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Handbook of Polymer Solution Thermodynamics

ISBN: 978-0-8169-0579-9
184 pages
December 1993
Handbook of Polymer Solution Thermodynamics (0816905797) cover image
Created for engineers and students working with pure polymers and polymer solutions, this handbook provides up-to-date, easy to use methods to obtain specific volumes and phase equilibrium data. A comprehensive database for the phase equilibria of a wide range of polymer-solvent systems, and PVT behavior of pure polymers are given, as are accurate predictive techniques using group contributions and readily available pure component data. Two computer programs on diskettes are included. POLYPROG implements procedures given for prediction and correlation for specific volume of pure polymer liquids and calculation of vapor-liquid equilibria (VLE) of polymer solutions. POLYDATA provides an easy method of accessing the data contained in the many databases in the book. Both disks require a computer with a math coprocessor. This handbook is a valuable resource in the design and operation of many polymer processes, such as polymerization, devolatilization, drying, extrusion, and heat exchange.

Special Details: Hardcover with Disks. Special offer: Purchase this book along with X-131, Handbook of Diffusion and Thermal Properties of Polymers and Polymer Solutions and receive a 20 percent discount off the list or member price.

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Preface.

Chapter 1. Introduction.

A. Objectives of the Handbook of Polymer Solution Thermodynamics.

Chapter 2. Fundamentals of Polymer Solution Thermodynamics.

A. Pure Polymer PVT Behavior.

B. Phase Equilibria Thermodynamics.

C. Modeling Approaches to Polymer Solution Thermodynamics.

D. Lattice Models.

1. Flory-Huggins Model.

2. Solubility Parameters and the Flory-Huggins Model.

3. Modifications of the Flory-Huggins Model.

4. Sanchez-Lacombe Equation of State.

5. Panayiotou-Vera Equation of State.

6. Kumar Equation of State.

7. High-Danner Equation of State.

8. Oishi-Prausnitz Activity Coefficient Model.

E. Van Der Waals Models.

1. Flory Equation of State.

2. Chen, Fredenslund, and Rasmussen Equation of State.

F. Liquid-Liquid Equilibria of Polymer Solutions.

1. Thermodynamics of Liquid-Liquid Equilibria.

2. Types of Liquid-Liquid Equilibria.

3. Models for Liquid-Liquid Equilibria.

4. Computation of Liquid-Liquid Equilibria Compositions.

5. Parameter Estimation from Liquid-Liquid Equilibria Data.

6. Sample Correlations of Liquid-Liquid Equilibria Data.

G. Effect of Polydispersion.

Chapter 3. Recommended Procedures.

A. Selection of Models.

1. Correlation of Pure Polymer PVT Behavior.

2. Prediction of Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium.

B. Procedure: Method for Estimating The Specific Volume Of A Pure Polymer Liquid.

1. Method.

2. Procedure.

3. Limitations and Reliability.

4. Comments.

5. Literature Sources.

6. Examples.

C. Procedure: Oishi-Prausnitz Method For Estimating The Activity Coefficients of Solvents in Polymer Solutions.

1. Method.

2. Procedure.

3. Limitations and Reliability.

4. Comments.

5. Literature Sources.

6. Example.

D. Procedure: Chen-Fredenslund-Rasmussen Equations of State For Estimating the Activity Coefficients of Solvents in Polymer Solutions.

1. Method.

2. Procedure.

3. Limitations and Reliability.

4. Literature Source.

5. Example.

E. Procedure: High-Danner Equation of State for Estimating The Activity Coefficient of a Solvent In A Polymer Solution.

1. Method.

2. Procedure.

3. Limitations and Reliability.

4. Literature Sources.

5. Example.

F. Procedure: Flory-Huggins Correlations For Vapor-Liquid Equilibria of Polymer Solvent Systems.

1. Method.

2. Procedure.

3. Limitations and Reliability.

4. Literature Source.

5. Example.

Chapter 4. Polymer Data Base.

A. Introduction.

B. Experimental Methods.

1. Inverse Gas Chromatography(IGC).

2. Piezoelectric Sorption (PZS).

3. Differential Vapor Pressure (DVP).

4. Gravimetric Sorption (GS).

5. Light Scattering (LS).

6. Ultracentrifuge (UC).

7. Turbidimetry (TB).

8. Microanalytical (MA).

9. Ultraviolet Spectrometry (UVS) and Infrared Spectrometry (IRS).

10. Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC).

C. Data Reduction Procedures.

1. Pure Polymer PVT Data.

2. Finite Dilution Flory Chi Parameter.

3. Infinite Dilution Flory Chi Parameter.

4. Differential Vapor Pressure, Gravimetric Sorption, and Piezoelectric Sorption Methods.

5. Gas Chromatograph Data at Infinite Dilution.

6. Henry's Law Constant.

7. Osmotic Pressure Data.

D. Listings of Systems Included In Data Bases.

1. Pure Polymer PVT Data.

2. Finite Concentration VLE Data.

3. Infinite Dilution VLE Data.

4. Binary Liquid-Liquid Equilibria Data.

5. Ternary Liquid-Liquid Equilibria Data.

Chapter 5. Computer Programs.

A. Phase Equilibria Calculations - Polyprog.

1. Installation.

2. Features.

3. Tutorial Session.

B. Data Retrieval - Polydata.

1. Installation.

2. Features.

3. Tutorial Session.

C. File Formats Used By Polydata.

1. Pure Polymers.

2. Infinitely Dilute Solvent Weight Fraction Activity Coefficients (WFAC).

3. Finite Concentration Solvent Weight Fraction Activity Coefficients (WFAC).

4. Binary LLE.

5. Ternary LLE.

6. Bibliographic Sources.

7. Polymer Synonyms.

Chapter 6. Appendices.

A. Glossary of Terms.

B. Standard Polymer Abbreviations.

C. Nomenclature.

D. Units and Conversion Factors.

1. Units and Symbols.

2. Prefixes.

3. Usage Format.

4. Conversion.

E. Text References.

F. Data References.

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