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Salmon Lice: An Integrated Approach to Understanding Parasite Abundance and Distribution

ISBN: 978-0-8138-1362-2
360 pages
October 2011, Wiley-Blackwell
Salmon Lice: An Integrated Approach to Understanding Parasite Abundance and Distribution (081381362X) cover image
The salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis is adapted to survive in hostile marine environments of the northern hemisphere, including an ability to parasitize several species of salmon.   Salmonids are some of the most economically important and sought after fish for human consumption, and louse parasitism has a significant impact both on cultured and wild fish populations. Salmon Lice is a timely collection of the latest research on the cause and spread of lice infestations and management techniques being designed and implemented to combat this issue.

Salmon Lice provides a thorough single volume review of Lepeophtheirus salmonis, the key parasite standing in the way of sustainable and profitable production of salmonid fishes including salmon, trout and charr. Opening with a review of the biology, morphology, life cycle, and larval behavior of the parasite, Salmon Lice proceeds to review the distribution of planktonic larvae of salmon lice, addresses management techniques used in salmonid aquaculture and capture fisheries, provides a practical assessment of the salmon lice issue and explores potential solutions to the problem.

With comprehensive coverage of the biology and distribution of this harmful and ubiquitous parasite, Salmon Lice will be of value to fish health researchers, aquaculture and fisheries professionals, and seafood industry personnel to inform the management of both cultured and wild salmonid populations.

Key Features:

  • In-depth coverage of a key parasite impacting viability and sustainability of salmonid fisheries and aquaculture
  • Integrates parasite biology and hydrodynamic models in diverse coastal ecosystems
  • Provides a practical assessment of the salmon louse issue

Reviews international salmon louse monitoring and management techniques used in salmonid fisheries and aquaculture

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List of Contributors vii

Foreword by Bob Kabata xi

Preface xiii

Introduction: Lepeophtheirus salmonis—A Remarkable Success Story 1
Craig J. Hayward, Melanie Andrews, and Barbara F. Nowak

Part I: The Distribution and Abundance of Planktonic Larval Stages of Lepeophtheirus salmonis: Surveillance and Modeling

Chapter 1. Modeling the Distribution and Abundance of Planktonic Larval Stages of Lepeophtheirus salmonis in Norway 31
Lars Asplin, Karin K. Boxaspen, and Anne D. Sandvik

Chapter 2. Abundance and Distribution of Larval Sea Lice in Scottish Coastal Waters 51
Alexander G. Murray, Trish L. Amundrud, Michael J. Penston, Campbell C. Pert, and Stuart J. Middlemas

Chapter 3. Sea Louse Abundance on Farmed Salmon in the Southwestern New Brunswick Area of the Bay of Fundy 83
Blythe D. Chang, Fred H. Page, Michael J. Beattie, and Barry W.H. Hill

Chapter 4. Modeling Sea Lice Production and Concentrations in the Broughton Archipelago, British Columbia 117
Dario J. Stucchi, Ming Guo, Michael G.G. Foreman, Piotr Czajko, Moira Galbraith, David L. Mackas, and Philip A. Gillibrand

Part II: Salmon Louse Management on Farmed Salmon

Chapter 5: Salmon Louse Management on Farmed Salmon—Norway 153
Gordon Ritchie and Karin K. Boxaspen

Chapter 6: Ireland: The Development of Sea Lice Management Methods 177
David Jackson

Chapter 7: Salmon Louse Management on Farmed Salmon in Scotland 205
Crawford W. Revie

Chapter 8: Sea Lice Management on Salmon Farms in British Columbia, Canada 235
Sonja M. Saksida, Diane Morrison, Mark Sheppard, and Ian Keith

Part III: Salmon Lice on Wild Salmonids in Coastal Zones: Present Status and Implications

Chapter 9: Present Status and Implications of Salmon Lice on Wild Salmonids in Norwegian Coastal Zones 281
Bengt Finstad and P°al Arne Bjørn

Chapter 10: Lepeophtheirus salmonis on Salmonids in the Northeast Pacific Ocean 307
Simon R.M. Jones and Richard J. Beamish

Index 331

Color plates appear between pages 50 and 51.

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Richard Beamish is Senior Scientist in the Salmon and Freshwater Ecosystems division at the Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada.

Simon Jones is a Research Scientist in Aquatic Animal Health at the Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada.

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