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Explosive Subaqueous Volcanism, Volume 140

James D. L. White (Editor), John L. Smellie (Editor), David A. Clague (Editor)
ISBN: 978-0-87590-999-8
392 pages
January 2003, American Geophysical Union
Explosive Subaqueous Volcanism, Volume 140 (087590999X) cover image

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 140.

Subaqueous explosive eruptions are common, and in earth's early history were ubiquitous. Although they are unlike eruptions we find on land, they operate with the same fundamental processes. Deep-sea eruptions modify important seafloor hydrothermal systems and their coupled habitats for extremophile organisms, and large eruptions on the continental shelf presumably have as yet unknown effects on a wide range of marine organisms. Shallow eruptions that can affect shipping lanes and threaten coastal environments, either directly or by generation of tsunami, also appear to produce deposits and conditions closely linked with formation of significant chunks of the world's mineral resources.

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Preface
James White ix

Introduction
James D. L White, John L Smellie, and David A. Clague 1

Section I: Subaqueous Eruption Dynamics

Water/Magma Interaction: Physical Considerations for the Deep Submarine Environment
Kenneth H. Wohletz 25

Phreatomagmatic Explosions in Subaqueous Volcanism
Bernd Zimanowski and Ralf Buttner 51

Melting of Ice by Magma-Ice-Water Interactions During Subglacial Eruptions
as an Indicator of Heat Transfer in Subaqueous Eruptions
Magnus T. Gudmundsson 61

Pyroclastic and Hydroclastic Deposits on Loihi Seamount, Hawaii
David A. Clague, R. Batiza, James W. Head III, and Alice S. Davis 73

Large-Scale Interaction of Lake Water and Rhyolitic Magma During the 1.8 kaTaupo Eruption, New Zealand
B. F. Houghton, B. J. Hobden, K V. Cashman, C J. N. Wilson, and R. T. Smith 97

Section II: Explosive Eruptions in the Modern Deep Sea

Submarine Strombolian Eruptions on the Gorda Mid-Ocean Ridge
David A. Clague, Alice S. Davis, and Jacqueline E. Dixon 111

Hyaloclastite from Miocene Seamounts Offshore Central California:
Compositions, Eruption Styles, and Depositional Processes
Alice S. Davis and David A. Clague 129

Recent MORB Volcaniclastic Explosive Deposits Formed Between 500 and 1750 m.b.s.l.
on the Axis of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, South of the Azores
Jean-Philippe Eissen, Yves Fouquet, Delphine Hardy, Helene Ondreas 143

Section III: Explosive Shallow-Marine (Surteyan) Eruptions and Their Kin

A Cluster Of Surtseyan Volcanoes at Lookout Bluff, North Otago, New Zealand:
Aspects of Edifice Spacing and Time
Doris Maicher 167

Eruptive and Depositional Mechanisms of an Eocene Shallow Submarine Volcano,
Moeraki Peninsula, New Zealand
Benjamin Andrews 179

A Subaqueous Eruption Model For Shallow-Water, Small Volume Eruptions:
Evidence From Two Precambrian Examples
Wulf U. Mueller 189

Basaltic Lava Balloons Produced During the 1998-2001 Serreta Submarine Ridge Eruption (Azores)
Joao L. Gaspar, Gabriela Queiroz, Jose M. Pacheco, Teresa Ferreira, Nicolau Wallenstein, Maria H. Almeida, and Rui Coutinho 205

Section III: Pumiceous Subsea Silicic Eruptions From the Modern Seafloor

Subaqueous Pumice Eruptions and Their Products: A Review
K. Kano 213

Submarine Silicic Calderas on the Northern Shichito-lwojima Ridge,
Izu-Ogasawara (Bonin) Arc, Western Pacific
Makoto Yuasa and Kazuhiko Kano 231

Section IV: Subaqueous Pumiceous Deposits and Their Interpretation

Submarine, Silicic, Syn-Eruptive Pyroclastic Units in the Mount Read Volcanics, Western Tasmania:
Influence of Vent Setting and Proximity on Lithofacies Characteristics
Jocelyn McPhie and Rodney L. Allen 245

Vesiculation and Eruption Processes of Submarine Effusive and Explosive Rocks
from the Middle Miocene Ogi Basalt, Sado Island, Japan
Norie Fujibayashi and Umio Sakai 259

The Submarine Record of a Large-Scale Explosive Eruption in the Vanuatu Arc:
~1 Ma Efate Pumice Formation
Alison M. Raos and Jocelyn McPhie 273

Products of Explosive Subaqueous Felsic Eruptions Based on Examples From the Hellenic Island Arc, Greece
S. R. Allen and A.L. Stewart 285

Miocene Submarine Fire Fountain Deposits, Ryugazaki Headland, Oshoro Peninsula, Hokkaido, Japan:
Implications for Submarine Fountain Dynamics and Fragmentation Processes
R. A. F. Cas, H. Yamagishi, L. Moore and C. Scutter 299

An Archean Submarine Pyroclastic Flow Due to Submarine Dome Collapse:
The Hurd Deposit, Harker Township, Ontario, Canada
C. R. Scott, D. Richard, and A. D. Fowler 317


Section V: Economic Significance of Explosive Submarine Eruptions

Deep Marine Pumice from the Woodlark and Manus Basins, Papua New Guinea
Raymond A. Binns 329

Morphology, Distribution, and Estimated Eruption Volumes for Intracaldera Tuffs Associated With Volcanic-Hosted Massive Sulfide Deposits in the Archean Sturgeon Lake Caldera Complex, Northwestern Ontario
George J. Hudak, Ronald L Morton, James M. Franklin, and Dean. M. Peterson 345

Analysis of VHMS-Hosting Ignimbrites Erupted at Bathyal Water Depths
(Ordovican Bald Mountain Sequence, Northern Maine)
Lowell G. Kessel and Cathy J. Busby 361

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