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Contemporary Issues in Systems Science and Engineering

ISBN: 978-1-118-27186-5
888 pages
April 2015, Wiley-IEEE Press
Contemporary Issues in Systems Science and Engineering (1118271866) cover image

Description

Various systems science and engineering disciplines are covered and challenging new research issues in these disciplines are revealed. They will be extremely valuable for the readers to search for some new research directions and problems.

  • Chapters are contributed by world-renowned systems engineers
  • Chapters include discussions and conclusions
  • Readers can grasp each event holistically without having professional expertise in the field
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Table of Contents

CONTRIBUTORS xxiii

PREFACE xxix

I SYSTEMS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING METHODOLOGIES 1

1 A SYSTEMS FRAMEWORK FOR SUSTAINABILITY 3
Ali G. Hessami, Feng Hsu, and Hamid Jahankhani

1.1 Introduction 3

1.2 A Unified Systems Sustainability Concept 5

1.3 Sustainability Assurance: The Framework 6

1.4 Technological Sustainability Case Study—Information Systems Security 13

1.5 Conclusions 17

2 SYSTEM OF SYSTEMS THINKING IN POLICY DEVELOPMENT: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES 21
Keith W. Hipel, Liping Fang, and Michele Bristow

2.1 Introduction 21

2.3 Complex Adaptive Systems 32

2.4 Risk, Uncertainty, and Unpredictability 37

2.5 System of Systems Modeling and Policy Development 42

2.6 Conclusions 58

3 SYSTEMIC YOYOS: AN INTUITION AND PLAYGROUND FOR GENERAL SYSTEMS RESEARCH 71
Yi Lin, Yi Dongyun, and Zaiwu Gong

3.1 Introduction 71

3.2 Theoretical and Empirical Justifications 81

3.3 Elementary Properties of Yoyo Fields 91

3.4 Applications in Social Sciences 102

3.5 Applications in Economics 113

3.6 Applications in the Foundations of Mathematics 127

3.7 Applications in Extreme Weather Forecast 137

3.8 Conclusions 143

4 GREY SYSTEM: THINKING, METHODS, AND MODELS WITH APPLICATIONS 153
Sifeng Liu, Jeffrey Y.L. Forrest, and Yingjie Yang

4.1 Introduction 153

4.2 Sequence Operators 157

4.3 Grey Incidence Analysis 163

4.4 Grey Cluster Evaluation Models 168

4.5 Grey Prediction Models 176

4.6 Grey Models for Decision-Making 193

4.7 Practical Applications 202

4.8 Introduction to the Software of Grey System Modeling 211

5 BUILDING RESILIENCE: NAVAL EXPEDITIONARY COMMAND AND CONTROL 225
Christopher Nemeth, Thomas Miller, Michael Polidoro, and C. Matthew O'Connor

5.1 Introduction 225

5.2 Expeditionary Operations Command and Control 226

5.3.1 Envisioned World Problem 229

5.4 Discussion 232

5.5 Future Work 236

5.6 Conclusions 237

II LEARNING AND CONTROL 241

6 ADVANCES AND CHALLENGES ON INTELLIGENT LEARNING IN CONTROL SYSTEMS 243
Ching-Chih Tsai, Kao-Shing Hwang, Alan Liu, and Chia-Feng Juang

6.1 Introduction 243

6.2 Reinforcement Learning 245

6.3 Bio-Inspired Evolutionary Learning Control 252

6.4 Intelligent Learning Control Using Fuzzy Neural Networks 254

6.5 Case-Based Reasoning and Learning 257

6.6 Conclusions 260

7 ADAPTIVE CLASSIFIERS FOR NONSTATIONARY ENVIRONMENTS 265
Cesare Alippi, Giacomo Boracchi, Manuel Roveri, Gregory Ditzler, and Robi Polikar

7.1 Introduction 265

7.2 Definition of the Problem 266

7.3 Learning Concept Drifts 268

7.4 Change Detection 272

7.5 Assessing the Performance: Figures of Merit 278

7.6 Conclusions 282

8 MODELING, ANALYSIS, SCHEDULING, AND CONTROL OF CLUSTER TOOLS IN SEMICONDUCTOR FABRICATION 289
Nai Qi Wu, Mengchu Zhou, Feng Chu, and Sayd Mammar

8.1 Introduction 289

8.2 Cluster Tools and Their Operations 290

8.3 Modeling and Performance Evaluation 295

8.4 Single Cluster Tool Scheduling 302

8.5 Scheduling of Multi-cluster Tools 308

8.6 Conclusions 311

9 DESIGN, SIMULATION, AND DYNAMIC CONTROL OF LARGE-SCALE MANUFACTURING PROCESS WITH DIFFERENT FORMS OF UNCERTAINTIES 317
Hyunsoo Lee and Amarnath Banerjee

9.1 Introduction 317

9.2 Background and Literature Review 322

9.3 Different Types of Uncertainties and FCPN-std 327

9.4 Design of Large-Scale Manufacturing Processes 333

9.5 Dynamic Control of Manufacturing Processes 335

9.6 Conclusions 339

10 MODEL IDENTIFICATION AND SYNTHESIS OF DISCRETE-EVENT SYSTEMS 343
Maria Paola Cabasino, Philippe Darondeau, Maria Pia Fanti, and Carla Seatzu

10.1 Introduction 343

10.2 Background on Finite State Automata and Petri Nets 344

10.3 Identification and Synthesis of Languages and Finite State Automata 347

10.4 Identification and Synthesis of Petri Nets 349

10.5 Process Mining and Workflow Problems 361

10.6 Conclusions 363

III HUMAN–MACHINE SYSTEMS DESIGN 367

11 ADVANCES AND CHALLENGES IN INTELLIGENT ADAPTIVE INTERFACE DESIGN 369
Ming Hou, Haibin Zhu, Mengchu Zhou, and Robert Arrabito

11.1 Introduction 369

11.2 Evolution of Interface Technologies and IAI Concept 372

11.3 Challenges of IAI Design, Alternative Solutions, and Empirical Investigations 381

11.4 Multiagent-Based Design and Operator–Agent Interaction 389

11.5 A Generic IAI System Architecture and AIA Components 397

11.6 An IAI and AIA Design: Case Study 405

11.7 Conclusions 415

12 A COMPLEX ADAPTIVE SYSTEM OF SYSTEMS APPROACH TO HUMAN–AUTOMATION INTERACTION IN SMART GRID 425
Alireza Fereidunian, Hamid Lesani, Mohammad Ali Zamani, Mohamad Amin Sharifi Kolarijani, Negar Hassanpour, and Sina Sharif Mansouri

12.1 Introduction 425

12.2 Complexity in Systems Science and Engineering 426

12.3 Complex Adaptive Systems 436

12.4 System of Systems 442

12.5 Complex Adaptive System of Systems 453

12.6 Human–Automation Interaction 454

12.7 HAI in Smart Grid as a Casos 462

12.8 Petri Nets for Complex Systems Modeling 467

12.9 Model-Based Implementation of Adaptive Autonomy 471

12.10 Adaptive Autonomy Realization Using Petri Nets 473

12.11 Conclusions 483

13 VIRTUAL TRAINING FOR PROCEDURAL SKILLS DEVELOPMENT: CASE STUDIES AND LESSONS LEARNT 501
Dawei Jia, Asim Bhatti, and Saeid Nahavandi

13.1 Introduction 501

13.2 Related Work 502

13.3 Present Study 505

13.4 Case Study 1 509

13.5 Case Study 2 516

13.6 Lessons Learnt and Future Work 527

13.7 Conclusions 531

14 COMPUTER SUPPORTED COLLABORATIVE DESIGN: TECHNOLOGIES, SYSTEMS, AND APPLICATIONS 537
Weiming Shen, Jean-Paul Barthes, and Junzhou Luo

14.1 Introduction 537

14.2 History of Computer Supported Collaborative Design 538

14.3 Methods, Techniques, and Technologies 542

14.4 Collaborative Design Systems 555

14.5 Applications 560

14.6 Research Challenges and Opportunities 561

14.7 Conclusions 564

15 SUPPORT COLLABORATION WITH ROLES 575
Haibin Zhu, Mengchu Zhou, and Ming Hou

15.1 Introduction 575

15.2 Benefits of Roles in Collaboration 577

15.3 Role-Based Collaboration 585

15.4 E-Cargo Model 590

15.5 A Case Study with RBC and E-Cargo 592

15.6 Conclusions 595

IV CLOUD AND SERVICE-ORIENTED COMPUTING 599

16 CONTROL-BASED APPROACHES TO DYNAMIC RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN CLOUD COMPUTING 601
Pengcheng Xiong, Calton Pu, Zhikui Wang, and Gueyoung Jung

16.1 Introduction 601

16.2 Experimental Setup and Application Models 603

16.2.1 Test Bed and Control Architecture for a Multi-Tier Application 604

16.3 Dynamic Resource Allocation Through Utilization Control 607

16.4 Performance Guarantee Through Dynamic Resource Allocation 612

16.5 Conclusions 614

17 A PETRI NET SOLUTION TO PROTOCOL-LEVEL MISMATCHES IN SERVICE COMPOSITION 619
Pengcheng Xiong, Mengchu Zhou, Calton Pu, and Yushun Fan

17.1 Introduction 619

17.2 Modeling Service Interaction with Petri Nets 624

17.3 Protocol-Level Mismatch Analysis 630

17.4 Illustrating Examples 636

17.5 Conclusions 638

18 SERVICE-ORIENTED WORKFLOW SYSTEMS 645
Wei Tan and Mengchu Zhou

18.1 Introduction 645

18.2 Workflow in SOC: State of the Art 647

18.3 Open Issues 652

18.4 Conclusions 656

V SENSING, NETWORKING, AND OPTIMIZATION IN ROBOTICS AND MANUFACTURING 661

19 REHABILITATION ROBOTIC PROSTHESES FOR UPPER EXTREMITY 663
Han-Pang Huang, Yi-Hung Liu, Wei-Chen Lee, Jiun-Yih Kuan, and Tzu-Hao Huang

19.1 Introduction 663

19.2 Rehabilitation Robot Arm and Control 664

19.3 Rehabilitation Robot Hand 678

19.4 Stability of Neuroprosthesis 683

19.5 Conclusions 691

20 ACCELEROMETER-BASED BODY SENSOR NETWORK (BSN) FOR MEDICAL DIAGNOSIS ASSESSMENT AND TRAINING 699
Ming-Yih Lee, Kin Fong Lei, Wen-Yen Lin, Wann-Yun Shieh, Wen-Wei Tsai, Simon H. Fu, and Chung-Hsien Kuo

20.1 Introduction 699

20.2 Body Sensor Network 700

20.3 Information Retrieved from Accelerometer 702

20.4 Recent Advances in Accelerometer-Based BSN 703

20.5 Applications of Accelerometer-Based BSN for Rehabilitation 711

20.6 BSN Simulation System 715

20.7 Conclusions 718

21 TELEPRESENCE ROBOTS FOR MEDICAL AND HOMECARE APPLICATIONS 725
Jun-Ming Lu and Yeh-Liang Hsu

21.1 Introduction 725

21.2 Surgery, Diagnosis, and Consultation 727

21.3 Rehabilitation and Therapy 728

21.4 Monitoring and Assistance 728

21.5 Communication 729

21.6 Key Factors Contributing to the Success of Telepresence Robots 729

21.7 Conclusions 732

22 ADVANCES IN CLIMBING ROBOTS 737
Jizhong Xiao and Hongguang Wang

22.1 Introduction 737

22.2 Technologies for Adhering to Surfaces 738

22.3 Locomotion Techniques of Climbing Robots 755

22.4 Conclusions 759

23 DATA PROCESSING IN CURRENT 3D ROBOTIC PERCEPTION SYSTEMS 767
Cang Ye

23.1 Introduction 767

23.2 An LIDAR-Based Terrain Mapping and Navigation System 771

23.3 FLC-Based Systems 781

23.4 Conclusions 791

24 HYBRID/ELECTRIC VEHICLE BATTERY MANUFACTURING: THE STATE-OF-THE-ART 795
Claudia P. Arenas Guerrero, Feng Ju, Jingshan Li, Guoxian Xiao, and Stephan Biller

24.1 Introduction 795

24.2 Vehicle Battery Requirements 796

24.3 Hybrid, Plug-In Hybrid, and Electric Vehicle 797

24.4 Battery Technology Development 798

24.5 Nickel-Metal Hydride Battery 799

24.6 Lithium-Ion (Li-Ion) Battery 802

24.7 Challenges 810

24.8 Conclusions 812

25 RECENT ADVANCES AND ISSUES IN FACILITY LOCATION PROBLEMS 817
Feng Chu, Zhanguo Zhu, and Sayd Mammar

25.1 Introduction 817

25.2 A Capacitated Plant Location Problem with Multicommodity Flow 819

25.3 A Multitype Transshipment Point Location Problem with Multicommodity Flow 821

25.4 A Large Scale New Variant of Capacitated Clustering Problem 824

25.5 A Location Problem with Selective Matching and Vehicles Assignment 826

25.6 Competitive Facility Location and Design with Reactions of Competitors Already in the Market 828

25.7 Conclusions and Future Research Directions 831

References 832

INDEX 835

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Author Information

MengChu Zhou is a Distinguished Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), USA. He is an Associate Editor of IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems, and is a fellow of IEEE, IFAC, and AAAS.

Han-Xiong Li is a Professor in the Department of Systems Science and Engineering and Engineering Management at the City University of Hong Kong, HK. Dr. Li Serves as an Associate Editor of IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics, and IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics. He is a Fellow of the IEEE.

Margot Weijnen is a full Professor of Process and Energy Systems Engineering at Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands. She is the founding and Scientific Director of Next Generation Infrastructures and, since 2013, a member of the Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy. She is a founding fellow of ISEAM and European editor of the Journal of Critical Infrastructures.
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