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The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops

ISBN: 978-0-8138-1992-1
512 pages
September 2011, Wiley-Blackwell
The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops (081381992X) cover image
Efforts to increase efficient nutrient use by crops are of growing importance as the global demand for food, fibre and fuel increases and competition for resources intensifies. The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops provides both a timely summary of the latest advances in the field as well as anticipating directions for future research.

 The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops bridges the gap between agronomic practice and molecular biology by linking underpinning molecular mechanisms to the physiological and agronomic aspects of crop yield. These chapters provide an understanding of molecular and physiological mechanisms that will allow researchers to continue to target and improve complex traits for crop improvement.

Written by leading international researchers, The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops will be an essential resource for the crop science community for years to come.

Special Features:

  • coalesces current knowledge in the areas of efficient acquisition and utilization of nutrients by crop plants with emphasis on modern developments
  • addresses future directions in crop nutrition in the light of changing climate patterns including temperature and water availability
  • bridges the gap between traditional agronomy and molecular biology with focus on underpinning molecular mechanisms and their effects on crop yield
  • includes contributions from a leading team of global experts in both research and practical settings
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Preface vii

Contributors ix

Part I: Generic Aspects of Crop Nutrition 3

Chapter 1 An Overview of Nutrient Use Effi ciency and Strategies for Crop Improvement 5
Malcolm J. Hawkesford

Chapter 2 Crop Root Systems and Nutrient Uptake from Soils 21
Peter J. Gregory

Chapter 3 The Role of the Rhizosphere in Nutrient Use Effi ciency in Crops 47
Petra Marschner

Chapter 4 Optimizing Canopy Physiology Traits to Improve the Nutrient Utilization Effi ciency of Crops 65
M. John Foulkes and Erik H. Murchie

Chapter 5 Senescence and Nutrient Remobilization in Crop Plants 83
Per L. Gregersen

Chapter 6 Effects of Nitrogen and Sulfur Nutrition on Grain Composition and Properties of Wheat and Related Cereals 103
Peter R. Shewry

Part II: Nitrogen as a Key Driver of Production 121

Chapter 7 Genetic Improvement of Nutrient Use Effi ciency in Wheat 123
Jacques Le Gouis

Chapter 8 The Molecular Genetics of Nitrogen Use Effi ciency in Crops 139
Bertrand Hirel and Peter J. Lea

Chapter 9 Biotechnological Approaches to Improving Nitrogen Use Effi ciency in Plants: Alanine Aminotransferase as a Case Study 165
Allen G. Good and Perrin H. Beatty

Chapter 10 Transporters Involved in Nitrogen Uptake and Movement 193
Anthony J. Miller and Nick Chapman

Chapter 11 Crop Improvement for Nitrogen Use Effi ciency in Irrigated Lowland Rice 211
Shaobing Peng

Part III: Other Critical Macro- and Micronutrients 227

Chapter 12 Phosphorus as a Critical Macronutrient 229
Carroll P. Vance

Chapter 13 Uptake, Distribution, and Physiological Functions of Potassium, Calcium, and Magnesium 265
Frans J.M. Maathuis and Dorina Podar

Chapter 14 Sulfur Nutrition in Crop Plants 295
Luit J. De Kok, Ineke Stulen, and Malcolm J. Hawkesford

Chapter 15 Iron Nutrition and Implications for Biomass Production and the Nutritional Quality of Plant Products 311
Jean-François Briat

Chapter 16 Zinc in Soils and Crop Nutrition 335
Behzad Sadeghzadeh and Zed Rengel

Chapter 17 Overview of the Acquisition and Utilization of Boron, Chlorine, Copper, Manganese, Molybdenum, and Nickel by Plants and Prospects for Improvement of Micronutrient Use Effi ciency 377
Patrick H. Brown and Elias Bassil

Part IV: Specialized Case Studies 429

Chapter 18 Drought and Implications for Nutrition 431
Eric Ober and Martin A.J. Parry

Chapter 19 Salt Resistance of Crop Plants: Physiological Characterization of a Multigenic Trait 443
Sven Schubert

Chapter 20 Legumes and Nitrogen Fixation: Physiological, Molecular, Evolutionary Perspectives, and Applications 457
Muthusubramanian Venkateshwaran and Jean-Michel Ané

Index 491

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Malcolm J. Hawkesford is Deputy Head of the Plant Sciences Department and Project Leader of the Nutrition Group at Rothamsted Research, UK.

Peter Barraclough formerly a Group Leader in Crop Nutrition at Rothamsted Research, UK, now retired.

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“There are then a series of excellent  individual chapters on phosphorus, the cationic macronutrients potassium, calcium and magnesium, sulphur, iron, zinc and the micronutrients boron, chlorine, copper, manganese, molybdenum and nickel.”  (Experimental Agriculture, 2012)

 

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