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3G, 4G and Beyond: Bringing Networks, Devices and the Web Together, 2nd Edition

ISBN: 978-1-118-34148-3
378 pages
February 2013
3G, 4G and Beyond: Bringing Networks, Devices and the Web Together, 2nd Edition (1118341481) cover image

Extensively updated evaluation of current and future network technologies, applications and devices 

This book follows on from its successful predecessor with an introduction to next generation network technologies, mobile devices, voice and multimedia services and the mobile web 2.0.  Giving a sound technical introduction to 3GPP wireless systems, this book explains the decisions taken during standardization of the most popular wireless network standards today, LTE, LTE-Advanced and HSPA+.  It discusses how these elements strongly influence each other and how network capabilities, available bandwidth, mobile device capabilities and new application concepts will shape the way we communicate in the future.  This Second Edition presents a comprehensive and broad-reaching examination of a fast-moving technology which will be a welcome update for researchers and professionals alike. 

Key features:

  • Fully updated and expanded to include new sections including VoLTE, the evolution to 4G, mobile Internet access, LTE-Advanced, Wi-Fi security and backhaul for wireless networks
  • Describes the successful commercialization of Web 2.0 services such as Facebook, and the emergence of app stores, tablets and smartphones
  • Examines the evolution of mobile devices and operating systems, including ARM and x86 architecture and their application to voice-optimized and multimedia devices
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Preface xi

1 Evolution from 2G over 3G to 4G 1

1.1 First Half of the 1990s—Voice-Centric Communication 1

1.2 Between 1995 and 2000: The Rise of Mobility and the Internet 1

1.3 Between 2000 and 2005: Dot Com Burst, Web 2.0, Mobile Internet 2

1.4 Between 2005 and 2010: Global Coverage, Fixed Line VoIP, and Mobile Broadband 4

1.5 2010 and Beyond 5

1.6 All over IP in Mobile—The Biggest Challenge 6

1.7 Summary 6

2 Beyond 3G Network Architectures 9

2.1 Overview 9

2.2 UMTS, HSPA, and HSPA+ 10

2.3 LTE 43

2.4 802.11 Wi-Fi 74

3 Network Capacity and Usage Scenarios 95

3.1 Usage in Developed Markets and Emerging Economies 95

3.2 How to Control Mobile Usage 96

3.3 Measuring Mobile Usage from a Financial Point of View 99

3.4 Cell Capacity in Downlink 100

3.5 Current and Future Frequency Bands for Cellular Wireless 105

3.6 Cell Capacity in Uplink 106

3.7 Per-User Throughput in Downlink 109

3.8 Per-User Throughput in Uplink 114

3.9 Traffic Estimation Per User 116

3.10 Overall Wireless Network Capacity 117

3.11 Network Capacity for Train Routes, Highways, and Remote Areas 124

3.12 When will GSM be Switched Off? 125

3.13 Cellular Network VoIP Capacity 127

3.14 Wi-Fi VoIP Capacity 130

3.15 Wi-Fi and Interference 132

3.16 Wi-Fi Capacity in Combination with DSL, Cable, and Fiber 134

3.17 Backhaul for Wireless Networks 138

3.18 A Hybrid Cellular/Wi-Fi Network Today and in the Future 143

4 Voice over Wireless 149

4.1 Circuit-Switched Mobile Voice Telephony 150

4.2 Packet-Switched Voice Telephony 153

4.3 SIP Telephony over Fixed and Wireless Networks 157

4.4 Voice and Related Applications over IMS 169

4.5 Voice over DSL and Cable with Femtocells 223

4.6 Unlicensed Mobile Access and Generic Access Network 228

4.7 Network Operator Deployed Voice over IP Alternatives 231

4.8 Over-the-Top (OTT) Voice over IP Alternatives 236

4.9 Which Voice Technology will Reign in the Future? 237

5 Evolution of Mobile Devices and Operating Systems 241

5.1 Introduction 241

5.2 The System Architecture for Voice-Optimized Devices 246

5.3 The System Architecture for Multimedia Devices 248

5.4 Mobile Graphics Acceleration 253

5.5 Hardware Evolution 256

5.6 Multimode, Multifrequency Terminals 273

5.7 Wireless Notebook Connectivity 276

5.8 Impact of Hardware Evolution on Future Data Traffic 277

5.9 Power Consumption and User Interface as the Dividing Line in Mobile Device Evolution 279

5.10 Feature Phone Operating Systems 280

5.11 Smartphone Operating Systems 282

5.12 Operating System Tasks 288

6 Mobile Web 2.0, Apps, and Owners 297

6.1 Overview 297

6.2 (Mobile) Web 1.0—How Everything Started 298

6.3 Web 2.0—Empowering the User 299

6.4 Web 2.0 from the User’s Point of View 299

6.5 The Ideas behind Web 2.0 306

6.6 Discovering the Fabrics of Web 2.0 310

6.7 Mobile Web 2.0—Evolution and Revolution of Web 2.0 321

6.8 (Mobile) Web 2.0 and Privacy and Security Considerations 334

6.9 Mobile Apps 340

6.10 Android App Programing Introduction 342

6.11 Impact of Mobile Apps on Networks and Power Consumption 349

6.12 Mobile Apps Security and Privacy Considerations 351

6.13 Summary 354

7 Conclusion 357

Index 361

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Martin Sauter works in the telecommunication industry as a thought leader, researcher, book author and blogger and is based in Cologne.  His interests are focused on mobile communication networks, multimedia applications and especially the wireless Internet.
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