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Local Planning for Terror and Disaster: From Bioterrorism to Earthquakes

ISBN: 978-1-118-11286-1
274 pages
October 2012, Wiley-Blackwell
Local Planning for Terror and Disaster: From Bioterrorism to Earthquakes (1118112865) cover image
Local Planning for Terror and Disaster gives voice to experts in key fields involved with local preparedness, assessing the quality of preparedness in each field, and offering directions for improvement. Introductory chapters provide overviews of terror medicine, security and communications, which are indispensable to successful preparedness, while subsequent chapters concentrate on a particular field and how responders from that field communicate and interact with others during and after an event. Thus, a chapter by a physician discusses not only the doctor's role but how that role is, or should be, coordinated with emergency medical technicians and police. Similarly, chapters by law enforcement figures also review police responsibilities and interactions with nurses, EMTs, volunteers and other relevant responders. 

Developed from topics at recent Symposia on Terror Medicine and Security, Local Planning also encompasses aspects of emergency and disaster medicine, as well as techniques for diagnosis, rescue, coordination and security that are distinctive to a terrorist attack. Each chapter also includes a case study that demonstrates preparedness, or lack thereof, for a real or hypothetical event, including lessons learned, next steps, and areas for improvement in this global era which increasingly calls for preparedness at a local level.

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CONTRIBUTORS vii

PROLOGUE xi

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xiii

PART I INTRODUCTION: THE KNOWN AND THE UNKNOWN

1 Preparedness, Uncertainty, and Terror Medicine 3
Leonard A. Cole

2 Bioterrorism and the Communication of Uncertainty 17
Leonard A. Cole, Laura H. Kahn, and Peter M. Sandman

3 Responding to Disaster and Terrorism: The Central Role of Communication 29
Steven M. Becker

PART II HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS

4 The Role of the Emergency Physician 47
Emily G. Kidd, Donald H. Jenkins, and Craig A. Manifold

5 The Role of the Nurse 61
Dian Dowling Evans, Samuel E. Shartar, and James W. Gordon

6 The Role of the Dentist 71
David L. Glotzer

7 The Role of the Emergency Medical Technician 83
Brendan McCluskey and Henry P. Cortacans

8 The Role of the Mental Health Professional 95
Ann E. Norwood, Lisa M. Brown, and Gerard A. Jacobs

PART III INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT

9 The Role of the Manager of Mass Casualty and Disaster Events 111
Shmuel C. Shapira and Limor Aharonson-Daniel

10 The Role of Public Health 123
Henry Falk and Isaac Ashkenazi

11 The Role of the Hospital Receiver 139
Mark A. Merlin

12 Managing Traumatic Stress 153
Steven M. Crimando

PART IV SUPPORT AND SECURITY

13 The Role of the On-Scene Bystander and Survivor 165
Bruria Adini

14 The Role of the Trained Volunteer 177
Brenda D. Phillips, Njoki Mwarumba, and Debra Wagner

15 Bioterrorism, Biosecurity, and the Laboratory 189
Nancy D. Connell and James Netterwald

16 The Role of the Law Enforcement Officer 201
Graeme R. Newman and Ronald V. Clarke

17 A Model Case of Counterterrorism: Thwarting a Subway Bombing 215
Joshua Sinai

18 The Newest Security Threat: Cyber-Conflict 227
Panayotis A. Yannakogeorgos

PART V CONCLUSION

19 Preparedness, Black Swans, and Salient Themes 241
Nancy D. Connell and Leonard A. Cole

Index 249

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Dr. Leonard Cole is an adjunct professor of political science at Rutgers University-Newark, NJ, and director of the Program on Terror Medicine and Security at UMDNJ's Center for BioDefense.  He has published widely on terrorism-related subjects including chapters in two recent Wiley volumes: Suicide Terror and Bacillus Anthracis and Anthrax.  His most recent books are The Anthrax Letters (revised edition, 2009) and Essentials of Terror Medicine (co-editor, 2009). A full list of works by Dr. Cole is available on his website www.leonardcole.com.

Dr. Nancy Connell is professor of infectious disease at the Medical School of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey.  She is director of UMDNJ's Center for BioDefense, has authored numerous scientific articles, and has served on national and regional panels concerning biosecurity.  Currently, she is a member of the National Academy of Sciences committee on the "Review of the Scientific Approaches Used by the FBI During Its Investigation of the 2001 Anthrax Mailings."

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“In summary, this book is an excellent read and the way the various incidents and subsequent responses are recounted, one cannot help but to reevaluate how to plan for disasters and emergencies to be better prepared for not only realistic worst case events but also for the Black Swan.”  (Journal of Chemical Health & Safety, 1 April 2013)

Local Planning for Terror and Disaster: From Bioterrorism to Earthquakes, is required reading for anyone involved in responding to Mass Casualty Events which means all of us, because we could all become first responders.”—Nancy Hartevelt Kobrin, PhD, familysecuritymatters.org

"'Local Planning' may be among the most important books published this year. . . ."—Warren Boroson, newjerseynewsroom.com

"Leonard Cole and Nancy Connell have produced an essential book, not just for counterterrorism and disaster preparedness professionals, but for each and every American. We can’t prevent disasters but we can mitigate them, and the key to mitigation is preparedness.  I know of no better place to look for that key than in the pages of this book."—Clark Ervin, Former Inspector General, US Department of Homeland Security

"A great read. At a time when funding for local preparedness efforts is waning, this book is a clarion call for reversing that trend.  Leading experts and practitioners from across the preparedness spectrum provide vivid case studies and give valuable judgments about what matters most in responding to disasters and terrorism.   Read it and be reminded how much depends on local response when catastrophe strikes." —Thomas Inglesby, MD, Director of the Center for Biosecurity of UPMC 

“This text is an excellent addition to the discipline of disaster management.  It includes realistic case studies to introduce the diverse range of disaster and terror situations that medical, security, or other professionals should be prepared to address.  Any disaster professional would benefit greatly from heeding its lessons.” —Jane Bullock, Former Chief of Staff, Federal Emergency Management Agency

"This book provides a unique approach to the true interdisciplinary requirements for responses to terrorist and disaster events as it translates findings from case studies into actions needed for preparedness. Thus, it provides much needed information for the disciplines that comprise disaster medicine, including administration and security. It is an important read that will enhance our levels of preparedness." —Marvin Birnbaum, MD, PhD, Chair, Board of Directors, World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine

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November 06, 2012
"How Do You Plan For Terror and Disaster?": Wiley Book Provides Guidance for Coping after Hurricane Sandy

Local Planning for Terror and Disaster: From Bioterrorism to Earthquakes offers unique and riveting assessments on a vital issue of our time: preparedness for terror and disaster. Written by Leonard A. Cole & Nancy D. Connell, the book provides a comprehensive look at local preparedness in bioterror, terror medicine and disaster, biosecurity.

Developed from topics at recent Symposia on Terror Medicine and Security, Local Planning also encompasses aspects of emergency and disaster medicine, as well as techniques for diagnosis, rescue, coordination and security that are distinctive to a terrorist attack. Each chapter also includes a case study that demonstrates preparedness, or lack thereof, for a real or hypothetical event, including lessons learned, next steps, and areas for improvement in this global era which increasingly calls for preparedness at a local level.

Local Planning for Terror and Disaster: From Bioterrorism to Earthquakes provides essential information both for professionals and the general public by exploring the roles of all involved-from health and police responders to bystanders and survivors.

"Leonard Cole and Nancy Connell have produced an essential book, not just for counterterrorism and disaster preparedness professionals, but for each and every American. We can’t prevent disasters but we can mitigate them, and the key to mitigation is preparedness.  I know of no better place to look for that key than in the pages of this book."—Clark Ervin, Former Inspector General, US Department of Homeland Security

"A great read. At a time when funding for local preparedness efforts is waning, this book is a clarion call for reversing that trend.  Leading experts and practitioners from across the preparedness spectrum provide vivid case studies and give valuable judgments about what matters most in responding to disasters and terrorism.   Read it and be reminded how much depends on local response when catastrophe strikes." —Thomas Inglesby, MD, Director of the Center for Biosecurity of UPMC

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