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Particle Acceleration in Astrophysical Plasmas: Geospace and Beyond, Volume 156

Dennis Gallagher (Editor), James Horwitz (Editor), Joseph Perez (Editor), Robert Preece (Editor), John Quenby (Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-87590-421-4
278 pages
January 2005, American Geophysical Union
Particle Acceleration in Astrophysical Plasmas: Geospace and Beyond, Volume 156 (0875904211) cover image
Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 156.

Space is dominated by plasma and a myriad of physical processes through which it has been evolving for billions of years. In our effort to understand what the universe has been and what it will become, we turn to the nature of matter, space, and the various interactions that change this environment. Our contact with the remote regions of the universe is dominated by the photons and high-energy particles produced there long ago, with light often the result of physical processes that involve particles accelerated to high energy. Developing our knowledge of particle acceleration across all spatial scales and energies is one of the keys to understanding the evolving universe. It is also the subject of this book.
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Preface
D. L. Gallagher, J. L Horwitz, J. D. Perez, R. D. Preece, and J. J. Quenby vii

Introduction to Particle Acceleration in the Cosmos
D. L. Gallagher, J. L. Horwitz, J. D. Perez, and J. J. Quenby  1

Shock Acceleration

Diffusive Shock Acceleration in Astrophysics
J. J. Quenby and A. Meli 9

On Bow Shock Source of Cusp Energetic Ions
Shen-Wu Chang and Karlheinz J. Trattner 21

Generation of Diamagnetic Cavities at the Bow Shock by Ion Kinetic Effects
Yu Lin 31

Diffusive Compression Acceleration
Joe Giacalone, Jack R. Jokipii, and Jozsef Kota 41

Particle Acceleration and Transport at CME-Driven Shocks: A Case Study
Gang Li, G. P. Zank, M. I. Desai, G M. Mason, and W.K.M. Rice 51

Cosmic Ray Acceleration at Relativistic Shock Waves With a "Realistic" Magnetic Field Structure
Jacek Niemiec and Michal Ostrowski 59

Kinetics of Particles in Relativistic Collisionless Shocks
Mikhail V. Medvedev, Luis O. Silva, Ricardo A. Fonseca, J. W. Tonge, and Warren B. Mori 65

Studies of Relativistic Shock Acceleration
A. Meli and J. J. Quenby 71

Energy Spectra of Energetic Ions Around Quasi-Parallel Shocks
T. Sugijama, M. Fujimoto, and H. Matsumoto 87

Particle Acceleration in Shell Supernova Remnants: Observational Evidence
Stephen P. Reynolds 97

Waves and Turbulence Acceleration Overview: Particle Acceleration by Waves and Turbulence
Robert Y. Lysak 107

The Connection Between Parallel Electric Fields and Ion Acceleration in Astrophysical Plasmas
F.J. Lund 109

Simulation Study of Beam-Plasma Interaction and Associated Acceleration of Background Ions
X. Y. Wang and Y. Lin 117

Particle Acceleration and Current Disruption From the Cross-Field Current Instability
Anthony T. Y. Lui 125

Magnetic Energy Storage and Stochastic Acceleration

The Role of Electron Acceleration in Quick Reconnection Triggering
Masaki Fujimoto and Iku Shinohara 139

The Hall Current System for Magnetic Reconnection in the Magnetotail
T. Nagai and M. Fujimoto 149

Plasma Acceleration due to Transition Region Reconnection
J. Buchner, B. Nikutowski, and A. Otto 161

RHESSI Observations of Particle Acceleration in Solar Flares
R. P. Lin 171

Magnetohydrodynamic Analysis of the January 20, 2001, CME-CME Interaction Effect
A. H. Wang, S. T. Wu, and N. Gopalswamy 185

The Quadrupole as a Source of Cusp Energetic Particles: I. General Considerations
Robert B. Sheldon, Theodore A. Fritz, and Jiasheng Chen 197

Adiabatic, Diffusive, and Double Layer Acceleration

Electron Phasespace Density Analysis Based on Test-Particle Simulations of Magnetospheric
Compression Events
Jennifer L. Cannon and Xinlin Li 205

Parameterization of Ring Current Adiabatic Energization
M. W. Liemohn and G. V. Khazanov 215

Interrelation Among Double Layers, Parallel Electric Fields, and Density Depletions
Nagendra Singh 231

Acceleration and Outflow of Matter From Celestial Objects
Rickard Lundin, Stanislav Barabash, and Anatol Guglielmi 249

Studies of Exotic Acceleration Processes and Fundamental Physics

Exotic Acceleration Processes and Fundamental Physics
Giovanni Amelino-Camelia 265

Improving Limits on Planck-Scale Lorentz Symmetry Test Theories
Giovanni Amelino-Camelia 269

Spectral Evolution of Two High-Energy Gamma-Ray Bursts
Yuki Kaneko, Robert D. Preece, Maria Magdalena Gonzalez, Brenda L. Dingus, and Michael S. Briggs 275

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