Chemistry II For Dummies
College success for virtually all science, computing, engineering, and premedical majors depends in part on passing chemistry. The skills learned in chemistry courses are applicable to a number of fields, and chemistry courses are essential to students who are studying to become nurses, doctors, pharmacists, clinical technicians, engineers, and many more among the fastest-growing professions. But if you're like a lot of students who are confused by chemistry, it can seem like a daunting task to tackle the subject. That's where Chemistry II For Dummies can help!
Here, you'll get plain-English, easy-to-understand explanations of everything you'll encounter in your Chemistry II class. Whether chemistry is your chosen area of study, a degree requirement, or an elective, you'll get the skills and confidence to score high and enhance your understanding of this often-intimidating subject. So what are you waiting for?
- Presents straightforward information on complex concepts
- Tracks to a typical Chemistry II course
- Serves as an excellent supplement to classroom learning
- Helps you understand difficult subject matter with confidence and ease
Packed with approachable information and plenty of practice opportunities, Chemistry II For Dummies is just what you need to make the grade.
Part I: A Basic Review of Chemistry I 7
Chapter 1: I Passed Chem I, But What About Chem II? 9
Chapter 2: Math for the (Chemistry) Masses 15
Chapter 3: Atomic Structure, the Periodic Table, and Bonding 27
Chapter 4: Digging up the Mole Concept and Stoichiometry 47
Chapter 5: Grasping Solutions and Intermolecular Forces 61
Chapter 6: Not Full of Hot Air: Gases and Gas Laws 81
Part II: Diving Into Kinetics and Equilibrium 97
Chapter 7: The Lowdown on Kinetics: Tortoise or the Hare? 99
Chapter 8: All Present in the Same State: Homogeneous Equilibrium 125
Chapter 9: Neutralizing Effects: Acid-Base Equilibrium 145
Chapter 10: Taking On Solubility and Complex Ion Equilibrium 179
Part III: A Plethora of Chemistry II Concepts 189
Chapter 11: Getting Hot with Thermodynamics 191
Chapter 12: Causing Electrons to Flow: Electrochemistry 207
Chapter 13: Going the Carbon Route: Organic Chemistry 231
Chapter 14: Pondering Polymers 247
Chapter 15: Bringing Biology into the Lab: Biochemistry 261
Part IV: Describing Descriptive Chemistry 277
Chapter 16: Examining the Ins and Outs of Petroleum 279
Chapter 17: Feeling the Power of Nuclear Chemistry 289
Chapter 18: Chemistry in the Home 309
Part V: The Part of Tens 327
Chapter 19: Ten Terrific Tips for Passing Chem II 329
Chapter 20: Ten Must-Know Formulas for Chem II 333
Chapter 21: Ten Great Chemistry Careers 339
John T. Moore, EdD, is regents professor of chemistry at Stephen F. Austin State University, where he teaches chemistry and is codirector of the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Research Center. He is the author of Biochemistry For Dummies and Chemistry For Dummies, 2nd Edition.
The goal of the book is not to make you into a chemistry major. The goal is simply to give you a basic understanding of some chemical topics that commonly appear in the second half of a university introductory chemistry course or the second year in a high school chemistry course. If you're taking a course, use this book as a reference in conjunction with your notes and textbook.
With that said, if you do end up majoring in chemistry, what can you do with the degree?
First of all, if you want to be successful as a chemist or in any science area, you must be a good communicator. You need to be able to prepare reports, papers, and summaries that are understandable to your audience. You need to be able to prepare an oral presentation that is intelligible to your audience. Just knowledge of chemistry isn't sufficient to progress in any company, university, or firm. You must be able to communicate well. If you're still in school, pick up a course in technical writing and another in public speaking.
Now, here are Ten Great Chemistry Careers:
Patent attorneys perform patent searches, advise their clients on whether or not their formulations/invention is patentable, provide advice on such topics as product liability and intellectual property , and may even take cases to court for product infringement.
Don't want to be in the lab? The salesperson has to answer their customers' questions about the product, toxicity, side effects, and so on. Also, you have to be willing to travel a lot.
You'll spend the first year in a lab analyzing evidence, but after years of hard work, you'll get to work crime scenes. Forensic chemists also operate and maintain lab instrumentation, analyze biological fluids for DNA matches, analyze for drug residues in foods or biological tissues, analyze gunshot residues, and more.
Biochemists and biotechnologists work in research developing new genetic tests, work in the genetic engineering (cloning0 area, and are involved in the development of new drugs. Others work as plant breeders, trying to develop more disease-resistant starins of crops. There are a lot of options.
Agrochemists collect and analyze samples for nutrient levels as wells as levels of pesticides, heavy metals, or toxins. They may do presentations to such diverse groups as corporation CEOs and farmers as well as preparing reports showing their data and conclusions and recommendations.
Some material scientists work with ceramics and others with metals. Some analyze failed products to determine the reason for their failure. Some are involved in quality control, testing raw materials, and finished products.
Food and Flavor Chemist
These chemists work in the R&D of new foods as well as ways of keeping foods fresher on the shelves. Some may work on developing new flavors or finding ways to synthesize flavors found in nature. Others work for the FDA and other governmental agencies as inspectors to ensure that regulations are followed in food processing areas and shipping.
Water Quality Chemist
A water quality chemist helps ensure that the public's drinking water is safe. Some may be involved in the design of water or wastewater treatment plants.
These chemists tests cosmetic products, such as lipstick, lip balm, eyeliner, or shaving cream, and makes sure that they meet governmental regulations.
Teaching jobs can range from teaching in the public schools at the middle school or high school level to junior/community college to the university level.