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Mobile Satellite Communications Handbook, 2nd Edition

ISBN: 978-1-118-35702-6
264 pages
October 2014
Mobile Satellite Communications Handbook, 2nd Edition (1118357027) cover image

Description

With a Preface by noted satellite scientist Dr. Ahmad Ghais, the Second Edition reflects the expanded user base for this technology by updating information on historic, current, and planned commercial and military satellite systems and by expanding sections that explain the technology for non-technical professionals.  

The book begins with an introduction to satellite communications and goes on to provide an overview of the technologies involved in mobile satellite communications, providing basic introductions to RF Issues, power Issues, link issues and system issues. It describes early commercial mobile satellite communications systems, such as Marisat and Marecs and their military counterparts.

The book then discusses the full range of Inmarsat and other current and planned geostationary, low earth orbiting and hybrid mobile satellite systems from over a dozen countries and companies.  It is an essential guide for anyone seeking a comprehensive understanding of this industry and military tool.

• Revised edition will serve both technical and non-technical professionals who rely every day on mobile satellite communications

• Describes and explains historic, current, and planned civil, commercial, and military mobile satellite communication systems.

• First Edition charts and tables updated and expanded with current material for today’s mobile satellite technology
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Table of Contents

Foreword ix

Preface xi

Biography xiii

1 Introduction to Satellite Communications 1

1.1 A Brief History of Satellite Communications, 1

1.1.1 Origins of Communications Satellite Technology, 1

1.1.2 Origins of the Communications Satellite Legal Structure—International, 6

1.1.3 Origins of the US Communications Satellite Legal Structure—Domestic, 10

1.1.4 The Merger of Domestic and International Communication Satellite Legal Structures, 12

1.1.5 NASA and Civil Communications Satellites, 12

1.2 Current Major Communications Satellite Systems, 13

1.2.1 Military Communications Satellites, 14

1.2.2 Civil Communications Satellites, 14

1.2.3 Commercial Satellites, 16

2 Overview of the Technology 22

2.1 Introduction, 22

2.2 Radio Frequencies, 24

2.3 Orbits, 31

2.3.1 Low Earth Orbiting Communications Satellites, 31

2.3.2 Geostationary and Geosynchronous Communications Satellites, 34

2.3.3 Intermediate Circular, Medium Earth, and Elliptical Orbiting Communications Satellites, 37

2.4 Satellites and Earth Stations, 39

2.4.1 Basic Components of Communications Satellites, 39

2.4.2 Basic Elements in Satellite Ground Earth Stations, 42

2.5 Channels, Link Analysis, and Networks, 44

2.5.1 Channels, 44

2.5.2 Link Analysis, 46

2.5.3 Networks, 47

3 Early Proposals for Mobile Satellite Communications 51

3.1 Military Interest in Mobile Satellite Communications, 51

3.2 NASA Efforts, 57

3.3 Aerosat, 57

3.4 Maresat, 62

4 Marisat and Marecs: Pioneering Commercial Mobile Satellite Services 65

4.1 Marisat, 66

4.2 Marecs, 69

5 Introduction to INMARSAT 73

5.1 Origins of the INMARSAT Organization, 74

5.2 US Participation in the INMARSAT Organization, 78

5.3 Structure of the INMARSAT Organization, 79

5.4 Ownership of the INMARSAT Organization, 82

5.5 Land Earth Stations (LESs) in INMARSAT, 83

5.6 Mobile Terminals in INMARSAT, 87

5.7 INMARSAT System Services, 90

5.7.1 INMARSAT Maritime Safety Services, 90

5.7.2 Principal Non-safety Services, 91

5.8 Transformation of the INMARSAT Organization, 94

5.9 ICO Global Communications, 99

6 INMARSAT plc 102

6.1 Introduction to INMARSAT plc, 102

6.2 INMARSAT’s Satellites, 106

6.2.1 Existing Satellites, 106

6.2.2 Planned Satellites, 108

6.3 INMARSAT’s Services, 109

6.3.1 Leased Services, 113

6.3.2 IsatPhone Pro, 114

6.3.3 Maritime Services, 115

6.3.4 Land Services, 116

6.3.5 Aeronautical Services, 118

7 Low Earth Orbit (LEO) Mobile Satellite Communications Systems 119

7.1 Methodology, 119

7.2 Iridium, 121

7.2.1 Background to Iridium, 121

7.2.2 Iridium System Description, 125

7.2.3 Iridium Bankruptcy, 126

7.2.4 Iridium’s Reentry, 128

7.3 Globalstar, 130

7.3.1 Globalstar Bankruptcy, 134

7.3.2 Globalstar’s Reentry, 136

7.3.3 Globalstar’s System and Services, 141

7.4 ORBCOMM, 143

7.4.1 History of “Little Leo” Technology, 143

7.4.2 Orbital Sciences’ Efforts to Commercialize Little Leos, 145

7.4.3 Frequency Issues, 147

7.4.4 The Initial ORBCOMM Business, 149

7.4.5 The New ORBCOMM Business, 151

7.4.6 The ORBCOMM Communications System, 152

8 Non-Inmarsat Geostationary Mobile Satellite Communications Systems 157

8.1 OmniTRACS, 157

8.2 Thuraya, 160

8.3 Mobile Satellite Communications Services from Intelsat, 164

9 Other Important Mobile Satellite Communications Systems 170

9.1 O3b, 170

9.2 SES, 173

9.3 LightSquared, 175

9.4 TerreStar, 179

9.5 Asia Cellular Satellite (ACeS), 181

9.6 Mexsat, 182

9.7 Google, 183

10 Military Mobile Satellite Communications Systems 184

10.1 1980s–1990s History, 185

10.2 US Military Mobile Satellite Communications Post 9/11, 186

Appendix I US Communications Satellite Timeline 1940s Through 1990s 190

Appendix II Background Statements by the International Telecommunications Union on Mobile Satellite Communications Frequency Assignments 1996, 1997, and 2000 197

Appendix III Public Services Agreement Between the International Mobile Satellite Organization and INMARSAT 215

Appendix IV Mobile Satellite Communications Excerpts From U.S. Federal Communications Commission Report on U.S. Commercial Mobile Services 232

Index 245

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Author Information

Roger Cochetti has been an executive in the technology sector for over thirty years, including COMSAT Mobile Communications, IBM, VeriSign and other technology businesses.  He has served as a Member of the United Sates Department of State Advisory Committee on Information and Communications Policy during both the Bush and Obama administrations.  Cochetti is the author of The Mobile Satellite Communications Handbook; John Wiley & Sons/Quantum; 1998 and of numerous published white papers and monographs on technology matters.  He earned a Bachelor’s degree from GeorgetownUniversity, a Master’s from JohnsHopkinsUniversity and has been listed among Who's Who in America for over a decade.

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