A Teacher's Guide to Classroom Assessment: Understanding and Using Assessment to Improve Student Learning
April 2011, Jossey-Bass
Based on extensive research, this book is filled with illustrative, down-to-earth examples of how classroom assessment works in classrooms where assessment drives the instruction. The authors present the Classroom Assessment Cycle—Clarifying learning targets, Collecting assessment evidence, Analyzing assessment data, and Modifying instruction based upon assessment data—that demonstrates how one assessment action must flow into the next to be effective. Each chapter details the kinds of assessment evidence that are the most useful for determining student achievement and provides instruction in the analysis of assessment data.
Foreword (Ken O’Connor).
About the Authors.
Introduction: Assessment for Classroom Learning.
1. Understanding the Varieties of Assessment.
PART ONE. CLARIFYING LEARNING TARGETS.
2. Unpacking Standards and Benchmarks.
3. Defining Student Expectations.
PART TWO. GATHERING ASSESSMENT EVIDENCE.
4. Understanding and Selecting Assessment Methods.
5. Written Products, Portfolio, and Project Assessments.
6. Designing Quality Classroom Assessment Tasks.
7. Creating Useful Scoring Guides.
PART THREE. MAKING SENSE OF ASSESSMENT DATA.
8. Tracking and Analyzing Results.
PART FOUR. LINKING ASSESSMENT TO INSTRUCTION.
9. Revising Feedback and Instructional Plans.
10. Using Assessment to Motivate Students.
PART FIVE. RELATED ASSESSMENT FACTORS.
11. Rethinking Grading Practices.
12. Challenges of High-Stakes Testing.
Conclusion: An Appeal for Change.
Appendix: Reflection and Discussion Questions.
Nancy D. McMunn is project director for classroom assessment for the Assessment, Accountability, and Standards program for the Regional Educational Laboratory housed at the SERVE Center, University of North Carolina, Greensboro. Both authors are former classroom teachers.
Pilot-tested in numerous districts and teacher education programs.
Features step-by-step instructions for creating quality performance tasks.
Includes sample scoring guides, rubrics, and other assessment tools.
Helps teachers in analyzing student work and other assessment data.
--Helen M. Parke, manager, research and development, Cisco Learning Institute
"This book is an excellent tool for any educator or school
system whose mission is the success of each of their students.
Status quo will no longer do, and educators will find useful
information, suggestions, and motivation in a very usable, easily
understood manner. The authors have addressed problems of
assessment and evaluations and different learning styles
--Eva C. Martens, president, Fairview, Oklahoma Board of Education
"A Teacher’s Guide to Classroom Assessment requires
teachers to re-examine how they plan for and use assessment in the
--Carla Lovett, mentoring resource teacher, curriculum and instructional services, Bay District Schools, Panama City, Florida
"This book shows the teacher, by example, how to use assessment
to improve the quality of learning for each individual student on a
--Deanna B. Gooden, parent of a home-schooled child in Georgia
"Butler and McMunn provide both a compelling rationale for
changing classroom assessment and a clear model for doing
--Glenda Carter, associate professor of science education, North Carolina State University
"In an environment of high-stakes testing, the most effective
educators understand that assessment should aim to improve both
learning and teaching. Thanks to the experience of veteran
educators Nancy McMunn and Susan Butler, teachers engaged in
implementing standards-based curriculum can use this book as a
guide to demystify assessment and make it a part of a comprehensive
instructional plan in every school. Tests teach; what we learn from
them depends on our existing knowledge of their purposes and uses
in our classrooms. This book should be considered a primer for all
educators wishing to implement exemplary programs of
--Judy M. Couey, director of curriculum and instruction, Mississippi Department of Education
"What a powerful book to bring an understanding of assessment to
the classroom teacher. This book is a must-read for any educator
ready to ‘bump up’ their practices in the
--Hope Reagan, educational consultant and former teacher, Winston-Salem, North Carolina
"Steeped in theory and research, A Teacher’s Guide to
Classroom Assessment translates research into proven classroom
strategies that will help any classroom teacher improve student
learning. It is a must-read for educators facing state and/or
--Patricia Schenck, district office administrator, Bay District, Panama City, Florida
"A Teacher’s Guide to Classroom Assessment reflects
the authors’ years of experience and understanding of how to
relate powerful research and conceptual ideas into clear,
accessible language. This book combines both the best research in
assessment with practical applications, models, and explanations
that teachers can use in classrooms."
--Jan Williamson, former North Carolina department of education language arts and educational consultant
“In this how-to guide for classroom teachers, McMunn and
Butler offer sound, easy-to-understand ideas for designing good
assessments at all grade levels. Their experiences and examples
from both elementary and secondary classroom instruction make their
work practical and simple to understand."
--Jane Bailey, director of teaching and learning, Petoskey, Michigan
"A real how-to book. Educators involved in the day-to-day
routine of a classroom—teachers and those who observe
them—finally have a ‘go-to’ guide for how
to use assessment to make instructional decisions."
--Karen Charles, researcher and developer, RTI, International