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Building Type Basics for Senior Living, 2nd Edition

ISBN: 978-1-118-00745-7
448 pages
June 2013
Building Type Basics for Senior Living, 2nd Edition (111800745X) cover image


Essential information for the design of senior living facilities

Building Type Basics for Senior Living, Second Edition is your one-stop reference for essential information you need to plan and successfully complete the design of residential care environments for seniors on time and within budget.

Primary authors Bradford Perkins and J. David Hoglund and their Perkins Eastman colleagues—all experts in senior living design—share firsthand knowledge to guide you through all aspects of the design of senior living communities, including independent living and assisted living apartments, and skilled nursing facilities.

This edition features new examples of completed projects and is up to date with the latest developments in senior living design, including coverage of sustainable design, renovation and reinvention, international opportunities, operations, and project financing.

This new edition offers:

  • Numerous photographs, diagrams, and plans
  • A new chapter on issues, trends, and challenges for the senior living industry in the next decade
  • A new chapter devoted to sustainability strategies and considerations
  • Up-to-date coverage of new technologies being implemented in senior living facilities
  • New space programming standards and sample programs

Like every Building Type Basics book, this conveniently organized quick reference provides authoritative, up-to-date information instantly and saves professionals countless hours of research.

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Table of Contents

Preface xvii

Acknowledgments xix

1. Senior Living Today 1

2. Programming & Planning Guidelines 13

3. The Future of Senior Living 125

4. Project Process and Management 149

5. Site Planning, Parking, and Landscape Design 169

6. Building Codes 183

7. Sustainability 193

8. Structural Systems 205

9. Mechanical, Plumbing, Fire-Protection, And Electrical Systems 215

10. Communications and Low-Voltage Electrical Systems 235

11. Special Technologies 241

12. Products And Equipment 245

13. Acoustics 255

14. Lighting Design 265

15. Interior Design 279

16. Renovation, Restoration, and Adaptive Reuse 299

17. International Challenges 307

18. Operation and Maintenance 325

19. Cost Management 335

20. Finances and Feasibility 343

Appendix A: Unit Types and Sizes for Senior Living 351

Appendix B: Building Net-to-Gross Factors for Senior Living 352

Appendix C: Geriatric Clinic: Typical Program Components 353

Appendix D: Sample Large Outpatient Clinic Program 354

Appendix E: Sample Enhanced Retirement Community Clinic Program 355

Appendix F: Adult Day Care: Sample Program for 50 Participants 356

Appendix G: Long-Term Care Gross Area per Bed Guidelines 358

Appendix H: Typical Long-Term Care Program Components 359

Appendix I: Sample Program: Long-Term Care, 126 Bed, 4-Story (and Basement) Neighborhood/Household Model 360

Appendix J: Freestanding 75-Unit, 3-Story Assisted Living Facility with 20-Bed Memory-Support Neighborhood 366

Appendix K: Sample Program for 40-person Memory-Care Residence 369

Appendix L: Sample Program for Independent Living with Services Building—150 Units, 4 Stories, 2 Wings 371

Appendix M: CCRC Program 375

Appendix N: Enhanced CCRC Therapy Program 383

Glossary 385

Bibliography and References 395

Index 399

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Author Information

L. BRADFORD PERKINS, FAIA, MRAIC, AICP, is the founder and Chairman of Perkins Eastman, an international architectural, interior design, and planning firm based in New York with eight additional offices in North America and four more around the world. He is author or coauthor of three books published by Wiley: International Practice for Architects; Building Type Basics for Elementary and Secondary Schools, Second Edition; and Architect's Essentials of Starting, Assessing, and Transitioning a Design Firm.

J. DAVID HOGLUND, FAIA, LEED AP, is the President of Perkins Eastman and the firm's National Practice Leader for Senior Living. Over a dozen Perkins Eastman principals and senior staff contributed to this book.

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Press Release

June 17, 2013

International architecture and design firm Perkins Eastman is pleased to announce the forthcoming release, on June 17, of the second edition of Building Type Basics for Senior Living, the most comprehensive textbook available that addresses the planning, design, and development of senior living facilities and communities. Like the first edition, published in 2004, this indispensable guide for owners, operators, and design professionals in the senior living industry offers insights regarding program standards, code concerns, and major design choices, just to name a few. The second edition provides approximately 50% more content, along with sections devoted to such current topics as the “small house” movement, the burgeoning international market, and sustainable design opportunities.

“In the decade since the first edition,” writes Brad Perkins in the book’s preface, “there have been many creative responses to the specialized needs of the aging that have dramatically changed what sponsors and their design teams need to know about this building type. Among the major new trends described in this edition are the ‘small house’ and Green House® movements, which have rapidly gained popularity across the United States…the growing number of senior living options being developed in urban areas; and the explosive growth in interest in senior living facilities outside the United States.”

With extensive contributions from lead editors Perkins and David Hoglund, this edition also includes writings from key leaders in Perkins Eastman’s Senior Living practice area, among them Principal & Executive Director Daniel J. Cinelli FAIA; Principals Stefani Danes AIA, Susan DiMotta AAHID, IIDA, David W. Hance AIA, Joseph Hassel IIDA, Leslie Moldow FAIA, Richard Rosen AIA, Martin L. Siefering AIA, and Gary D. Steiner AIA; and Associate Principal Laurie Butler NCIDQ. Altogether this collection of authors comprises over 250 years of industry experience and over 500 senior living projects worldwide.

Additionally, Building Type Basics for Senior Living’s chapter on site design includes a significant contribution from David Kamp FASLA, founding Principal of the Landscape Architecture firm Dirtworks PC. The book’s chapter on finance, fees, and feasibility has contributions from Plante Moran.

About Wiley

Wiley is a global provider of content-enabled solutions that improve outcomes in research, education, and professional practice. Wiley’s Professional Development business creates products and services that help customers become more effective in the workplace and achieve career success. It brings to life the ideas and best practices of thought leaders in business, finance, accounting, workplace learning, management, leadership, technology, behavioral health, engineering/architecture, and education to serve these communities worldwide. Founded in 1807, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (NYSE: JWa, JWb), has been a valued source of information and understanding for more than 200 years, helping people around the world meet their needs and fulfill their aspirations. Wiley and its acquired companies have published the works of more than 450 Nobel laureates in all categories: Literature, Economics, Physiology or Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, and Peace. Wiley's global headquarters are located in Hoboken, New Jersey, with operations in the U.S., Europe, Asia, Canada, and Australia. The Company's website can be accessed at www.wiley.com

About Dirtworks 

Dirtworks is an internationally recognized and award-winning landscape architecture firm. Its designs enhance the restorative quality of the natural environment. The firm, founded in 1995 by David Kamp FASLA, LF, NA, provides clients with the creativity and technical knowledge essential to project design and site planning. Dirtworks provides a full range of professional services with a staff of technically trained and design-oriented landscape architects. For more information visit www.dirtworks.us

About Perkins Eastman

Perkins Eastman is among the top design and architecture firms in the world. With 700 employees in 13 locations around the globe, Perkins Eastman practices at every scale of the built environment. From niche buildings to complex projects that enrich whole communities, the firm’s portfolio reflects a dedication to progressive and inventive design that enhances the quality of the human experience. The firm’s portfolio includes high-end residential, commercial, hotels, retail, office buildings, and corporate interiors, to schools, hospitals, museums, senior living, and public sector facilities. Perkins Eastman provides award-winning design through its offices in North America (New York, NY; Boston, MA; Charlotte, NC; Chicago, IL; Pittsburgh, PA; San Francisco, CA; Stamford, CT; Toronto, Canada; and Washington, DC); South America (Guayaquil, Ecuador); North Africa and Middle East (Dubai, UAE); and Asia (Mumbai, India, and Shanghai, China). 

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