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Manual of Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, 2nd Edition

ISBN: 978-1-118-35113-0
May 2012, Wiley-Blackwell
Manual of Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, 2nd Edition (1118351134) cover image
Manual of Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Second Edition presents essential information on common emergencies in small animals using a concise, practical outline format.  Offering a thorough update to this classic reference, the new edition provides new chapters on orthopedic injuries and wound management, significant revisions to the treatment protocols, and expanded toxicology information, as well as new references and drug information. The book retains its logical division into two parts, the first covering initial stabilization and the second offering a systems approach to specific conditions.

As in the previous edition, chapters are extensively indexed and cross-referenced to facilitate ease of use in emergency situations. With many formulas, tables, drug dosages, and illustrations, Manual of Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care Medicine is an indispensable, convenient resource for busy emergency clinicians, whether they are new graduates or seasoned professionals.

 

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CONTRIBUTORS, x

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION, xi

PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION, xii

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS, xiii

PART I LIFE SUPPORT AND INITIAL STABILIZATION, MONITORING, AND INTENSIVE CARE OF THE CRITICALLY ILL PATIENT 1

1 APPROACH TO THE EMERGENCY PATIENT, 3
Steve C. Haskins and Douglass K. Macintire

Initial Preparation and Management, 3

The Primary Survey: Initial Examination to Identify Life-Threatening Problems, 4

Brief History, 12

Thorough Secondary Survey, 12

2 EMERGENCY ROOM READINESS, 17
Steve C. Haskins and Douglass K. Macintire

Being Prepared, 17

Equipment Recommendations, 17

Recommended Supplies, 18

Recommended Drugs, 19

3 CARDIOPULMONARY-CEREBRAL RESUSCITATION (CPCR), 21
Steve C. Haskins

Causes, 21

Clinical Signs, 21

The Nature of Cell Injury During Cardiac Arrest, 21

Prognosis/General Recommendations, 22

Treatment, 22

Electrical Activity of the Heart, 27

Postresuscitative Care, 28

4 SHOCK, 30
Steve C. Haskins

Definition, 30

Categories of Shock, 30

Systemic Inflammatory Response, 30

Multiple Organ Dysfunction, 31

Monitoring and Identifying Treatment Opportunities, 31

Treatment of Shock with Special Emphasis on Septic Shock and MODS, 31

Treatment of Anaphylactic Shock, 40

5 ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA, 41
Steve C. Haskins

Overview of Anesthesia in Critically Ill Patients, 41

Guidelines for Anesthesia in Critically Ill Patients, 42

Specific Drugs Used for Anesthesia in Critical Patients, 44

Anesthesia Concerns and Protocols for Common Conditions, 54

Overview of Analgesia, 57

Analgesia Drugs and Techniques, 58

6 FLUID THERAPY, 63
Steve C. Haskins and Douglass K. Macintire

Body Fluid Compartments, 63

Crystalloid Solutions, 65

Colloid Solutions, 69

Specific Conditions Requiring Fluid Therapy, 75

7 MONITORING, 85
Steve C. Haskins

Cardiovascular Monitoring, 85

Respiratory Monitoring, 102

Urologic Monitoring, 106

Neurologic Monitoring, 109

8 NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT OF CRITICAL PATIENTS, 116
Steve C. Haskins

Acute Malnutrition, 116

Methods and Procedures of Providing Enteral Nutrition, 117

Methods and Procedures of Providing Parenteral Nutrition, 132

Nutrition as an Aid to Medical Therapy (Pharmaconutrition), 134

PART II SPECIFIC PROTOCOLS AND PROCEDURES FOR EMERGENCY CONDITIONS 137

9 RESPIRATORY EMERGENCIES, 139
Kenneth J. Drobatz and Douglass K. Macintire

General Approach/Methods of Oxygen Delivery, 139

Upper Airway Obstruction (Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea), 142

Pleural Space Disease, 154

Lower Airway Disease, 171

Parenchymal Disease, 179

Cyanosis, 185

Mechanical Ventilation, 185

10 CARDIAC EMERGENCIES, 192
Douglass K. Macintire

Clinical Signs, 192

Diagnosis, 193

Diagnostic and Monitoring Procedures, 193

Management of Specific Conditions, 199

11 GASTROINTESTINAL EMERGENCIES, 226
Douglass K. Macintire

Clinical Signs, Diagnosis, 226

Diagnostic and Monitoring Procedures, 226

Management of Specific Conditions, 231

12 UROLOGIC EMERGENCIES, 269
Kenneth J. Drobatz and William D. Saxon

Clinical Signs, Diagnosis, 269

Diagnostic and Monitoring Procedures, 270

Management of Specific Conditions, 279

13 NEUROLOGIC EMERGENCIES, 297
Michelle B. Carnes, Douglass K. Macintire, and William D. Saxon

Clinical Signs, Diagnosis, 297

Diagnostic and Monitoring Procedures, 297

Management of Specific Conditions, 298

14 HEMATOLOGIC EMERGENCIES, 333
Douglass K. Macintire

Clinical Signs, Diagnosis, 333

Diagnostic and Monitoring Procedures, 335

Management of Specific Conditions, 342

15 ENDOCRINE AND METABOLIC EMERGENCIES, 355
William D. Saxon, Kenneth J. Drobatz, and Douglass K. Macintire

Clinical Signs, Diagnosis, 355

Diagnostic and Monitoring Procedures, 355

Management of Specific Conditions, 359

16 REPRODUCTIVE EMERGENCIES, 397
Douglass K. Macintire and William D. Saxon

Clinical Signs, Diagnosis, 397

Diagnostic and Monitoring Procedures, 398

Management of Specific Conditions, 399

17 PEDIATRIC EMERGENCIES, 405
Douglass K. Macintire and William D. Saxon

Resuscitation of Neonates (Birth to 2 weeks), 405

Diseases of Infant Animals (2–6 weeks), 410

Diseases of Juvenile Animals (6–12 weeks), 413

18 OCULAR EMERGENCIES, 418
William D. Saxon and Deborah Mandell

Clinical Signs, Diagnosis, 418

Diagnostic and Monitoring Procedures, 419

Management of Specific Conditions, 421

19 DERMATOLOGIC EMERGENCIES, 441
Robert Kennis and Douglass K. Macintire

Clinical Signs and Diagnosis, 441

Diagnostic Procedures, 442

Management of Specific Conditions, 443

20 TOXICOLOGICAL EMERGENCIES, 453
Kenneth J. Drobatz

Diagnosis, Clinical Signs, 453

Initial Approach to the Poisoned Patient, 454

Management of Specific Toxicities, 457

21 MISCELLANEOUS EMERGENCIES, 479
William D. Saxon, Kenneth J. Drobatz, and Douglass K. Macintire

Heat Illness, 479

Hypothermia, 481

Frostbite, 484

Near Drowning (Submersion Injury), 485

Insect and Spider Bites, 487

Snakebites, 490

Electrocution, 493

Fever of Unknown Origin, 495

APPENDICES, 499

A. Calibration Tables for the Schiötz Tonometer, 499

B. Normal Values for the Canine and Feline Electrocardiogram, 501

C. CPCR Guidelines, 502

D. Common Equations, 505

E. Constant Rate Infusions, 506

F. Conversion Tables, 511

G. Normal Values for Oxygen and Hemodynamic Parameters, 514

H. Toxicology, 517

I. Transfusion Guide, 522

J. Drug Formulary, 524

K. Guidelines for Anesthesia in Animals with Critical Problems, 652

INDEX, 657

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Douglass K. Macintire was previously Director of Intensive Care, College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Small Animal Surgery and Medicine, Auburn University and a Diplomate of ACVIM and ACVECC.

Kenneth J. Drobatz is Director, Trauma Emergency Service, and Professor and Chief of Critical Care, Matthew J. Ryan Veterinary Hospital, University of Pennsylvania, and a Diplomate of ACVIM and ACVECC.

Steven C. Haskins is Director, Small Animal Intensive Care Unit, Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of California, Davis and is a Diplomate of ACVA and ACVECC.

William D. Saxon is Telemedicine Consultant, IDEXX and a Diplomate of ACVIM and ACVECC.

 

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  • Takes a highly practical outline format, ideal for fast access in emergency situations
  • Fully updated throughout, with new and significantly revised chapters, updated reference, and current drug information
  • Guides the reader through the initial treatment, from stabilization to monitoring and intensive care
  • Provides an overview of emergency care organized by body system, including the general approach and specific treatment protocols
  • Includes formulas, tables, drug dosages, and illustrations to support the text
  • Offers an invaluable quick reference for emergency veterinarians and veterinary students
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“In summary, I highly recommend this textbook and hope it will find its way onto the bookshelf at every veterinary emergency hospital. Even those in general practice will find it very useful when that unexpected emergency patient shows up in the lobby (at 4:45 pm on a Friday, naturally)!”  (VSPN.org, 9 August 2013)

“Regardless, the second edition remains an accessible, well-written, and user-friendly text to guide practitioners in managing common small animal emergencies in any setting.”  (Vet Med Today, 15 December 2013)

Overall, the 2nd edition of SAECCM is a very practical emergency and critical care manual. It will be filling the spot in my library where my 1st edition used to sit until someone else also decided it was an excellent book.”  (Australian Veterinary Journal, 1 March 2013)

“The book would be useful in practice as a first port of call in an emergency situation, particularly for recent graduates or clinicians facing an unfamiliar case out of hours.”  (Veterinary Practice, 1 January 2013)

"Douglas M. Macintire, et.al.'s MANUAL OF SMALL ANIMAL EMERGENCY AND CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE (9780813824734, $89.99) provides the second updated edition of a classic vet's desk reference covering common emergencies in small animals. From injuries and wound management to new chapters on revisions to treatment protocols and expanded toxicology information, this reflects the latest science and discoveries and is a 'must' emergency vet's reference, arranged in quick consultation format for fast lookup."  (Midwest Book Reviews, 1 December 2012)

“This is an informative quick reference for emergency cases, with useful tools for management. A revised and updated edition was necessary to reflect new medications and treatments.”  (Doody’s, 19 October 2012)

“The second updated edition of Manual of Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care Medicine provides key details on common emergencies in small animals and offers a new edition with completely new chapter on orthopedic injuries, wound management, and expanded toxicology information and treatment protocols. Chapters are packed with indexing and cross-references, offer a fine outline format for emergency reference, and includes tables, drug dosages, formulas and illustrations throughout. The result is a fine pick for any veterinary or animal medical reference library.”  (Midwest Book Reviews, 1 October 2012)

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