Sybex

Home Certification IT Administration Architecture & Design
3D Animation & CGI Internet Marketing
Print this page Share
E-book

CASP: CompTIA Advanced Security Practitioner Study Guide Authorized Courseware: Exam CAS-001

ISBN: 978-1-118-23661-1
552 pages
February 2012
CASP: CompTIA Advanced Security Practitioner Study Guide Authorized Courseware: Exam CAS-001 (1118236610) cover image
Get Prepared for CompTIA Advanced Security Practitioner (CASP) Exam

Targeting security professionals who either have their CompTIA Security+ certification or are looking to achieve a more advanced security certification, this CompTIA Authorized study guide is focused on the new CompTIA Advanced Security Practitioner (CASP) Exam CAS-001. Veteran IT security expert and author Michael Gregg details the technical knowledge and skills you need to conceptualize, design, and engineer secure solutions across complex enterprise environments. He prepares you for aspects of the certification test that assess how well you apply critical thinking and judgment across a broad spectrum of security disciplines.

Featuring clear and concise information on crucial security topics, this study guide includes examples and insights drawn from real-world experience to help you not only prepare for the exam, but also your career. You will get complete coverage of exam objectives for all topic areas including:

  • Securing Enterprise-level Infrastructures
  • Conducting Risk Management Assessment
  •   Implementing Security Policies and Procedures
  • Researching and Analyzing Industry Trends
  • Integrating Computing, Communications and Business Disciplines

Additionally, you can download a suite of study tools to help you prepare including an assessment test, two practice exams, electronic flashcards, and a glossary of key terms. Go to www.sybex.com/go/casp and download the full set of electronic test prep tools.

See More
Foreword xxi

Introduction xxvii

Assessment Test xliv

Chapter 1 Cryptographic Tools and Techniques 1

The History of Cryptography 2

Cryptographic Services 3

Cryptographic Goals 3

Cryptographic Terms 4

Cipher Types and Methods 6

Symmetric Encryption 8

Data Encryption Standard 10

Triple-DES 11

Advanced Encryption Standard 12

International Data Encryption Algorithm 12

Rivest Cipher Algorithms 13

Asymmetric Encryption 13

Diffie–Hellman 14

RSA 15

Elliptic Curve Cryptography 16

El Gamal 16

Merkle–Hellman Knapsack 16

Hybrid Encryption 16

Hashing 17

Hashing and Message Digests 17

MD Series 19

SHA 19

HAVAL 19

Message Authentication Code 20

HMAC 20

Digital Signatures 20

Public Key Infrastructure 22

Certificate Authority 22

Registration Authority 23

Certificate Revocation List 23

Digital Certificates 24

Certificate Distribution 26

The Client’s Role in PKI 26

Cryptographic Solutions 27

Application Layer Encryption 27

Transport Layer Encryption 28

Internet Layer Controls 28

Physical Layer Controls 29

Cryptographic Attacks 30

Summary 31

Exam Essentials 31

Review Questions 33

Chapter 2 Comprehensive Security Solutions 37

Advanced Network Design 39

Remote Access 40

Placement of Security Devices 41

SCADA 44

VoIP 45

TCP/IP 47

Network Interface Layer 48

Internet Layer 50

Transport Layer 55

Application Layer 57

Secure Communication Solutions 60

Secure Facility Solutions 66

Building Layouts 66

Facilities Management 67

Secure Network Infrastructure Design 67

Router Configuration 68

Enterprise Service Bus 69

Web Services Security 70

Summary 70

Exam Essentials 71

Review Questions 73

Chapter 3 Securing Virtualized, Distributed, and Shared Computing 77

Enterprise Security 79

Cloud Computing 81

Cloud Computing Models 82

Cloud Computing Providers 83

Benefits of Cloud Computing 83

Security of Cloud Computing 86

Cloud Computing Vulnerabilities 90

Virtualization 92

Virtualized Servers 93

Virtual LANs 97

Enterprise Storage 98

Summary 103

Exam Essentials 103

Review Questions 105

Chapter 4 Host Security 109

Firewalls and Access Control Lists 110

Host-Based Firewalls 114

Trusted Operating System 117

Endpoint Security Software 121

Anti-malware 124

Antivirus 124

Anti-spyware 126

Spam Filters 128

Host Hardening 129

Asset Management 133

Data Exfiltration 134

Intrusion Detection and Prevention 135

Summary 139

Exam Essentials 139

Review Questions 141

Chapter 5 Application Security and Penetration Testing 145

Application Security 147

Specific Application Issues 149

Cross-Site Scripting 150

Clickjacking 151

Session Management 151

Input Validation 152

SQL Injection 153

Application Sandboxing 154

Application Security Framework 154

Standard Libraries 155

Secure Coding Standards 156

Application Exploits 157

Escalation of Privilege 158

Improper Storage of Sensitive Data 159

Cookie Storage and Transmission 159

Process Handling at the Client and Server 160

Ajax 161

JavaScript 161

Buffer Overflow 162

Memory Leaks 163

Integer Overflow 163

Race Conditions (TOC/TOU) 163

Resource Exhaustion 164

Security Assessments and Penetration Testing 165

Test Methods 166

Penetration Testing Steps 166

Assessment Types 167

Assessment Areas 168

Security Assessment and Penetration Test Tools 170

Summary 182

Exam Essentials 182

Review Questions 184

Chapter 6 Risk Management 189

Risk Terminology 191

Identifying Vulnerabilities 192

Operational Risks 195

Risk in Business Models 195

Risk in External and Internal Influences 201

Risks with Data 204

The Risk Assessment Process 210

Asset Identification 210

Information Classification 212

Risk Assessment 213

Risk Analysis Options 217

Implementing Controls 218

Continuous Monitoring 219

Enterprise Security Architecture Frameworks 220

Best Practices for Risk Assessments 220

Summary 221

Exam Essentials 222

Review Questions 224

Chapter 7 Policies, Procedures, and Incident Response 229

A High-Level View of Documentation 231

The Policy Development Process 232

Policies and Procedures 233

Business Documents Used to Support Security 237

Documents and Controls Used for Sensitive Information 239

Why Security? 240

Personally Identifiable Information Controls 240

Data Breach 242

Policies Used to Manage Employees 243

Auditing Requirements and Frequency 247

The Incident Response Framework 248

Digital Forensics 250

The Role of Training and Employee Awareness 254

Summary 255

Exam Essentials 256

Review Questions 258

Chapter 8 Security Research and Analysis 263

Analyzing Industry Trends and Outlining Potential Impact 266

Performing Ongoing Research 266

Best Practices 270

New Technologies 273

Situational Awareness 281

Research Security Implications of New Business Tools 290

Global IA Industry Community 293

Research Security Requirements for Contracts 296

Carrying Out Relevant Analysis to Secure the Enterprise 298

Benchmarking 298

Prototyping and Testing Multiple Solutions 298

Cost-Benefit Analysis 299

Analyzing and Interpreting Trend Data to Anticipate Cyber Defense Aids 299

Reviewing Effectiveness of Existing Security 299

Reverse Engineering or Deconstructing Existing Solutions 301

Analyzing Security Solutions to Ensure They Meet Business Needs 301

Conducting a Lessons Learned/After-Action Review 302

Using Judgment to Solve Difficult Problems 303

Conducting Network Traffic Analysis 303

Summary 304

Exam Essentials 305

Review Questions 306

Chapter 9 Enterprise Security Integration 311

Integrate Enterprise Disciplines to Achieve Secure Solutions 313

The Role of Governance in Achieving Enterprise Security 315

Interpreting Security Requirements and Goals to Communicate with Other Disciplines 317

Guidance to Management 320

Establish Effective Collaboration within Teams to Implement Secure Solutions 322

Disciplines 325

Explain the Security Impact of Interorganizational Change 328

Security Concerns of Interconnecting Multiple Industries 330

Design Considerations During Mergers, Acquisitions, and De-mergers 331

Assuring Third-Party Products Only Introduce Acceptable Risk 332

Network Secure Segmentation and Delegation 334

Integration of Products and Services 336

Summary 337

Exam Essentials 338

Review Questions 339

Chapter 10 Security Controls for Communication and Collaboration 343

Selecting and Distinguishing the Appropriate Security Controls 345

Unified Communication Security 345

VoIP Security 354

VoIP Implementation 356

Remote Access 357

Enterprise Configuration Management of Mobile Devices 358

Secure External Communications 359

Secure Implementation of Collaboration Platforms 360

Prioritizing Traffic with QoS 362

Mobile Devices 363

Advanced Authentication Tools, Techniques, and Concepts 365

Federated Identity Management 365

XACML 366

SOAP 366

SSO 367

Service Provisioning Markup Language 368

Certificate-Based Authentication 369

Carrying Out Security Activities across the Technology Life Cycle 370

End-to-End Solution Ownership 370

Understanding the Results of Solutions in Advance 371

Systems Development Life Cycle 373

Addressing Emerging Threats and Security Trends 375

Validating System Designs 376

Summary 378

Exam Essentials 378

Review Questions 380

Appendix A CASP Lab Manual 385

What You’ll Need 386

Lab A1: Download, Verify, and Install a Virtual Environment 389

Lab A2: Explore Your Virtual Network 392

Lab A3: Port Scanning 396

Lab A4: Introduction to a Protocol Analyzer 400

Lab A5: Web Vulnerabilities 406

Lab A6: Introduction to the Nessus Vulnerability Scanner 408

Lab A7: Verify a Baseline Security Configuration 411

Lab A8: Basic Introduction to Windows Forensic Tools 413

Lab A9: Introduction to Helix 421

Lab A10: Introduction to Hashing 425

Lab A11: File Encryption 428

Lab A12: Cracking Encrypted Files 429

Lab A13: Intrusion Detection 431

Lab A14: An Introduction to Signature-Based Scanning 433

Lab A15: Rootkit Detection 437

Lab A16: Threat Modeling 440

Lab A17: Introduction to the Metasploit Framework 442

Lab A18: Social Engineering 445

Lab A19: Routing, Switching, and Security 449

Lab A20: Further Exploration 460

Appendix B Answers to Review Questions 463

Chapter 1: Cryptographic Tools and Techniques 464

Chapter 2: Comprehensive Security Solutions 465

Chapter 3: Securing Virtualized, Distributed, and Shared Computing 466

Chapter 4: Host Security 467

Chapter 5: Application Security and Penetration Testing 468

Chapter 6: Risk Management 469

Chapter 7: Policies, Procedures, and Incident Response 471

Chapter 8: Security Research and Analysis 472

Chapter 9: Enterprise Security Integration 473

Chapter 10: Security Controls for Communication and Collaboration 474

Appendix C About the Additional Study Tools 475

Additional Study Tools 476

Sybex Test Engine 476

Electronic Flashcards 476

PDF of Glossary of Terms 476

Adobe Reader 476

System Requirements 477

Using the Study Tools 477

Troubleshooting 477

Customer Care 478

Index 479

See More

Michael Gregg is the COO of Superior Solutions, Inc. (www.thesolutionfirm.com), a Houston-based consulting firm that performs security assessments and penetration testing for Fortune 1000 companies. He is an expert on security, networking, and Internet technologies, and has written over 14 books on IT security. Michael holds the following certifications: CISSP, CISA, CISM, MCSE, MCT, CTT+, A+, Network+, Security+, CNA, CCNA, CIW Security Analyst, CCE, CEH, CHFI, CEI, DCNP, ES Dragon IDS, ES Advanced Dragon IDS, and SSCP. Billy Haines, CCNA Security, CISSP Associate, is a systems engineer for a science, engineering, technology, and applications company in the greater San Diego area. Prior to that, he was a network security vulnerability technician with the U.S. Navy, specializing in advanced networking, intrusion detection, vulnerability management, information assurance, and comprehensive defense-in-depth implementation.

See More