Fundamentals of the Petrophysics of Oil and Gas Reservoirs
Written by some of the world’s most renowned petroleum and environmental engineers, Petrophysics: The Fundamentals of Oil and Gas Revervoirs is the first book to offer the practicing engineer and engineering student these new cutting-edge techniques for prediction and forecasting in petroleum engineering and environmental management.
List of Contributors xvii
1. Introduction 1
1.1 Characterization of Hydrocarbon Reservoirs 1
1.2 Reservoir Lithologies 13
2. Characterization of Hydrocarbon Reservoirs 57
2.1 Petrophysical Parameters 57
2.2 Porosity, Void Ratio, and Density 57
2.3 Permeability 66
2.4 Specific Surface Area 79
2.5 Interrelationship Among Prorosity, Permeability, and Specific Surface Area 86
2.6 Wettability - Capillarity 98
2.7 Elastic Properties 118
2.8 Acoustic Properties 123
2.9 Electrical Resistivity 128
2.10 Radioactivity 137
2.11 Chemistry of Waters in Shales versus those in Sandstones 149
3. Seismic Parameters 151
3.1 Introduction 151
3.2 Elastic Properties 152
3.3 Velocity and Rock Properties 154
3.4 Pore Pressure 159
3.5 Seismic Anisotropy 164
A. Historical Review 183
B. Mechanics of Fluid Flow 279
C. Glossary 303
Subject Index 369
Leonid Buryakovsky, PhD, is a well-known specialist in petroleum geology, geophysics, petrophysics, geochemistry, and mathematical geology. For twenty-five years, Dr. Buryakovsky was the head of the Department of Petrophysics and Well Log Analysis and Interpretation at the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. He was a professor at the Azerbaijan State Oil Academy in Baku, Azerbaijan, and he has published over 420 scientific and technical papers and twenty-two books. He has six patents and many awards to his name.
George V. Chilingar, PhD, is an Emeritus Professor of Engineering at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles. He is one of the most well-known petroleum geologists in the world and the founder of several prestigious journals in the oil and gas industry. He has published over seventy books and 500 articles and has received over 100 awards over his career.
Herman H. Rieke, PhD, is a Professor of Petroleum Engineering and Geology at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. He has authored or coauthored seven technical books and over 120 technical papers. His accomplishments include many international honors from governments and academies.
Sanghee Shin is a Research Associate of Rudolf W. Gunnerman Energy and Environment Laboratory, University of Southern California, Los Angeles. He is the author of ten articles in the fields of electrokinetics and environmental science.