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Connecting Social Welfare Policy to Fields of Practice

ISBN: 978-1-118-17700-6
312 pages
January 2013
Connecting Social Welfare Policy to Fields of Practice (1118177002) cover image

Invaluable guidance and advice for creating positive change in social policy

Edited by a team of renowned experts, Connecting Social Welfare Policy to Fields of Practice features contributions from leaders in this field providing a variety of perspectives on different topics. This visionary guide equips social workers to proactively engage in policy practice to influence specific policies.

Designed as a social welfare policy practice text for undergraduate and graduate students in social work programs, this book meets the Council on Social Work Education's (CSWE) Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAS).

Each chapter begins with an overarching question and "what if" scenarios, and ends with a set of suggested key terms, online resources, and discussion questions.

Connecting Social Welfare Policy to Fields of Practice addresses specific populations within a wide variety of practice arenas, including:

  • Social welfare policy and politics
  • Aging in the United States
  • Public mental health policy in the United States
  • Disability policy development
  • Health-care policy
  • Urban housing policy
  • Child welfare policy
  • Redefining the welfare state in a global economy

Global in context, Connecting Social Welfare Policy to Fields of Practice encourages those in the social work profession to become directly engaged with individuals, families, groups, and communities in the crafting of impartial public policies for marginalized members of society.

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Preface xi

About the Editors xv

Contributors xvii

Chapter 1 Policy Practice 1
Rodney A. Ellis

Introduction 1

Policy Practice 2

Preparation of the Practitioner 6

Assembling a Team 8

Identification, Definition, and Legitimization of the Problem 9

Selecting an Approach 11

Conducting an Analysis 12

Evaluating the Outcomes 18

Conclusion 19

Key Terms 19

Review Questions for Critical Thinking 19

Online Resources 19

References 20

Chapter 2 Social Welfare Policy and Politics 21
Richard Hoefer

Introduction 21

Defining Social Welfare Policy 22

Defining Politics 22

Politics as Ideologies: Across the Spectrum of Right and Left 23

Politics as Process: How to Have an Effect on Social Policy 31

Conclusion 33

Key Terms 33

Review Questions for Critical Thinking 34

Online Resources 34

References 34

Chapter 3 New Federalism, New Freedom, and States’ Rights: The Uncertain and Fragmented Direction of Public Mental Health Policy in the United States 37
King Davis and Hyejin Jung

Introduction 37

The Epidemiology and Burden of Mental Illness 38

Unresolved Federalism in Mental Health Policy 43

States’ Rights and Control of Mental Health Policy 48

Federal Encroachment in State Mental Health Policy and Services 52

The Declining Financial Health of State Governments: Implications for the Future of State Mental Health Policy 64

Key Terms 70

Review Questions for Critical Thinking 70

Online Resources 71

References 71

Chapter 4 Aging in the United States: Challenges to Social Policy and Policy Practice 81
Enid Opal Cox

Introduction 81

The Political/Moral Economy Context of Aging Societies 83

Changing Social Perceptions, Expectations, and Policies 85

Overview of Selected Policy and Services 93

Implications for Social Work Policy Practitioners 102

Key Terms 106

Review Questions for Critical Thinking 106

Online Resources 106

References 107

Chapter 5 Explanatory Legitimacy and Disjuncture: A Multidimensional Model for Disability Policy Development and Analysis 113
Stephen French Gilson and Elizabeth DePoy

Introduction 113

Explanatory Legitimacy Theory 114

Looking Back 117

Explanatory Legitimacy Theory Analysis of Policy Exemplars 123

Conclusions 130

Key Terms 131

Review Questions for Critical Thinking 131

Online Resources 131

References 132

Chapter 6 Health Care Policy: Should Change Be Small or Large? 135
Pamela J. Miller

Introduction 135

Needed Background 138

Policy Topics 142

Policies/Programs Worth Exploring 152

Concluding Remarks and Future Directions 154

Key Terms 155

Review Questions for Critical Thinking 155

Online Resources 155

References 155

Chapter 7 Social Determinants of Health: 21st-Century Social Work Priorities 159
Gary Rosenberg

Introduction 159

Social Work at the End of the 19th Century 162

Social Work in the 20th Century 163

Conclusions 170

Key Terms 171

Review Questions for Critical Thinking 172

Online Resources 172

References 172

Chapter 8 Property for People or the Property of People: Urban Housing Policy and Practice in the Developing World 175
Sunil Kumar

Introduction 175

An Urban World—Why Fresh Thinking on Urban Housing Practice and Policy in Less Developed Regions Matters 177

Planet of Slums—Why Poor Urban Housing Conditions Is Not All That Matters 180

The Good and the Great—International Development Organizations, Alliances, and Campaigns 181

Civil Society, Not-for-Profits, and Others of the Same Ilk, But With a Different Perspective 185

Property for People or the Property of People: The Politics of Tenure 190

Toward a Conclusion: The Challenge for Urban Housing Policy and Practice Lies in Asking the Right Questions 193

In Conclusion: Property for People or the Property of People 197

Key Terms 198

Review Questions for Critical Thinking 198

Online Resources 199

Notes 199

References 200

Chapter 9 Child Welfare Policy 209
Richard J. Gelles and Carol Wilson Spigner

A Brief History of Child Welfare Policy in the United States 211

The Initial Involvement of the Federal Government 214

The Impact of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1974 215

Foster Care Drift and the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 219

The Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 221

The Impact of the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 222

The Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 222

Applicable Supreme Court Rulings 223

Family Preservation and Family Support Act 224

The Multiethnic Placement Act of 1994 and the Interethnic Adoption Provisions of the Small Business Job Protection Act 225

Reassessment of the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 and the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 227

Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 229

Conclusion 231

Key Terms 232

Review Questions for Critical Thinking 232

Online Resources 233

Notes 234

References 234

Chapter 10 Public Funding of Sectarian Organizations for the Provision of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care: Discriminatory Issues for Gay Males 239
Christopher W. Blackwell and Sophia F. Dziegielewski

Introduction 239

Religious and Faith-Based Organizations Providing Social Services: Charitable Choice 240

Implications for Further Research and Policy Development 247

Key Terms 248

Review Questions for Critical Thinking 248

Online Resources 248

References 248

Chapter 11 Social Welfare and Economics: Redefining the Welfare State in a Global Economy 253
Howard Karger and Peter A. Kindle

Introduction 253

The Social Welfare State: A Legacy of the Industrial Era 255

The Postindustrial Economy 257

Employment in Postindustrial Society 258

Impoverishment and Debt in the Postindustrial Era 262

A New Welfare Agenda for the Global Economy 265

Conclusion 272

Key Terms 274

Review Questions for Critical Thinking 274

Online Resources 274

References 274

Author Index 277

Subject Index 283

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IRA C. COLBY, DSW, is Dean of the Graduate College of Social Work, University of Houston, Texas. Dr. Colby has served on, chaired, or held elective positions in a number of national social work associations, including past president of the Council on Social Work Education, and serves on a number of journal editorial boards.

CATHERINE N. DULMUS, PhD, LCSW, is Professor, Associate Dean for Research, and Director of the Buffalo Center for Social Research in the School of Social Work at the University at Buffalo, SUNY, and Research Director at Hillside Family of Agencies in Rochester, New York.

KAREN M. SOWERS, PhD, is Dean and Beaman Professor in the College of Social Work at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Her research interests include juvenile justice, sexuality, social work education, child welfare, evidence–based practice, and international social work practice.

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