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Horticultural Reviews, Volume 40

ISBN: 978-1-118-34583-2
456 pages
October 2012, Wiley-Blackwell
Horticultural Reviews, Volume 40 (1118345835) cover image
Horticultural Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on topics in horticultural science and technology covering both basic and applied research. Topics covered include the horticulture of fruits, vegetables, nut crops, and ornamentals. These review articles, written by world authorities, bridge the gap between the specialized researcher and the broader community of horticultural scientists and teachers
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Contributors ix

Dedication: John Reuben Clark xiii
Chad E. Finn

1. Postharvest Biology and Technology of Cut Flowers and Potted Plants 1
Michael S. Reid and Cai-Zhong Jiang

I. Introduction 3

II. The Ornamental Industry 4

III. Factors Affecting the Postharvest Life of Ornamentals 5

IV. Biology of Flower Senescence 29

V. Transgenic Strategies for Extending Floral Life 36

VI. Future Prospects 42

Literature Cited 44

2. Water Relations of Cut Flowers: An Update 55
Wouter G. van Doorn

I. Introduction 57

II. Water Supply to Flowers 57

III. Water Loss: Influence of Stomata 58

IV. Water Uptake: Xylem Blockage 63

V. Small and Coalescing Air Bubbles Form in Cut Stems, in the Absence of Cavitation 88

VI. Water Flow Rate in the Xylem as Affected by Ions in the Water 89

VII. Use of An Artificial Tap Water as a Standard Vase Solution? 90

VIII. Water Stress and Ethylene 93

IX. Conclusions 96

Acknowledgments 97

Literature Cited 97

3. Factors Involved in Fruit Calcium Deficiency Disorders 107
Sergio Tonetto de Freitas and Elizabeth J. Mitcham

I. Introduction 109

II. Physiology of Calcium Deficiency in Fruit Tissue 109

III. Calcium Translocation at the Whole Plant Level 111

IV. Calcium at the Fruit Level 116

V. Calcium at the Cellular Level 118

VI. Role of Abiotic Stress in Calcium Deficiency Disorders 125

VII. Role of Growth Regulators in Calcium Deficiency Disorders 127

VIII. Proposed Mechanisms Controlling Fruit Susceptibility to Calcium Deficiency Disorders 135

Literature Cited 137

4. Rhubarb: Botany, Horticulture, and Genetic Resources 147
Danny L. Barney and Kim E. Hummer

I. Introduction 148

II. Historical 149

III. Botany 156

IV. Horticulture 164

V. World Genetic Resources 170

VI. The Future 178

Acknowledgments 178

Literature Cited 179

Manuscripts 182

5. Ancient Dates and their Potential Use in Breeding 183
Shimshon Ben-Yehoshua and Liat Josefsberg Ben-Yehoshua

I. Introduction 184

II. Dates and Health 189

III. Historical Review 190

IV. Remnants of Dates and Their Potential Uses 203

V. Conclusions 210

Acknowledgments 210

Literature Cited 210

6. The Cucurbits and Nightshades of Renaissance England: John Gerard and William Shakespeare 215
Jules Janick, Harry S. Paris, and Marie-Christine Daunay

I. Introduction 216

II. John Gerard 217

III. William Shakespeare 246

IV. The Connection Between Gerard and Shakespeare 251

V. Conclusion 252

Literature Cited 255

7. Greenhouse Cover Technology 259
Johannes F. J. Max, Ulrich Schurr, Hans-Jürgen Tantau, Urbanus N. Mutwiwa, Thomas Hofmann, and Andreas Ulbrich

I. Introduction 263

II. Greenhouse Superstructures 267

III. Materials Used for Covering Greenhouses 286

IV. Material Combinations 346

V. Plant Response to Greenhouse Covers 350

VI. Comparison and Economic Assessment 368

VII. Conclusions and Prospects 378

Acknowledgments 381

Literature Cited 381

Subject Index 397

Cumulative Subject Index 399

Cumulative Contributor Index 427

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