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Riparian Vegetation and Fluvial Geomorphology

Sean J. Bennett (Editor), Andrew Simon (Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-87590-357-6
282 pages
January 2004, American Geophysical Union
Riparian Vegetation and Fluvial Geomorphology (0875903576) cover image

Description

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Water Science and Application Series, Volume 8.

Riparian Vegetation and Fluvial Geomorphology presents important new perspectives for the experimentalist, the field practitioner, the theorist, and the modeler, offering a synthesis of scientific advances along with discussions of unresolved problems and research opportunities. The volume is structured in five sections.
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Table of Contents

Preface  vii

Part 1. Introduction

Riparian Vegetation and Fluvial Geomorphology: Problems and Opportunities
Andrew Simon, Sean d. Bennett, and Vincent S. Neary  1

Part 2. Experimental and Theoretical Studies

Flow, Turbulence, and Resistance in a Flume with Simulated Vegetation"
Marcelo H. Garcia, Fabian Lopez, Chad Dunn, and Carlos V. Alonso  11

Effects of Emergent Riparian Vegetation on Spatially Averaged and Turbulent Flow Within
an Experimental Channel
Sean d. Bennett  29

Riparian Vegetation as a Primary Control on Channel Characteristics in Multi-thread Rivers
Michal Tal, Karen Gran, A. Brad Murray, Chris Paola, and D. Murray Hicks  43

Transport Mechanics of Stream-Borne Logs
Carlos V. Alonso  59

The Role of Riparian Shrubs in Preventing Floodplain Unraveling along the Clark Fork of the Columbia
River in the Deer Lodge Valley, Montana
D. Dungan Smith 71

Part 3. Large Woody Debris

Spatial Pattern of Turbulence Kinetic Energy and Shear Stress in a Meander Bend
With Large Woody Debris
Melinda D. Daniels and Bruce L. Rhoads  87

Patterns of Wood and Sediment Storage Along Debris-flow Impacted Headwater Channels in
Old-Growth and Industrial Forests of the Western Olympic Mountains, Washington
Jeremy T. Bunn and David R. Montgomery  99

Part 4. Bank Erosion and Channel Stability

Root-Soil Mechanics and Interactions
Donald H. Gray and David Barker  113

Advances in Assessing the Mechanical and Hydrologic Effects of Riparian Vegetation on
Streambank Stability
Natasha Pollen, Andrew Simon, andAndrew Collison  125

The Influence of Trees on Stream Bank Erosion: Evidence from Root-Plate Abutments
Ian D. Rutherfors and James R. Grove  141

Effects of Riparian Vegetation on Stream Channel Stability and Sediment Budgets
Stanley W. Trimble  153

Flow, Sediment, and Nutrient Transport in a Riparian Mangrove
S. Ikeda, Y. Akamatsu, and Y. Toda  171

Part 5. Floodplains and Watershed Processes

Sedimentation in Floodplains of Selected Tributaries of the Chesapeake Bay
K. M. Ross, C. R. Hupp, and A. D. Howard  187

Vegetation Propagule Dynamics and Fluvial Geomorphology
A. M. Gurnell, J. M. Goodson, P. G. Angold, I. P. Morrissey, G. E. Petts, and J. Steiger  209

Floodplain Stabilization by Woody Riparian Vegetation During an Extreme Flood
Eleanor R. Griffin and J. Dungan Smith  221

Part 6. Numerical Studies

Flow and Boundary Shear Stress in Channels With Woody Bank Vegetation
Jason W. Kean and J. Dungan Smith  237

A Depth-Averaged Two-Dimensional Numerical Model of Flow and Sediment Transport in
Open Channels With Vegetation
Weiming Wu and Sam S. Y. Wang  253

Numerical Modeling of Bed Topography and Bank Erosion Along Tree-Lined Meandering Rivers
Marco J. Van De Wiel and Stephen E. Darby  267

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