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Xie's Veterinary Acupuncture

ISBN: 978-0-8138-1247-2
376 pages
February 2007, Wiley-Blackwell
Xie
Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine has been used to treat animals in China for thousands of years. Until now, the majority of the literature on Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine has been written in Chinese. Xie's Veterinary Acupuncture serves as a comprehensive and accessible reference on the basic principles, techniques and clinical application of veterinary acupuncture. Written by a world renowned authority on veterinary acupuncture and a panel of experts, the book incorporates a traditional Chinese approach to veterinary acupuncture, including ancient and newly developed acupuncture techniques for both small and large animals. With the growing interest in veterinary acupuncture worldwide, this ground-breaking and authoritative text is a timely resource for practitioners and students alike.
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Contributors ix

Preface xi

1 Introduction to Meridians 3
Huisheng Xie and Vanessa Preast

The Jing-Luo System 3

A. Discovery of the Jing-Luo System 3

B. The 12 Regular Channels 5

C. The 8 Extraordinary Channels (Qi-Jing-Ba-Mai) 6

D. The 14 Regular Channels 7

E. The 15 Collaterals 9

F. The 12 Divergent Meridians (Shi-Er-Jing-Bie) 10

G. The 12 Muscle Regions (Shi-Er-Jing-Jin) 10

H. The 12 Cutaneous Regions 10

Root, Basis, Manifestation, and Branch of Meridians 10

A. The Basis (Ben) and Manifestation (Biao) 10

B. The Root (Gen) and Branch (Jie) 10

Qi Streets and Four Seas of the Meridians 11

A. The Qi Streets (Qi-Jie) 11

B. Four Seas (Si-Hai) 11

Functions of the Jing-Luo 11

A. Physiological Aspects 11

B. Pathological Aspects 12

C. Therapeutic Aspects 12

2 Introduction to Acupuncture Points 13
Huisheng Xie and Vanessa Preast

Nomenclature of Acupoints 13

A. Traditional Nomenclature System 13

B. Western Nomenclature System 13

Classification of Acupoints 14

Therapeutic Effects of Acupoints 15

A. General Therapeutic Effects 15

B. Special Acupoints 15

Methods to Locate the Points 24

A. The Acupuncture Unit of Measurement of the Body 24

B. Proportional Measurement 24

C. Anatomic Landmarks 26

D. Tail Vertebral or Last Rib Cun Measurement 26

E. Finger Cun Measurement 26

3 Equine Transpositional Acupoints 27
Huisheng Xie and Lisa Trevisanello

Lung Channel 27

Large Intestine Channel 29

Stomach Channel 34

Spleen Channel 41

Heart Channel 46

Small Intestine Channel 48

Bladder Channel 53

Kidney Channel 60

Pericardium Channel 64

Triple Heater Channel 66

Gallbladder Channel 70

Liver Channel 75

Governing Vessel Channel 78

Conception Vessel Channel 82

4 Equine Classical Acupoints 89
Huisheng Xie and Kosei Yamagiwa

Head Regions 89

Trunk and Tail Regions 95

Thoracic Limb Regions 104

Pelvic Limb Regions 110

Extra Points 117

Ear Points 123

Acupuncture Analgesia Points 126

5 Canine Transpositional Acupoints 129
Cheryl Chrisman and Huisheng Xie

Lung Channel 134

Large Intestine Channel 137

Stomach Channel 141

Spleen Channel 149

Heart Channel 154

Small Intestine Channel 156

Bladder Channel 160

Kidney Channel 169

Pericardium Channel 174

Triple Heater Channel 176

Gallbladder Channel 182

Liver Channel 190

Governing Vessel Channel 194

Conception Vessel Channel 200

Overview of the Most Commonly Used Transpositional Acupoints 204

6 Canine Classical Acupoints 217
Cheryl Chrisman and Huisheng Xie

Head and Neck Regions 217

Trunk and Tail Regions 222

Thoracic Limbs 228

Pelvic Limbs 232

7 General Rules of Acupuncture Therapy 235
Huisheng Xie and Vanessa Preast

Six Basic Acupuncture Methods 235

A. Tonifying and Reducing Methods 235

B. Warming and Cooling Methods 237

C. Ascending and Descending Method 237

Five General Principles to Select Acupuncture Points 238

A. Selection of Local Points 238

B. Selection of Distant Points 238

C. Selection of Symptomatic Points 238

D. Selection of Balance Points 238

E. Selection of Special Points 239

Eight Methods for Deficiency Pattern 239

A. General Tonic Points 240

B. Source (Yuan) Point 240

C. Influential Point 240

D. Back-shu Association Points or Front-mu Alarm Points 240

E. Mother Point on That Channel 241

F. Five Levels of Five-Shu Points 241

G. Hind Limb Yin Channel He-Sea Points 241

H. Four-Point Techniques 241

Eight Methods for Excess 242

A. Local Points 242

B. Master Points 242

C. Influential Points 243

D. Back-shu Associate Points or Front-mu Alarm Points 243

E. Energetic Points 243

F. Five Levels of Five-Shu Points 243

G. The Child Point 243

H. Other Eight Methods 243

Number of Points Selected 244

Duration of Acupuncture Treatment 244

Frequency of Acupuncture Treatment Sessions 245

Preparation for Acupuncture 245

Precautions and Contraindications 245

Management of Possible Accidents 246

A. Stuck Needle 246

B. Broken Needle 246

C. Swallowed Needle 246

D. Hematoma 246

8 Acupuncture for Treatment of Musculoskeletal and Neurological Disorders 247
Huisheng Xie and Vanessa Preast

Bi Syndrome 247

Facial Paralysis 251

Shoulder Pain 252

Scapula-Chest Pain (Jia-qi Pain) 253

Elbow Pain 253

Paralysis of the Radial Nerve 254

Carpal Pain 254

Bucked Shins 254

Splints 255

Tendon and Ligament Problems 256

Fetlock and Pastern Pain 256

Heel and Hoof Pain 257

Hip Pain 258

Sciatic and Femoral Nerve Paralysis 259

Stifle Pain 259

Hock Pain 260

Cervical Bi Syndrome and Wobbler’s Syndrome 260

Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis (EPM) 261

Lyme Disease 262

Laryngeal Paralysis or Hemiplegia 262

Tying up (Exertional Rhabdomyolysis) 262

Anhidrosis 263

Seizures 263

9 Acupuncture for Internal Medicine 267
Huisheng Xie

Common Cold (Shang-feng) 267

Cough (Ke-Sou Syndrome) 267

Dyspnea and Asthma (Chuan zheng) 270

Nasal Congestion and Discharge 272

Anorexia Syndrome 274

Vomiting 276

Diarrhea 279

Abdominal Pain (Colic) 283

Impaction and Constipation (Jie Zheng) 285

Jaundice Syndrome (Huang-dan) 286

Wei Syndrome 287

Shen Disturbance 290

Heart Failure 292

Edema Syndrome 295

Renal Failure 296

Lin Syndrome 298

Infertility 300

Diabetes 302

Cushing’s Disease 304

Hypothyroidism 306

Hyperthyroidism 307

10 Acupuncture for Acute and Miscellaneous Conditions 309
Huisheng Xie

Syncope and Collapse 309

High Fever 309

Hemorrhage 311

Eye Problems 312

Otitis 314

Stomatitis and Gingivitis 314

Excessive Salivation 315

Pruritus and Skin Allergy 316

Urticaria 318

Sores and Open Wounds 319

Burns 319

Prolapse 320

Heatstroke and Sunstroke 321

Meningitis and Encephalitis 321

Hydrocephalus 322

Diaphragm Spasm (Thumps) 322

Vaginitis and Metritis 323

Edema During Pregnancy 324

Fetus Restlessness 324

Prevention of Abortion 325

Retained Placenta 325

Agalactia (Lack of Milk) 325

Mastitis 326

Poisonings 326

Obesity 327

Poor Performance 327

Aging and Senility 327

11 Techniques of Veterinary Acupuncture and Moxibustion 329
Bruce Ferguson

Types and Sizes of Acupuncture Needles 329

Finding Effective Acupuncture Points 330

Techniques for Needle Insertion 330

Arrival of Qi 332

Types and Techniques of Acupuncture 332

Methods of Stimulating Acupuncture Points 333

Dry Needle Acupuncture 333

Hemoacupuncture 333

Aquapuncture 333

Pneumoacupuncture 333

Moxibustion 334

Acupuncture Effect with Electrical Devices 334

Material Implants 335

Acupuncture Needle Mishaps 335

Specialized Dry Needle Techniques 336

Scalp Acupuncture 336

Auriculotherapy 336

Tips for the Acupuncturist 336

Qi-gong Exercises 336

Position of Acupuncturist 336

Position of Patient 337

Caretaker Interference 337

Important Species-Specific Notes 337

12 Functional Neuroanatomical Physiology of Acupuncture 341
Roger M. Clemmons

Historical Evolution of Modern Acupuncture 341

Recent Advances in Acupuncture Neurophysiology 343

Local Effects of Acupuncture 344

Segmental and Super-Segmental Responses to 344

Acupuncture

Conclusion 346

Index 349

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Huisheng Xie received his DVM at the Sichuan College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine in Sichuan, China. He was an assistant and staff veterinarian in the College of Veterinary Medicine of the Beijing Agricultural University. After receiving his master of veterinary science in veterinary acupuncture, he was assistant and associate professor in the Beijing Agricultural University College of Veterinary Medicine. He received advanced training in human acupuncture at the Beijing College of Traditional Chinese Medicine and the National Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and later earned his PhD from the University of Florida for investigation of the mechanisms of pain control in horses using acupuncture. Currently, he is clinical assistant professor and director of the acupuncture internship training program in the College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Florida. Dr. Xie is founder of the Chi Institute in Reddick, Florida, which trains veterinarians in Chinese acupuncture and herbal medicine (www.tcvm.com). He has received achievement awards from the Ministry of Agriculture, the National Science and Technology Committee, the Beijing Agricultural University, Nihon University (Japan), University of Mexico (Mexico), and China National Society of TCVM. He speaks internationally on veterinary acupuncture and herbal medicine, and is the author of numerous books and papers. His textbooks include Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine and Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 1, Fundamental Principles.


Vanessa Preast received her DVM from the University of Florida in 2000. As a graduate of the Chi Institute, she became certified in small animal acupuncture. She incorporated acupuncture into her practice of small animal medicine and surgery. Currently, she is a doctoral student in teaching and learning. She coauthored and edited Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine and Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine, Vol.1, Fundamental Principles.

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  • Ground-breaking and authoritative reference on veterinary acupuncture
  • Written by world-renowned authority and panel of experts
  • Offers a clear, practical guide to the theory and application of acupuncture in veterinary practice
  • Traditional Chinese approach, including both ancient and newly developed acupuncture techniques
  • Well-illustrated instructional text
  • Covers both small and large animals
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