Building and Renovating Schools: Design, Construction Management, Cost Control
The contributors to this book – architects, construction project managers, contractors, and estimators who specialize in school construction – provide start-to-finish, expert guidance on the process.
Includes guidance on:
- Planning and design
- Selecting a design team
- Green design standards and technologies
- Integrating computer and building automation technology
- Security equipment, design approaches and cost issues
- Design considerations for specialty spaces like performing arts centers, library/media centers, computer labs, and science and art classrooms.
About the Authors and Contributors.
Part I: Planning & Design.
Chapter 1: Programming and Pre-Design.
The Need for Programming and Pre-Design.
Procurement of Facilities Planning and Architectural Services.
The Planning Study.
Development of a Facility Space Program.
Analysis of Existing Conditions of School Facilities.
Preparing an Information Database for Planning.
Development of Planning Solutions.
Preparation of a Facility Planning Document.
Selection of a Design Team: Architect and Engineers.
Chapter 2: Green Design.
The History of Green Design.
The Importance of Green Design for Schools.
Economics of Green Design.
How to Implement Green Design.
Green Design Technologies.
Chapter 3: Integration of Technology.
Technology Integration Defined.
Integration of Technology into a School Design.
The Technology Infrastructure: The Network.
Developing Technology Trends in Education: Moving from Pilot Programs to Mainstream.
The Transformation of a School.
Chapter 4: Integration of Security.
Social Background of School Security Issues.
Components of a Security Incident.
Security Design Strategies.
Physical and IT Security.
Auditing a School Facility.
Security Through Environmental Design.
Physical Security Through Technology.
Chapter 5: Specialty Spaces.
Schools as Community Resources.
Performing Arts Centers.
Computer Labs and Training Rooms.
Part II: The Construction Process.
Chapter 6: Cost Estimating.
Organizing the Estimate: Work Breakdown Structures.
Contractor Estimates vs. Owner Estimates.
Order of Magnitude Cost Estimates.
Occupant Unit Cost Estimates.
Square Foot Cost Estimates.
Assemblies Cost Estimates.
Unit Price Estimates.
Historical Cost Data.
Change Order Cost Estimates.
Reviewing Estimates Prepared by Others.
Special Considerations in Estimating School Projects.
Cost Impacts on Government-Funded Schools.
Alternative Construction Approaches.
Preservation of Older Schools.
Green Building Costs.
Value Engineering and Life Cycle Cost Evaluation.
Chapter 7: Scheduling a School Construction Project.
Types of Schedules.
Practical Schedule Applications.
Schedule Variations and Purposes.
The Schedule Review Process.
Monitoring Job Progress: The Three Steps.
Using the Schedule for Progress Payments.
Key Scheduling Issues for Schools.
Chapter 8: Types of Contracts and Contractor Selection.
The Selection and Award Process for Construction Contracts.
Financial Risks Associated with Construction Projects.
Project Delivery Methods.
The Selection Process.
Qualifying Firms for Construction and Related Work.
Chapter 9: The Importance of Project Management.
Why Project Management?
Selecting a Project Manager.
Duties of a Project Manager (PM).
Chapter 10: Managing the School Construction/Renovation Process.
The Project Team.
Project Expectations Workshop.
Phasing Plan for Construction.
Managing the Move.
Part III: Case Studies of Completed School Projects.
Part IV: School Construction Costs.
About the Authors
Drummey Rosane Anderson, Inc. (DRA), author of the planning and design section, is an award-winning, Boston-based architecture firm that has specialized in the design of educational facilities for over 80 years.
Joseph Macaluso, CCC, is a construction cost estimator with experience on numerous school construction projects for New York State's economic development agency.
David Lewek is president of a construction project management firm specializing in large public school projects in New England.
Brian C. Murphy, a development manager for the Beck Group in Florida, has overseen construction of a wide variety of educational facility projects.
The construction cost data was provided by RSMeans, North America's leading publisher of construction cost and reference data for more than 60 years.RSMeans is a product line of Reed Construction Data.