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The Nordic Seas: An Integrated Perspective Oceanography, Climatology, Biogeochemistry, and Modeling, Volume 158

Helge Drange (Editor), Trond Dokken (Editor), Tore Furevik (Editor), Rudiger Gerdes (Editor), Wolfgang Berger (Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-87590-423-8
366 pages
January 2005, American Geophysical Union
The Nordic Seas: An Integrated Perspective Oceanography, Climatology, Biogeochemistry, and Modeling, Volume 158 (0875904238) cover image
Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 158.

The world's largest positive temperature deviation from zonal mean temperatures lies within the realm of the Nordic Seas, comprising bodies of water variously referred to as the Norwegian Sea, the Iceland Sea, and the Greenland Sea. Its role as a mixing cauldron for waters entering from the North Atlantic and the Arctic Oceans, and its function as a major source of deep and abyss water, make our understanding of the Nordic Seas a crucial element in advancing the knowledge of climate dynamics in the Northern Hemisphere. In this context, its small extent (covering only 0.75% of the area of the world's oceans) and its unique location, which allows for accessibility and detailed exploration, are of special significance. The current book speaks to that significance specifically and also to assessing the region's present and future response to, and influence on, global climate change. It is the first such work since B. G. Hurdle's groundbreaking The Nordic Seas (published in 1986).
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Preface
Helge Drange, Trond Dokken, Tore Furevik, Rudiger Gerdes, and Wolfgang Berger vii

The Nordic Seas: An Overview
Helge Drange, Trond Dokken, Tore Furevik, Rudiger Gerdes, Wolfgang Berger, Atle Nesje,
Kjel lArild Orvik, Oystein Skagseth, Ingunn Skjelvan, and Svein Osterhus   1

Oceanography

The Nordic Seas, Main Oceanographic Features
Johan Blindheim and Svein Osterhus  11

Sea-Ice Extent and Variability in the Nordic Seas, 1967-2002
BorgeK vingedal  39

Annual Sea Surface Height Variability in the Nordic Seas
Kjell Arne Mork and Oystein Skagseth 51

The Mean Sea Level Pressure Gradient Across the Denmark Strait as an Indicator
of Conditionsin the North Icelandic Irminger Current
Johan Blindheirn and Svend-Aage Maimberg 65

Dense-Water Production and Overflow From an Arctic Coastal Polynya in Storfjorden
Ragnheid Skogsethl, Iker Fer, and Peter M . Haugan 73

Pathways and Export of Greenland Sea Water
Tor Eldevik, Fiarnmetta Straneo, Anne Britt Sando, and Tore Furevik  89

Meteorology

Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulation Variability and Its Impacts on the Nordic Seas Ocean
Climate--A Review
Tore Furevik and J. Even O. Nilsen  105

Wintertime Nordic Seas Cyclone Variability and Its Impact on Oceanic Volume Transports
Into the Nordic Seas
Asgeir Sorteberg, Nils Gunnar Kvamsto, and Oyvind Byrkjedal 137

Biogeochemistry

A Review of the Inorganic Carbon Cycle of the Nordic Seas and Barents Sea
IngunnS kjelvan, Are Olsen, Leif G. Anderson, Richard G. J. Bellerby, Eva Falck,
Yoshie Kasajima, Caroline Kivimae, Abdirahman Omar, Francisco R ey, K . Anders Olsson 157


Sea-Ice and Brine Formation in Storfjorden: Implications for the Arctic Wintertime Air-Sea
CO2 Flux
Abdirahman Omar, Truls Johannessen, Richard J. Bellerby, Are Olsen, Leif G. Anderson, and Caroline Kivimoe  177

Response of the Surface Ocean CO2 System in the Nordic S as and Northern North Atlantic
to Climate Change
Richard G. J. Bellerby, Are Olsen, Tore Furevik, and Leif G. Anderson   189

Modelling

Ocean General Circulation Modelling of the Nordic Seas
Helge Drange, Rudiger Gerdes, Yongq Giao, Michael Karcher, Frank Kauker, and Mats Bentsen   199

Simulated History of Convection in the Greenland and Labrador Seas,1 948-2001
Rudiger Gerdes, Jorg Hurka, Michael Karcher, Frank Kauker, and Cornelia Koberle  221

Seasonatlo Decadal Temperature Variations in the Faroe-Shetland in flow Waters
Hjalmar HatLun, Anne Britt and, Helge Drange, and Mats Bentsen   239

Convective Chimneys and Plumes in the Northern Greenland S ea
Ola M. Johannessen, Kjetil Lygre, and Tor  ldevik  251

Northern  igh-Latitude Climate Changes During the Holocene as Simulated by Circulation Models
G. Lohmann, S.J . Lorenz, and M. Prange   273

Paleoceanography

Holocene Climate Variability in the Northern North Atlantic Region: A Review
of Terrestrial and Marine Evidence
Atle Nesje, Eystein Jansen, H. John B. Birks, Anne Elisabeth Bjune, Jostein Bakke, Carin Andersson,
Svein Olaf Dahl, Dorthe  litgaard Kristensen, Stein-Erik Lauritzenoy vind Lie, Bjorg Risebrobakken, and John-inge Svendsen   289

Extent and Variability of the Meridional Atlantic Circulation in the Eastern Nordic Seas
During Marine Isotope Stage5 and Its Influence on the Inception of the Last Glacial
Bjorg Risebrobakken, Trond Dokken, and Eystein Jansen   323

Exploratory Comparisons of Quantitative Temperature Estimates Over the Last Deglaciation
in Norway and the Norwegian Sea
Hilary H. Birks, Dorthe  litgaard Kristensen, Trond M. Dokken, and Carin Andersson  341

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