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Abalone of the World: Biology, Fisheries and Culture

S. A. Shepard (Editor), Mia J. Tegner (Editor), S. A. Guzman del Proo (Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-85238-181-6
624 pages
July 1992, Wiley-Blackwell
Abalone of the World: Biology, Fisheries and Culture (0852381816) cover image
This comprehensive volume contains some sixty papers and reviews presented at the First International Symposium on Abalone Biology, Fisheries and Culture held in La Paz, Mexico. Introductory reviews in the book focus on the evolutionary origin, radiation and modern relationships of the genus Haliotis. Further papers review aspects of the reproductive process, larval energetics, mechanisms of larval settlement, and the ecology of settlement. Feeding deterrents and attractants, and the relation between food and growth are reviewed in a later section of authoritative papers. The natural mortality of abalone and its causes, predators and diseases are thoroughly reviewed. Several papers summarise information on the withering syndrome afflicting black abalone in California. A series of excellent papers and reviews then consider the problems of managing abalone fisheries. The models used are reviewed and examples given of the application of models to specific fisheries. Further papers provide new information on stock enhancement and the book concludes with case studies of the eight major abalone fisheries of the world with a review of the management of each. The book is divided into eight sections as follows: Part I - Evolution and distributuion. Part II - Physiology, genetics, reproduction. Part III - Larval ecology and settlement. Part IV - Feeding, growth. Part V - Marketing, disease and predators. Part VI - Fishery biology, modelling. Part VII - Case studies of fisheries. Part VIII - Culture.
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Preface.

Acknowledgements.

Keynote address.

PART I: EVOLUTION, DISTRIBUTION AND GENETICS.

1. Evolution, distribution and systematics of Haliotidae (David R. Lindberg).

2. Genetic relationships within the genus Haliotis (L.D. Brown and N.D. Murrray).

3. Population genetics, gene flow, and stock structure in Haliotis rubra and Haliotis laevigata (L.D. Brown and N.D. Murray).

4. Water movement and the ecology and evolution of the Haliotidae (Brian N,. Tissot).

PART II: PHYSIOLOGY AND REPRODUCTION.

5. Review of endocrine regulation of reproduction in abalone Haliotis spp (Kirk O. Hahn).

6. Abalone egg vitelline layers and hybrid gamete interactions (Cynthia L. Lewis, Robin Eickhoff, Charles Stringham, Kirk Milhoan and Kevin tubgbs).

7. The effects of gas supersaturation on the behaviour, growth and mortality of red abalone, Halioits rufescens (Sawainson) (Amy Leitman).

8. Fecundity and optimal sperm density for fertilization in the ormer (Haliiotis tuberculata L.).

PART III: LARVAL ECOLOGY AND SETTLEMENT.

9. Implications of dissolved organic material in seawater for the energetics of abalone larvae Haliotis rufescens: a review (Donal T. Manahan and William B. Jaeckle).

10. Molecular mechanism controlling metamorphosis and recruitment in abalone larvae (Daniel E. Morse).

11. Early life history of abalone: a review (Paul E. Mcshane).

PART IV: FEEDING AND GROWTH.

12. The determinants and measurement of abalone growth (R.W. Day and A.E. Fleming).

13. Food preferences of three Australian abalone species with a review of the algal food of abalone (S.A. Shephard and P.D. Steinberg).

14. Algal feeding stimulants for abalone (Kanzo Sakata and Kazuo Ina).

15. Feeding attraction activity of fragrant and pungent spice extracts in black abalone, Haliotis discus (Katsuhiko Harada).

PART V: DISEASES.

16. Investigations into a mortality among populations of the California Black abalone, Haliotis cracherodii, on the central coast of California, USA (J.R. Stenbeck, J.M. Groff, C.S. Freidman, T. Mcdowell and R.P. Hedrick).

17. Mass mortality and withering syndrome in black abalone, Haliotis cracherodii, in California (Peter L. Haaker, Daniel V. Richards, Carolyn S. Friedman, Gary E. Davis, David O. Parker and Heidi A. Togstad).

18. Aspects of the biology of the black abalone (Haliotis cracherodii) near Diablo Canyon, central California (James B. Blecha, David C. Sommerville and J ohn R,. Steinbeck).

19. Abalone population declines and fishery management in southern California (Gary E. David, Daniel V. Richards, Peter L. Haaker adn David O. Parker).

PART VI: FISHERY BIOLOGY.

20. A review of models used for stock assessment in abalone fisheries (Paul A. Breen).

21. Mortality in abalone: its estimation, variability and causes (S.A. Shepherd and P.A. Breen).

22. Using a spatial model to explore the dynamics of an exploited stock of the abalone Haliotis rubra (Jeremy D. Prince).

23. An evaluation of egg-per-recruit analysis as a means of assessing size limits for blacklip abalone (Haliotis rubra) in Tasmania (Warwick J. Nash).

PART VII: CASE STUDIE OF ABALONE FISHERIES.

24. A review of the biology of abalone and its fishery in Mexico (Sergio A. Guzman Del Proo).

25. Alternativas cientificas para la recuperacion de los recursos abuloneros de la Baja California, Mexico: administracion, biologico-pesquera y acuacultura (Scientific alternatives for the recovery of abalone resources of Baja California, Mexico) (Rodolfo Ramirez-Granados).

26. The California red abalone fishery: a case study in complexity (Mia J. Tegner, John D. Demartini and Konstantin A. Karpov).

27. Case histories for three species of California abalone, Haliotis corrugata, H. Fulgens and H. cracherodii (David O. Parker, Peter L. Haaker and Heidi A. Togstad).

28. Fisheries Management and biology of northern abalone, Haliotis Kamtschatkana, in the northeast Pacific (S. Farlinger and A. Campbell).

29. Australian abalone fisheries and their management (J.D. Prince and S.A. Shepherd).

30. The paua (abalone) fishery of New Zealand (David R. Schiel).

31. The abalone fishery of South Africa (Robert J.Q. Tarr).

32. The Sultanate of Oman abalone fishery (D.W. Johnson, Ali Al-Harassy adn Mohm'D Al-Harthy).

33. The ormer (Haliotisw tuberculata) fishery of France and the Channel Islands (Jacques Clavier).

PART VIII: STOCK ENHANCEMENT : INTRODUCTIONS.

34. Brood-stock transplants as an approach to abalone stock enhancement (Mia J. Tegner).

35. The enhancement of paua (Haliotis iris Martyn) populations in New Zealand (David R. Schiel).

36. The introduction of abalone into Chile (Cecilia Godoy, Gabriel Jerez and Francisco Ponce).

PART IX: CULTURE.

37. Review of genetics and stock management of the Pacific abalone (K. Fujino).

38. Review of the nutritional requirement of abalone (Haliotis spp._ and development of more efficient artificial diets (Nagahisa Uki and Takeshi Watanabe).

39. A study of polyspermy in abalone (Jose Luis Stephano).

40. Growth models and food conversion of cultured juvenile red abalone (Haliotis refescens) (Jennifer L. Greenier adn John Y. Takeawa).

41. Desarrollo y estado actual del cultivo de abulon en Mexico (Development and present status of abalone culture in Mexico) (Alfredo E. Salas Garza and Ricardo Searcy Bernal).

42. Investigaciones en Mexico sobre la etapa critica de la produccion de semilla de abulon (Haliotis spp.) (Research in Mexico on the critical stage of abalone (Haliotis spp.) seed production) (Ricardo Sarcy Bernal, Alfredo E. Salas Garza and Roberto A. Flores Aguilar).

43. Produciion de semilla de abulon en el laboratrio: el metodo de Bahia Tortugas BCS, Mexico (Abaloen seed production in the laboratory) (Jose Manuel Mazon-Suastegui, Luis Bazua-Sicre, Gustavo Lucero-Martinez and Ruben Rodriquez -Ramos.

44. Abalone aquaculture: a North America regional review (Early E. Evert).

45. The New Zealand culture system for abalone (L.J. Tong and G.A. Moss).

46. A review of abalone culture in China (Zong Qing Nie).

Index.

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* makes available for the first time global information on all aspects of abalone biology and culture with the very latest information on culture technology
* editors and contributors are of international repute
* addresses the urgent need to improve management and conserve stocks
* emphasises the need to meet demand through cultured stock to protect dwindling wild stock
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