Diploma Matters: A Field Guide for College and Career Readiness
June 2011, Jossey-Bass
In our current education system too many high school students wind up with too few choices. Students are locked into what is decided for them by a broken system. Too often, they are handed a diploma that holds an empty promise. This practical field book is filled with effective tools from The Education TrustWest. Diploma Matters helps school leaders and teachers examine the current high school experience and develop a detailed action plan that will transform curriculum and ensure that all students are ready for college and the workplace.
"This is a book for practitioners who have seen it all. Linda Murray captures in a straight-forward way the nuts and bolts of how to do the work of reform. Linda, who was an extraordinary superintendent, proves to be a captivating storyteller."Peter J. Negroni, senior vice president, College Board
"This is a story worth reading, including the specific implications for schools and districts nationwide."Michael W. Kirst, emeritus professor of Education and Business Administration, Stanford University; president, California State Board of Education; author, Political Dynamics Of American Education
"This book is a definitive 'how to' for effective, meaningful, and lasting school reform." Kathy Burkhard, former president, San Jose Teachers' Association
San Jose Unified—A Success Story.
What Did We Do?
Chapter One: Dispelling the Myths.
Myth 1: A College-Prep Curriculum Hurts Kids Who Aren't Going to College.
Myth 2: The Curriculum Will Be Watered Down.
Myth 3: Grades Will Plummet.
Myth 4: Students Will Disengage and Drop Out.
Myth 5: Disadvantaged Students Will Suffer the Most.
Myth 6: High School Is the Wrong Place to Make Changes.
Myth to Reality: Higher Standards Help Everyone.
Chapter: Two: Expectations Matter.
Setting the Foundation for Reform.
Finding Common Ground.
A Defining Moment: The Students Speak.
How Good Is Good Enough?
Getting the Teachers’ Union on Board.
Setting Our Stake in the Sand.
Chapter Three: The Journey Through High School.
How Do You Turn Ideas into Action?
The War Room.
Analysis of Student Transcripts.
The Master Schedule.
Getting Serious About Summer School.
Creating Opportunities for Acceleration.
Students with Special Needs and English Language Learners.
Reaching the Outliers: Safety Nets and Supports.
Bricks, Mortar, and Science Labs.
Chapter Four: Teachers: A Force to Reckon With.
Finding the Teachers We Needed.
Teaching the Teachers: Professional Development That Works.
Accountability with Collaboration.
Chapter Five: The Educational Opportunity Audit.
How Long Will It Take?
Start by Defining Your Requirements.
Gathering Your Team.
Gathering Your Materials.
Collecting Achievement Test Data.
Master Schedule Analysis.
Surveying Department Heads.
Educational Opportunity Audit Findings.
Chapter Six: The Blueprint.
Here's Where the Real Change Begins.
Setting up Committees to Get the Work Done.
Work to Be Done by District Departments.
Developing Action Plans.
Chapter Seven: A Look at “District X”.
This Is What It Looks Like.
District X: Transcript Study.
District X: Master Schedule.
District X: Focus Groups and Community Conversation.
Recommendations Based on All Findings.
Chapter Eight: College and Career Readiness in Our Nation's Schools.
How Is College and Career Readiness Playing Out in Other Districts?
Yes, You Can.
Chapter Nine: The Journey Continues.
Creating a College-Going Culture.
A Data-Driven District.
Where the Work Is Heading.
The Good News: Universal Access.
“D” Grades Remain the Greatest Barrier to College Eligibility.
The Path Is Clear.
Appendix 1: Focus Group Protocols.
Protocol for Student Focus Group Work.
Protocol for Teacher Focus Group Work.
Protocol for Counselor Focus Group Work.
Protocol for Parent and Community Focus Group Work.
Appendix 2: Community Conversation Protocol.
Appendix 3: Survey Protocols.
Curriculum and Instruction Survey.
Human Resource Survey.
Safety Net and Support Interventions Survey.
Special Education, Alternative Education, and English Learner Survey.
Career Technical Education (CTE) Survey.
Linda Murray is the Superintendent-in-Residence for The Education TrustWest (ETW) and is responsible for leading the practice work of the organization in California. Prior to joining ETW, Dr. Murray served as Superintendent of Schools for the San Jose Unified School District for eleven years.
The Education TrustWest is a statewide education advocacy organization in California that works to close the gaps in opportunity and achievement for students of color and students in poverty. The organization works for the high academic achievement of all students at all levels, pre-k through college. ETW exposes opportunity and achievement gaps that separate students of color and low-income students from other youth, and identifies and advocates for the strategies that will forever close those gaps. http://www.edtrust.org/west