role of Museum Marketing.
Exchange Transactions and Relationships.
The Role of a Marketer.
The Marketing Concept.
Marketing Core Concepts.
Developing Marketing Plans.
Characteristics of a Consumer-Centered Museum.
The Impact of the Digital Revolution on Marketing.
Model Museum Practice: Museum of Science, Boston.
PART TWO: STRATEGIC MARKETING.
3. Moving to Strategic Planning.
Strategic Market Planning Process.
The Environmental Scan.
Undertaking a Marketing Audit.
Model Museum Practice: National Gallery of Victoria.
4. Choosing a Mission and Core Strategy.
A Museum Chooses Its Mission.
Setting the Core Marketing Strategy.
Product Portfolio Strategy.
Organizational Structure and Culture.
Model Museum Practice: The Strong National Museum of Play.
5. Applying Market Segmentation, Targeting, Positioning, and Branding.
Approaches to Markets.
Steps in Segmenting, Targeting, and Positioning.
Bases for Segmenting Markets.
Targeting Specific Market Segments.
Positioning the Museum and Its Offerings.
Museum Branding and Brands.
Model Museum Practice: Chicago History Museum.
PART THREE: MUSEUM CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES.
6. Building Audiences.
Attracting and Retaining an Audience.
Attracting New Audiences.
Postpurchase Assessment and Action.
Model Museum Practice: Fonthill Museum.
7. Attracting Financial Resources.
The Impact of Economic Cycles on Museums.
Museum Revenue Sources.
Attracting and Managing Donors.
Fundraising Goals and Strategy.
Improving Business Practices to Augment Income.
Model Museum Practice: The Freer and Sackler Galleries.
PART FOUR: TACTICAL MARKETING.
8. Carrying Out Marketing Research.
Museum Applications of Marketing Research.
Major Types of Museum Research.
Before Beginning the Research.
Data Sources and Research Tools.
Steps in the Marketing Survey Process.
Marketing Research Budgeting.
Resistance to Marketing Research.
Model Museum Practice: The Newark Museum.
9. Developing Attractive Offerings.
Collections and Exhibitions.
Model Museum Practice: 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa.
10. Distributing the Museum’s Offerings and Services.
Distribution Channel Structure.
Traveling Exhibitions and Loans.
Museum Retail Channels.
Model Museum Practice: Great Britain’s Tate.
11. Managing Marketing Communications.
The Communication Process.
Model Museum Practice: Museums and E-Communication.
12. Setting Pricing Strategies.
Pricing Objects Loaned to Other Museums.
Pricing Special Exhibitions and Events.
Pricing Museum Shop Items.
Pricing Facility Rental.
Pricing Donor Support.
13. Managing Marketing Operations.
Developing Marketing Budgets.
Power Relationships in Organizations.
Marketing Information and Control Systems.
14. Securing the Future of Museums.
Museums and Marketing.
Achieving Expanded and Diverse Audiences.
Expanding Capacity and Developing Exhibitions and Programs.
Encouraging Future Visitors and Experiences.
NEIL G. KOTLER is the president of Kotler Museum and Cultural Marketing Consultants, Arlington, Virginia, and a former museum professional at the Smithsonian Institution.
PHILIP KOTLER is the S.C. Johnson & Son Professor of International Marketing at Northwestern University's Kellogg School of Management in Evanston, Illinois.
WENDY I. KOTLER is an educator and museum consultant of long-standing. She is vice president of Kotler Museum and Cultural Marketing Consultants.
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