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A Companion to the Etruscans

ISBN: 978-1-118-35495-7
528 pages
December 2015, Wiley-Blackwell
A Companion to the Etruscans (1118354958) cover image

Description

This new collection presents a rich selection of innovative scholarship on the Etruscans, a vibrant, independent people whose distinct civilization flourished in central Italy for most of the first millennium BCE and whose artistic, social and cultural traditions helped shape the ancient Mediterranean, European, and Classical worlds.

  • Includes contributions from an international cast of both established and emerging scholars
  • Offers fresh perspectives on Etruscan art and culture, including analysis of the most up-to-date research and archaeological discoveries
  • Reassesses and evaluates traditional topics like architecture, wall painting, ceramics, and sculpture as well as new ones such as textile archaeology, while also addressing themes that have yet to be thoroughly investigated in the scholarship, such as the obesus etruscus, the function and use of jewelry at different life stages, Greek and Roman topoi about the Etruscans, the Etruscans’ reception of ponderation, and more
  • Counters the claim that the Etruscans were culturally inferior to the Greeks and Romans by emphasizing fields where the Etruscans were either technological or artistic pioneers and by reframing similarities in style and iconography as examples of Etruscan agency and reception rather than as a deficit of local creativity
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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations viii

List of Tables xv

Notes on Contributors xvi

Acknowledgments xx

Map of Etruria xxi

Introduction xxii
Alexandra A. Carpino and Sinclair Bell

Part I History 1

1 Beginnings: Protovillanovan and Villanovan Etruria 3
Simon Stoddart

2 Materializing the Etruscans: The Expression and Negotiation of Identity during the Orientalizing, Archaic, and Classical Periods 15
Skylar Neil

3 The Romanization of Etruria 28
Letizia Ceccarelli

Part II Geography, Urbanization, and Space 41

4 Etruscan Italy: Physical Geography and Environment 43
Simon Stoddart

5 City and Countryside 55
Simon Stoddart

6 The Etruscans and the Mediterranean 67
Giovannangelo Camporeale

7 Urbanization and Foundation Rites: The Material Culture of Rituals at the Heart and the Margins of Etruscan Early Cities 87
Corinna Riva

8 Poggio Civitate: Community Form in Inland Etruria 105
Anthony S. Tuck

9 Southern and Inner Etruria: Benchmark Sites and Current Excavations 117
Claudio Bizzarri

10 Etruscan Domestic Architecture, Hydraulic Engineering, and Water Management Technologies: Innovations and Legacy to Rome 129
Claudio Bizzarri and David Soren

11 Rock Tombs and the World of the Etruscan Necropoleis: Recent Discoveries, Research, and Interpretations 146
Stephan Steingräber

12 Communicating with Gods: Sacred Space in Etruria 162
P. Gregory Warden

Part III Evidence in Context 179

13 Etruscan Skeletal Biology and Etruscan Origins 181
Marshall J. Becker

14 Language, Alphabet, and Linguistic Affiliation 203
Rex E. Wallace

15 Bucchero in Context 224
Philip Perkins

16 Etruscan Textiles in Context 237
Margarita Gleba

17 Etruscan Wall Painting: Insights, Innovations, and Legacy 247
Lisa C. Pieraccini

18 Votives in their Larger Religious Context 261
Helen Nagy

19 Etruscan Jewelry and Identity 275
Alexis Q. Castor

20 Luxuria prolapsa est: Etruscan Wealth and Decadence 293
Hilary Becker

21 Tanaquil: The Conception and Construction of an Etruscan Matron 305
Gretchen E. Meyers

22 The Obesus Etruscus: Can the Trope be True? 321
Jean MacIntosh Turfa

Part IV Art, Society, and Culture 337

23 The Etruscans, Greek Art, and the Near East 339
Ann C. Gunter

24 Etruscan Artists 353
Jocelyn Penny Small

25 Etruscan Bodies and Greek Ponderation: Anthropology and Artistic Form 368
Francesco de Angelis

26 Myth in Etruria 388
Ingrid Krauskopf

27 The "Taste" for Violence in Etruscan Art: Debunking the Myth 410
Alexandra A. Carpino

Part V The Etruscan Legacy and Contemporary Issues 431

28 Annius of Viterbo and the Beginning of Etruscan Studies 433
Ingrid D. Rowland

29 Tyrrhenian Sirens: The Seductive Song of Etruscan Forgeries 446
Richard Daniel De Puma

30 Looting and the Antiquities Trade 458
Gordon Lobay

Part VI APPENDIX 475

Appendix: Etruscan Art in North American Museums 477
Richard Daniel De Puma

Index 483

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Author Information

Sinclair Bell is Associate Professor of Art History at Northern Illinois University. He is the co-editor of five other books, including New Perspectives on Etruria and Early Rome (2009 with H. Nagy), and is currently the reviews editor of Etruscan Studies: Journal of the Etruscan Foundation.

Alexandra A. Carpino is Professor of Art History and Department Chair of Comparative Cultural Studies at Northern Arizona University. The author of Discs of Splendor: The Relief Mirrors of the Etruscans (2003) and several articles on Etruscan portraiture and mirror iconography, Dr. Carpino also served as editor-in-chief of Etruscan Studies: Journal of the Etruscan Foundation from 2012 to 2014.

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