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Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the OMAP - L138 eXperimenter

ISBN: 978-1-118-22895-1
450 pages
March 2012
Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the OMAP - L138 eXperimenter (1118228952) cover image
Teaches digital signal processing concepts via hands-on examples

The OMAP-L138 eXperimenter is the latest inexpensive DSP development system to be adopted by the Texas Instruments University Program. The OMAP-L138 processor contains both ARM and DSP cores and is aimed at portable and mobile multimedia applications. This book concentrates on the demonstration of real-time DSP algorithms implemented on its C6748 DSP core.

Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the OMAP-L138 eXperimenter provides an extensive and comprehensive set of program examples to aid instructors in teaching DSP in a laboratory using audio frequency signals—making it an ideal text for DSP courses at senior undergraduate and postgraduate levels.

Subjects covered include polling-based, interrupt-based, and DMA-based I/O methods, and how real-time programs may be run using the board support library (BSL), the DSP/BIOS real-time operating system, or the DSP/BIOS Platform Support Package.

Chapters include:

  • Analog input and output with the OMAP-L138 eXperimenter

  • Finite impulse response filters

  • Infinite impulse response filters

  • Fast Fourier transform

  • Adaptive filters

  • DSP/BIOS and platform support package

Each chapter begins with a review of background theory and then presents a number of real-time program examples to reinforce understanding of that theory and to demonstrate the use of the OMAP-L138 eXperimenter and Texas Instruments Code Composer Studio integrated development environment.

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Preface xi

List of Examples xiii

1. OMAP-L138 Development System 1

1.1 Introduction 1

1.1.1 Digital Signal Processors 3

1.2 Hardware and Software Tools 4

1.2.1 Zoom OMAP-L138 eXperimenter Board 6

1.2.2 C6748 Processor 6

1.2.3 Code Composer Studio IDE 6

1.2.4 Installation of Code Composer Studio Software Version 4 and Support Files 7

1.3 Initial Test of the Experimenter Using a Program Supplied with this Book 8

1.4 Programming Examples to Test the Experimenter 14

1.5 Support Files 31

1.5.1 Initialization and Configuration File (L138_aic3106_init.c) 31

1.5.2 Header File (L138_aic3106_init.h) 32

1.5.3 Vector Files (vectors_intr.asm and vectors_poll.asm) 32

1.5.4 Linker Command File (linker_dsp.cmd) 34

Exercises 36

References 37

2. Analog Input and Output with the OMAP-L138 eXperimenter 38

2.1 Introduction 38

2.1.1 Sampling, Reconstruction, and Aliasing 39

2.2 TLV320AIC3106 (AIC3106) On-Board Stereo Codec for Analog Input and Output 39

2.3 Programming Examples Using C Code 41

2.3.1 Real-Time Input and Output Using Polling, Interrupts, and Direct Memory Access 41

2.3.2 Real-Time Sine Wave Generation 64

References 102

3. Finite Impulse Response Filters 103

3.1 Introduction to Digital Filters 103

3.1.1 FIR Filter 103

3.1.2 Introduction to the z-Transform 105

3.1.3 Properties of the z-Transform 107

3.1.4 z-Transfer Functions 109

3.1.5 Mapping from the s-Plane to the z-Plane 109

3.1.6 Difference Equations 111

3.1.7 Frequency Response and the z-Transform 112

3.1.8 Ideal Filter Response Classifications: LP, HP, BP, and BS 112

3.1.9 Window Method of Filter Design 113

3.1.10 Window Functions 114

3.1.11 Design of Band-Pass and High-Pass Filters Using Frequency Shifting 120

3.2 Programming Examples Using C And ASM Code 123

References 158

4. Infinite Impulse Response Filters 159

4.1 Introduction 159

4.2 IIR Filter Structures 160

4.2.1 Direct Form I Structure 160

4.2.2 Direct Form II Structure 161

4.2.3 Direct Form II Transpose 162

4.2.4 Cascade Structure 164

4.2.5 Parallel Form Structure 165

4.3 Impulse Invariance 166

4.4 Bilinear Transformation 167

4.4.1 Bilinear Transform Design Procedure 169

4.5 Programming Examples Using C and ASM Code 169

4.5.1 Design of a Simple IIR Low-Pass Filter 169

Reference 211

5. Fast Fourier Transform 212

5.1 Introduction 212

5.2 Development of the FFT Algorithm with Radix-2 213

5.3 Decimation-In-Frequency FFT Algorithm with Radix-2 214

5.4 Decimation-In-Time FFT Algorithm with RADIX-2 218

5.4.1 Reordered Sequences in the Radix-2 FFT and Bit-Reversed Addressing 220

5.5 Decimation-In-Frequency FFT Algorithm with Radix-4 221

5.6 Inverse Fast Fourier Transform 223

5.7 Programming Examples Using C Code 223

5.7.1 Frame- or Block-Based Processing 233

5.7.2 Fast Convolution 258

References 278

6. Adaptive Filters 279

6.1 Introduction 279

6.2 Adaptive Filter Configurations 280

6.2.1 Adaptive Prediction 280

6.2.2 System Identification or Direct Modeling 281

6.2.3 Noise Cancellation 281

6.2.4 Equalization 283

6.3 Performance Function 283

6.3.1 Visualizing the Performance Function 285

6.4 Searching for the Minimum 285

6.5 Least Mean Squares Algorithm 287

6.5.1 LMS Variants 288

6.6 Programming Examples 288

7. DSP/BIOS and Platform Support Package 307

7.1 Introduction to DSP/BIOS 307

7.1.1 DSP/BIOS Threads 307

7.1.2 DSP/BIOS Configuration Tool 308

7.1.3 DSP/BIOS Start-Up Sequence 309

7.1.4 Hardware Interrupts 310

7.1.5 Software Interrupts 320

7.1.6 Tasks and Idle Functions 322

7.1.7 Periodic Functions 327

7.1.8 Real-Time Analysis with DSP/BIOS 329

7.2 DSP/BIOS Platform Support Package 329

References 335

Index 337

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Donald Reay is a Lecturer at Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh, Scotland. He has also taught hands-on DSP, on a number of occasions, as a visiting lecturer at Zhejiang University in Hangzhou, China. He coauthored, with Rulph Chassaing, the Second Edition of Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the TMS320C6713 and TMS320C6416 DSK, also published by Wiley.
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