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The History of Texas, 4th Edition

ISBN: 978-0-88295-255-0
503 pages
August 2007, ©2007, Wiley-Blackwell
The History of Texas, 4th Edition (0882952552) cover image


The principle that all people make history continues to drive the Fourth Edition of our well-loved text, one that considers carefully the different cultures within the state as well as the unique heritage shared by all Texans.

Unlike other surveys of the Lone Star State, The History of Texas goes beyond accounts of well-known figures to consider the lives of ordinary Texans, as seen in the continued and expanded coverage of topics such as agriculture, industrialization, urbanization, economic disparity, migration patterns, and demographic change. Like its predecessors, the Fourth Edition features the history of folklore, music, literature, sports, religion, and other important aspects of Texas culture that help determine the flavor of Texas, past and present.

In response to the feedback of instructors and students alike, this edition has been reedited and revised, making it more accessible to student readers of all levels and representative of the very latest historical research. Additions include broader discussions of American Indian peoples, the activities in Texas of the French explorer La Salle, the lead up to and the battles and other events comprising the Texas Revolution, and the affinity between Texas and southern culture that ensued once the Republic became a state in 1845. In addition, the description of Reconstruction in Texas has been reorganized and simplified to help students grasp better this complex topic. Naturally, the final chapter has—in light of the rapid movements in politics, the economy, and culture—undergone extensive revision, bringing the coverage through the election of 2006.

Still the best-illustrated survey of Texas history, The History of Texas remains the most inclusive, relevant, and up-to-date account of all those who call the Lone Star State home.

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Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgements vii

Chapter 1. Contact of Civilizations 1

Chapter 2. Spaniards in a Far Northern Frontera 28

Chapter 3. Mexican Texas, 1821-1836 56

Chapter 4. Launching a Nation, 1836-1848 87

Chapter 5. Statehood, Secession, and Civil War 115

Chapter 6. Reconstruction, Republicanism, and “Redemption” 147

Chapter 7. A Frontier Society in Transition 174

Chapter 8. Texas in the Age of Agrarian Discontent 203

Chapter 9. Early Twentieth-Century Texas 240

Chapter 10. Progressivism in Texas 279

Chapter 11. Texas and the Great Depression 316

Chapter 12. From Pearl Harbor through the 1960s: Texas at Midcentury 346

Chapter 13. The Emergence of Modern Texas Politics 382

Chapter 14. Texas in Transition 416

Appendix 467

Index 470


Early Spanish Exploration 14

Frontier Institutions in Texas 30

Indian Tribes of Colonial Texas 41

Empresario Contracts 61

Ethnic Settlements, 1836 71

The Battle of San Jacinto, April 21, 1836 83

Towns of the Republic of Texas, 1836-1845 95

The Republic of Texas 102

Land Forms of Texas 119

Ethnic Settlements, 1850 121

Military Posts 126

West Texas Forts and the Comanche Range, 1866 to 1880s 179

Cattle Trails 182

Ethnic Settlements, 1880 199

Major Texas Railroads to 1900 207

Oil Fields of Texas and Date of Discovery, 1894-1918 243

“Wet and Dry” Counties of Texas, 1911 284

Texas Counties 425

Texas Today 464

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Praise for the first edition:

"The authors present a thorough and detailed study of Texas history from earliest contact with civilizations to the present, giving balanced accounts of each era. But equally important they provide an insightful social history, especially in regard to women, blacks, and Mexican Americans. In other words, the authors have produced a college history text of highest caliber." (Southwestern Historical Quarterly, April 1991)

"This is an extremely well researched and well written text. ...The analysis is fair and unbiased, even with the most controversial of modern political issues. And the authors handle race and ethnic issues with sensitivity and fairness." (The Journal of Southern History, November, 1991)

"This work appears destined to become a standard and influential text. Teachers who choose not to adopt it are certain to find themselves lecturing out of it. If this book finds a wider readership than the usual text, there may even be hope that the persisten chauvinism that dominates the popular view of Texas might be shaken." (New Mexico Historical Review, April 1992)

"Calvert and De Leon present a multi-cultural view of Texas History. ...The interpretation of Reconstruction is thoroughly revisionist and should contribute to a better understanding of an era that is probably the most misunderstood and misrepresented in Texas history." (East Texas Historical Association, December, 1990)

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