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Applying the ADA: Designing for The 2010 Americans with Disabilities Act Standards for Accessible Design in Multiple Building Types

ISBN: 978-1-118-02786-8
336 pages
April 2013
Applying the ADA: Designing for The 2010 Americans with Disabilities Act Standards for Accessible Design in Multiple Building Types (1118027868) cover image

A guide to real-world applications of The 2010 Americans with Disabilities Act Standards for Accessible Design

Applying the ADA helps architects and developers understand better how the rules for eliminating barriers in the built environment apply to everyday life and how to best implement them in the design and construction of a broad variety of buildings and facilities.

By showing how The 2010 Americans with Disabilities Act Standards for Accessible Design have been applied in various contexts and building types, this extensively illustrated guide helps readers quickly understand the requirements of the standards and how to apply them to both new construction and renovation. Written by an architect who consults regularly on accessibility issues for design professionals, building owners, and facility managers, this user-friendly guide features 100 photos and 150 drawings that take the guesswork out of applying the standards to real-world projects. Building types covered include:

  • Healthcare and senior living facilities and hospitals
  • College and university facilities
  • Elementary and high schools
  • Hotels and other transient lodging facilities
  • Amusement parks and play areas
  • Historic preservation and remodels
  • Retail and office spaces

Applying the ADA is an indispensable resource for architects, interior designers, owners, developers, and facility managers. It is also important reading for students of architecture and interior design.

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Acknowledgments ix

Introduction xi

History xi

Summary xii

Chapter 1 General Guidelines 1
by Marcela Abadi Rhoads, AIA RAS

General Guidelines 1

Building Blocks 2

Accessible Routes 9

General Site 10

Changes in Level 16

Accessible Entrances 16

Interior Accessible Route 17

Plumbing Fixtures 18

Communication Features 23

Summary 25

Chapter 2 Retail and Mixed-Use Facilities 27
by Marcela Abadi Rhoads, AIA RAS

Introduction 27

Shopping Malls 28

Site Arrival Points 28

Minimum Number of Parking Spaces Closest to the Entrances 29

Accessible Route to Entrances 32

Accessible Entrances 38

Interior Accessible Route to Spaces 38

Retail Spaces 41

Checkout and Sales Counters 43

Dressing and Fitting Rooms 44

Employee Areas 46

Common-Use Spaces 52

Food Court 56

Play Areas 60

Strip Shopping Center 61

Site Arrival Point 63

Parking 66

Accessible Route 66

Tenant Entrances 66

Lifestyle Center 72

Parking 72

Accessible Route 74

Residential Facilities/Offices on Upper Floors 75

Summary 81

Chapter 3 Primary Education 85
by Wally Tirado, ICC RAS

Introduction 85

Administrative Areas 86

Employee Work Areas 87

Service Areas 88

Service Yards and Loading Docks 89

General Application for Children Areas 89

Reach Ranges and Operating Mechanisms 92

Dining and Work Surfaces 92

Toilet Rooms and Elements 97

Drinking Fountains 98

Toilet Compartments 99

Water Closets and Accessories 99

Mirrors 102

Lavatories and Sinks 102

Dressing and Fitting Rooms 104

Signage 104

Ramps and Stairs 106

Assembly Areas 108

Outdoor Play Areas 111

Transportation Facilities 112

Passenger Loading Zones 112

Bus Loading Zones 112

Summary 113

Chapter 4 Secondary and Postsecondary Educa tion 117
by Wally Tirado, ICC RAS

Introduction 117

Accessible Sites and Parking 118

Bus Loading Zones 118

Location and Dispersion of Parking 120

Leased/Assigned Parking 121

Playing Fields and Exterior Athletic Facilities 122

General Accessible Areas 127

Security Barriers 128

Temporary Structures and Facilities 129

Assembly Areas 129

Classrooms 130

Other Box Seating and Outdoor Seating 132

Performance Areas 135

Assistive Listening Systems (ALS) 141

Ticket Booths and Concession Stands 142

Libraries 142

Physical Education Facilities 143

Exercise Machines and Equipment 143

Dressing, Fitting, and Locker Rooms 146

Swimming Pools 148

Other Spectator Sports Areas 150

Dining Facilities 151

Administrative Areas 153

Housing at a Place of Education 158

Kitchens 159

Multi-Bedroom 159

Apartment or Townhouse Facilities 159

Summary 160

Chapter 5 Hospitality 163
by Jeromy Murphy, AIA RAS

Introduction 163

New Construction 164

Existing Facilities 164

Public and Guest Areas 164

Guest Rooms with Mobility Features or Communications Features 173

Examples 177

Summary 179

Chapter 6 Healthcare and Senior Living Communities 183
by Greg Hunteman, AIA RAS

Introduction 183

Different Types of Healthcare 183

Alterations to Existing Healthcare and Long-Term Care Facilities 184

General Guidelines 186

Accessible Routes 186

Individual Spaces 190

Patient and Resident Sleeping Rooms 191

Summary 198

Chapter 7 Amusement Parks and Play Areas 201
by Marcela Abadi Rhoads, AIA RAS

Site Arrival 202

Play Areas 204

Ground Play Components 206

Elevated Play Components 209

Accessible Route 210

Entry Points and Seats 217

Play for Visually and Hearing Impaired 217

Amusement Rides 217

Fishing Piers 229

Summary 231

Chapter 8 Historic Preservation and Remodels 235
by Marcela Abadi Rhoads, AIA RAS

Alterations 236

Entrances 242

Accessible Route 242

Path of Travel Elements 243

Tenant Finish-Outs 244

Alterations of Medical Care Facilities’ Patient Rooms 245

Alterations of Transient Lodging Sleeping Rooms 246

Alterations of Holding Cells 247

Alterations of Residential Dwelling Units 248

Alterations of Restaurants 249

Alterations of Dressing Rooms and Lockers Rooms 249

Disproportionality: The 20% Rule 249

Series of Smaller Alterations 250

Safe Harbor 251

Historic Facilities 252

Summary 254

Chapter 9 Residential Projects 259
by Jeromy Murphy, AIA RAS

Introduction 259

Residential versus Transient Lodging 259

Applicability 260

Public and Common Use Spaces 263

Residential Dwelling Units 265

Summary 270

Chapter 10 Universal Design beyond the ADA 273
by Marcela Abadi Rhoads, AIA RAS

PRINCIPLE ONE: Equitable Use 274

Principle One Design Guidelines 274

PRINCIPLE TWO: Flexibility in Use 277

Principle Two Design Guidelines 278

PRINCIPLE THREE: Simple and Intuitive Use 282

Principle Three Design Guidelines 282

PRINCIPLE FOUR: Perceptible Information 285

Principle Four Design Guidelines 286

PRINCIPLE FIVE: Tolerance for Error 289

Principle Five Design Guidelines 289

PRINCIPLE SIX: Low Physical Effort 294

Principle Six Design Guidelines 294

PRINCIPLE SEVEN: Size and Space for Approach and Use 298

Principle Seven Design Guidelines 298

Summary 302

Appendix A: Reference Ta bles 303

Appendix B: Resources 317

Index 319

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MARCELA ABADI RHOADS is a registered architect and a registered accessibility specialist based in Texas. As owner of Abadi Accessibility (abadiaccess.com), Rhoads assists design professionals and building owners with accessibility consultation on all phases of design and construction. Rhoads also helps educate practitioners and the public about accessibility through seminars and a monthly newsletter.

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