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Advanced Monitoring and Procedures for Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care

ISBN: 978-0-8138-1337-0
888 pages
June 2012, Wiley-Blackwell
Advanced Monitoring and Procedures for Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care (0813813379) cover image


Advanced Monitoring and Procedures for Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care is a comprehensive yet practical reference, providing hands-on information essential to veterinarians and veterinary technicians involved in emergency and critical care. Written by an expert team of veterinarians and veterinary technicians, this well-referenced book offers step-by-step protocols for performing advanced emergency and critical care procedures and monitoring techniques. Packed with practical guidance in an easy-to-use format, this book is ideally suited for quick access in emergency rooms or intensive care units.

Organized primarily by body system, each chapter covers general principles, indications, equipment, techniques, basic interpretation, troubleshooting, and contraindications. Standardized protocols supply equipment lists and step-by-step instructions throughout, and a companion website offers images from the book in PowerPoint and protocols as downloadable Word files.  Advanced Monitoring and Procedures for Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care is a valuable resource for any veterinary staff member with an interest in improving the standard of care in emergency and critical care medicine.


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Table of Contents

Contributors x

Preface xvi

SECTION I Introduction 3

1 Triage 5
Harold Davis

2 The small animal emergency room 11
Martin D. Miller and Sean D. Smarick

3 ICU design 24
Joris H. Robben and Julie A. Eveland-Baker

SECTION II Cardiovascular 49

4 Catheterization of the venous compartment 51
Mary Tefend Campbell and Douglass K. Macintire

5 Arterial puncture and catheterization 69
Elisa M. Mazzaferro and Cindy Hauser

6 Principles of electrocardiography 82
Joao Orvalho

7 Electrocardiogram interpretation 89
Matthew S. Mellema and Casey J. Kohen

8 Fluid-fi lled hemodynamic monitoring systems 107
Jamie M. Burkitt Creedon and Marc R. Raffe

9 Direct systemic arterial blood pressure monitoring 122
Edward Cooper and Stacey Cooper

10 Noninvasive arterial blood pressure monitoring 134
Jill A. Williamson and Stephanie Leone

11 Central venous pressure monitoring 145
Rosalind S. Chow and Pamela Dilley

12 Cardiac output monitoring 159
Steve C. Haskins

13 Bedside echocardiography 177
Romain Pariaut

14 Pericardiocentesis 190
Meredith L. Daly

15 Monitoring tissue perfusion: clinicopathologic aids and advanced techniques 198
Brian C. Young

16 Cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation 217
Sean D. Smarick

17 Open-chest cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation 227
Janelle R. Wierenga

18 Defibrillation 235
Matthew S. Mellema, Craig Cornell, and Casey J. Kohen

19 Temporary cardiac pacing 245
Craig Cornell

SECTION III Respiratory 261

20 Oxygen therapy 263
Jennifer Boyle

21 Pulse oximetry and CO-oximetry 274
Devon A. Ayres

22 Blood gas analysis 286
Sarah Gray and Lisa L. Powell

23 Tracheal intubation 293
Jeni Dohner and Rebecca S. Syring

24 Temporary tracheostomy 306
F.A. (Tony) Mann and Mary M. Flanders

25 Artificial airway management 318
Lila K. Sierra and Lesley G. King

26 Capnography 340
Linda S. Barter

27 Mechanical ventilation 349
Kate Hopper

28 Ventilator waveform analysis 357
Deborah Silverstein

29 High-frequency ventilation 374
Jessica Schavone and Elizabeth Rozanski

30 Pleural space drainage 378
Rosemary Lombardi, Emily Savino, and Lori S. Waddell

SECTION IV Urinary and abdominal 393

31 Urethral catheterization 395
Janet Aldrich

32 Urinalysis in acutely and critically ill dogs and cats 409
David J. Polzin and Carl A. Osborne

33 Peritoneal dialysis 421
Diane M. Welsh and Mary Anna Labato

34 Technical management of hemodialysis patients 431
Karen Poeppel and Cathy Langston

35 Peritoneal evaluation 449
Linda Barton and Amanda Adams

36 Specialized gastrointestinal techniques 457
Lisa Smart

37 Postoperative peritoneal drainage techniques 470
Margo Mehl

SECTION V Nutrition 475

38 Nutritional requirements in critical illness 477
Daniel L. Chan

39 Enteral diets for critically ill patients 485
Sally C. Perea

40 Assisted enteral feeding 496
Scott Campbell and Natalie Harvey

41 Parenteral nutrition 513
Jennifer Larsen

SECTION VI Analgesia and anesthesia 523

42 Pain recognition and management 525
Chiara Valtolina and Robert Goggs

43 Systemic analgesia 540
Sarah L. Haldane and Michelle Storay

44 Local analgesia 559
Vicki L. Campbell and Amy Rodriguez

45 Monitoring the anesthetized patient 572
Benjamin M. Brainard and Julie Denton-Schmiedt

46 Nursing care of the long-term anesthetized patient 589
Yekaterina Buriko and Bridget Lyons

SECTION VII Clinicopathologic techniques 599

47 Blood sample collection and handling 601
Lori Baden Atkins

48 In-house hematologic evaluation 611
Karl E. Jandrey and Carine Laporte

49 Electrolyte evaluation 637
Louisa J. Rahilly

50 Acid-base evaluation 651
Steve C. Haskins

51 Osmolality and colloid osmotic pressure 665
Elke Rudloff and Angel Rivera

52 Cytology 672
Rebecca J. Greer and Timothy Koors

53 Blood typing and cross-matching 682
Nicole M. Weinstein and Carolyn A. Sink

SECTION VIII Infection control 693

54 Minimizing nosocomial infection 695
Amanda K. Boag and Katherine Jayne Howie

55 Care of indwelling device insertion sites 708
Elana Moss Benasutti

56 Antiseptics, disinfectants, and sterilization 719
Jennifer Devey and Connie M. Schmidt

57 Personnel precautions for patients with zoonotic disease 728
Megan Patterson Melcher and Christopher G. Byers

SECTION IX Specific nursing considerations 743

58 Drug administration 745
Jane Quandt and Elizabeth Olmstead

59 Administration of biological products 759
Jennifer E. Prittie

60 Blood glucose monitoring and glycemic control 776
Erica L. Reineke

61 Care of the patient with intracranial disease 789
Marie K. Holowaychuk and Sara M. Ostenkamp

62 Care of the environmentally injured animal 799
Michael S. Lagutchik and Adrian Ford

63 Safe handling and care of patients exposed to radioactive and antineoplastic agents 814
Michael S. Kent and Paul Primas

64 Medical charting 820
Karl E. Jandrey and Sharon Fornes

65 Compassion fatigue: healing with a heart 836
Katherine Dobbs

Index 846

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Author Information

Jamie M. Burkitt Creedon, DVM, DACVECC, is Chief of the Emergency and Critical Care service at Red Bank Veterinary Hospital in Cherry Hill, New Jersey.

Harold Davis, RVT, VTS (ECC), is Manager of the Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care Service at the William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital of the University of California at Davis School of Veterinary Medicine.


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The Wiley Advantage

  • Comprehensive, practical reference for advanced technical procedures in emergency and critical care
  • Organized by body system and general topics with an easy-to-use format
  • Provides reliable, hands-on information for the proper performance of monitoring and emergency care techniques
  • Offers well-referenced recommendations to improve the standard of care
  • Written by an expert international team of veterinarians and veterinary technicians
  • Includes access to a companion website presenting images from the book in PowerPoint and protocols as downloadable Word files at www.wiley.com/go/burkittcreedon
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“The cost of the book is appropriate for the value it provides as a unique and useful resource for all practitioners of veterinary emergency and critical care medicine.”  (Vet Med Today, 15 September 2013)

“I think this book is a must-read for all veterinary professionals, especially those in the emergency field. Readers beware: once you pick this book up you may not be able to put it down!”  (Veterinary Information Network, 21 November 2012) 

“This is a complete and well-referenced compilation of relevant information small animal emergency care.”  (Doody’s, 8 February 2013)

"Jamie M. Burkitt Creedon and Harold Davis edit ADVANCED MONITORING AND PROCEDURES FOR SMALL ANIMAL EMERGENCY AND CRITICAL CARE (9780813813370, $129.99), which deserves ongoing recommendation and mention as simply an outstanding practical reference providing hands-on information key to vets and technicians working in the field."  (Midwest Book Reviews, 1 December 2012)

"Advanced Monitoring and Procedures for Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care offers a comprehensive reference key to vets and veterinary technicians involved in emergency and critical care, and comes from a team of veterinarians who provide step-by-step protocols for performing advanced emergency and critical care procedures."  (Midwest Book Reviews, 1 November 2012)

“Anybody, whether in emergency or general practice, who would like a quick reference practical book to improve their treatment of critical care and emergency patients will love this book.  At £79.99 it is good value for money given the huge content contained within it.”  (Veterinary Practice, 1 November 2012)
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Related Websites / Extra

Advanced Monitoring and Procedures for Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care companion website features images from the book in PowerPoint and protocols as downloadable Word files.
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