Good Derivatives: A Story of Financial and Environmental Innovation
As a young economist at the Chicago Board of Trade, Richard Sandor helped create interest rate futures, a development that revolutionized worldwide finance. Later, he pioneered the use of emissions trading to reduce acid rain, one of the most successful environmental programs ever. He will provide unique insights into the process of creating these new financial products. Covering successes and failures, the story describes the tireless process of inventing, educating and creating support for these new inventions in places like Chicago, New York, London, Paris and how it is unfolding today in Mumbai, Shanghai and Beijing.
The book will tell the story of the creation of the Chicago Climate Exchange and its affiliated exchanges (European Climate Exchange, Chicago Climate Futures Exchange and Tianjin Climate Exchange, located in China). The lessons learned in these markets can play a critical role in effectively addressing global climate change and other pressing environmental issues. The author argues that market-based trading systems are a far more effective means of reducing pollutants than “command-and-control”. Environmental markets may ultimately help to find solutions to issues such as rainforest destruction, water problems and biodiversity threats.
Written in an engaging, narrative style, Good Derivatives will be of interest to both practitioners and general readers who want to better understand the creative process of financial innovation. In the middle of so much distrust of markets, it is also a recipe of how transparent, well-regulated markets can be a force for good in the environmental, health, and social areas.
Chapter 1 The Early Years 1
Chapter 2 Trying to Change the World 23
Chapter 3 The Berkeley Years 47
Chapter 4 The Chicago Board of Trade Years: The Commodity Futures Contract 65
Chapter 5 The Chicago Board of Trade Years: Financial Futures Contract 89
Chapter 6 Educating Users and Building the Market 125
Chapter 7 Treasury Bond and Note Futures 139
Chapter 8 The Decade of the Eighties 167
Chapter 9 Globalizing Chicago Exchanges 191
Chapter 10 Environmental Finance 205
Chapter 11 Blame It on Rio 223
Chapter 12 The Beginning of the Entrepreneurial Years 239
Chapter 13 You’re Gonna Trade What? 265
Chapter 14 From the Pit to the Box 291
Chapter 15 Conceiving a New Kind of Exchange 313
Chapter 16 The Twenty-First Century Lighthouse 327
Chapter 17 CCX Market Architecture 351
Chapter 18 Chicago Climate Exchange 375
Chapter 19 The Rise of the Chicago Climate Exchange 393
Chapter 20 The Fall of the Chicago Climate Exchange 413
Chapter 21 The Chicago Climate Futures Exchange 429
Chapter 22 The European Climate Exchange 453
Chapter 23 India 479
Chapter 24 Opening New Markets in China 501
Chapter 25 Good Derivatives 533
Richard L. Sandor is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Environmental Financial Products LLC, which specializes in inventing, designing, and developing new financial markets with a special emphasis on investment advisory services. EFP was established in 1998 and was the predecessor company and incubator to the Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX), the European Climate Exchange (ECX), and the Chicago Climate Futures Exchange (CCFE). Dr. Sandor was honored by the City of Chicago for his contribution to the creation of financial futures and his universal recognition as the "father of financial futures." In October 2007, he was honored as one of Time magazine's "Heroes of the Environment" for his work as the "Father of Carbon Trading." Dr. Sandor is a Distinguished Professor of Environmental Finance at Guanghua School of Management at Peking University and a Lecturer in Law at The University of Chicago Law School.