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Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 36

ISBN: 978-1-118-34584-9
548 pages
October 2012, Wiley-Blackwell
Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 36 (1118345843) cover image
Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. Many of the crops widely grown today stem from a very narrow genetic base; understanding and preserving crop genetic resources is vital to the security of food systems worldwide. The emphasis of the series is on methodology, a fundamental understanding of crop genetics, and applications to major crops. It is a serial title that appears in the form of one or two volumes per year.
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Contributors ix

1. Dedication: Rodomiro Ortiz Plant Breeder, Catalyst for Agricultural Development 1
Jonathan H. Crouch

I. Preamble 2

II. Early Years 4

III. Research Career 10

IV. The Man 51

V. The Scientist 53

VI. The Mentor, Inspirer, Manager, and Multiplier 54

VII. The Future 57

Acknowledgments 59

Publications of Rodomiro Ortiz 59

Germplasm Registrations 84

2. Phenotyping, Genetic Dissection, and Breeding for Drought and Heat Tolerance in Common Wheat: Status and Prospects 85
P. K. Gupta, H. S. Balyan, V. Gahlaut, and P. L. Kulwal

I. Introduction 89

II. Target Environments 90

III. Traits and Parameters to Measure Drought and Heat Tolerance and Their Genetic Dissection in Wheat 95

IV. Synergy Among Stress-Adaptive Traits 126

V. Crop Modeling for Drought and Heat Tolerance 127

VI. High-Throughput Phenotyping 129

VII. Strategies for Developing Drought- and Heat-Tolerant Wheat Genotypes 133

VIII. Outlook 144

Acknowledgments 147

Literature Cited 147

3. Nutritionally Enhanced Staple Food Crops 169
Sangam L. Dwivedi, Kanwar L. Sahrawat, Kedar N. Rai, Matthew W. Blair, Meike S. Andersson, and Wolfgang Pfeiffer

I. Introduction 173

II. Biomarkers for Assessing Nutritional Status 178

III. Micronutrient Bioavailability 180

IV. Phenotypic Screens 192

V. Mining Germplasm Collections for Natural Variation for Seed Iron, Zinc, and Phytate 205

VI. Exploiting Natural Genetic Variation to Breed for Seed Mineral-Dense Cultivars 215

VII. Enhancing Seed Iron, Zinc, and B-Carotene Using Transgene(S) 242

VIII. Outlook 258

Acknowledgments 261

Literature Cited 261

4. Genetic Management of Virus Diseases in Peanut 293
S. N. Nigam, R. D.V. J. Prasada Rao, Pooja Bhatnagar-Mathur,and K. K. Sharma

I. Introduction 297

II. Virus Diseases 298

III. Breeding for Resistance to Virus Diseases 307

IV. The Future 340

Literature Cited 341

5. Common Bean Breeding in the Tropics 357
Steven Beebe

I. Introduction 359

II. A Brief History 361

III. The Tropical Context 364

IV. Origins and Genetic Resources 369

V. Biotic Constraints 374

VI. Abiotic Constraints 385

VII. Yield Potential 398

VIII. Nutritional Quality 400

IX. Climbing Beans 402

X. Progress by Market Classes 403

XI. The Institutional Context 408

XII. Future Priorities, Challenges, and Opportunities 410

Acknowledgments 412

Literature Cited 412

6. New Approaches to Cassava Breeding 427
Herna´n Ceballos, Clair Hershey, and Luis Augusto Becerra-Lopez- Lavalle

I. Introduction 429

II. Genetic Resources 438

III. Cassava Breeding 445

IV. Conventional and Molecular Genetics 475

V. Future Prospects 484

Literature Cited 489

Subject Index 505

Cumulative Subject Index 507

Cumulative Contributor Index 529

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