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Materials for Interior Environments, 2nd Edition

ISBN: 978-1-118-42160-4
400 pages
August 2013
Materials for Interior Environments, 2nd Edition (1118421604) cover image

Description

Organized by types of materials and applications, this guide helps designers successfully address material evaluation and selection of interior components. Engagingly written, highly detailed, and helpfully illustrated with more than 550 color illustrations, Materials for Interior Environments is a comprehensive guide to everything a designer needs to know about the materials available for interiors—from aesthetic qualities to manufacturing and fabrication, applications, installation and maintenance, and specifications for materials used in commercial and residential applications.

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Table of Contents

Preface xiii

Acknowledgments xv

Part I Design Considerations 1

Chapter 1 Finish Selection and Specification 3

Functional Criteria 4

Health and Safety Codes 7

Building Codes 7

Residential Codes 8

Other Regulations and Standards 9

Finish and Furniture Selection and Codes 11

Human Factors and Material Selection 12

Accessible and Universal Design 13

Cost Estimating 14

Chapter 2 Sustainable Design 17

Sustainable Design Principles 18

Sustainability Codes and Standards 18

Sustainable Materials 19

Materials Selection Considerations 20

Evaluating Sustainable Materials 23

Product Certifications and Standards 25

Product Certification Systems 25

Sustainable Product Standards 25

The LEED System 26

Green Globes 27

Chapter 3 Existing Buildings 29

Existing Building Interiors 30

Cost Factors for Existing Buildings 31

Historic Buildings 32

Treatment Standards and Guidelines 32

Rehabilitating Historic Interiors 36

Hazardous Existing Materials 37

Asbestos 37

Lead 38

Mold 39

Part II Interior Materials 41

Chapter 4 Concrete and Cement-Based Materials 43

Cement 43

Types of Cement 43

Manufacturing Cement 44

Environmental Impacts of Cement 45

Specifying Cement 46

Applications for Cement 46

Terrazzo 49

Types of Terrazzo 49

Terrazzo Materials 50

Environmental Impacts of Terrazzo 50

Applications for Terrazzo 51

Specifying and Cost Factors for Terrazzo 51

Installing Terrazzo 52

Concrete 53

Design Context for Concrete 53

Types of Concrete 54

Manufacturing of Concrete 55

Environmental Impacts of Concrete 55

Applications for Concrete 56

Cost Factors for Concrete 58

Finishes for Concrete 58

Chapter 5 Stone, Masonry, and Concrete Masonry Units 63

Stone 63

Design Context for Stone 63

Types of Stone 65

Processing Stone 68

Environmental Impacts of Stone 69

Interior Applications for Stone 70

Specifying Stone 72

Cost Factors for Stone 72

Installing Stone 72

Brick 74

Design Context for Brick 74

Types of Brick 76

Manufacturing Brick 76

Environmental Impacts of Brick 77

Interior Applications for Brick 77

Specifying and Cost Factors for Brick 78

Installing Brick 78

Concrete Masonry Units (CMUs) 79

Properties of CMUs 80

Types of CMUs 80

Environmental Impacts of CMUs 80

Specifying and Cost Factors for CMUs 80

Installing CMUs 82

Chapter 6 Glass and Ceramics 83

Glass 83

Design Context for Glass 84

Types of Glass 86

Manufacturing Glass 91

Environmental Impacts of Glass 91

Interior Applications for Glass 92

Codes, Specifications, and Cost Factors for Glass 93

Installing Glass 95

Ceramics 97

Design Context for Ceramics 97

Types of Ceramics 97

Manufacturing Ceramics 98

Environmental Impacts of Ceramics 98

Interior Applications for Ceramics 100

Specifying and Cost Factors for Ceramics 103

Installing Ceramic Tile 105

Chapter 7 Wood and Wood Products 107

Solid Wood 107

Design Context for Wood 107

Types of Wood 109

Manufacturing Solid Wood 113

Environmental Impacts of Solid Wood 114

Interior Applications for Solid Wood 116

Specifying and Cost Factors for Solid Wood 117

Installing Solid Wood 118

Wood Veneer 119

Design Context for Wood Veneer 119

Types of Wood Veneer 120

Manufacturing Wood Veneer 121

Environmental Impacts of Wood Veneer 121

Interior Applications for Wood Veneer 122

Specifying and Cost Factors for Wood Veneer 123

Installing Wood Veneer 123

Wood Panel Products 125

Design Context for Wood Panels 125

Types of Wood Panel Products 126

Environmental Impacts of Wood Panels 130

Specifying and Cost Factors for Wood Panels 130

Finishes for Wood Panels 131

Chapter 8 Plaster and Gypsum Board 133

Plaster 133

Design Context for Plaster 133

Types of Plaster 135

Manufacturing Plaster 135

Environmental Impacts of Plaster 137

Interior Applications for Plaster 137

Specifying and Cost Factors for Plaster 138

Installing Plaster 139

Gypsum Board 142

Design Context for Gypsum Board 142

Types of Gypsum Board 143

Manufacturing Gypsum Board 143

Environmental Impacts of Gypsum Board 144

Interior Applications for Gypsum Board 144

Specifying and Cost Factors for Gypsum Board 145

Installing Gypsum Board 145

Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum (GFRG) 147

Interior Applications for GFRG 148

Specifying and Cost Factors for GFRG 148

Installing GFRG 149

Chapter 9 Metals 151

General Information 151

Ferrous Metals 152

Design Context for Ferrous Metals 152

Types of Ferrous Metals 153

Manufacturing and Environmental Impacts of Ferrous Metals 154

Interior Applications for Ferrous Metals 155

Specifying and Cost Factors for Ferrous Metals 155

Installation and Maintenance of Ferrous Metals 157

Nonferrous Metals 158

Design Context for Nonferrous Metals 158

Types of Nonferrous Metals 160

Manufacturing and Environmental Impacts of Nonferrous Metals 167

Interior Applications for Nonferrous Metals 168

Specifying and Cost Factors for Nonferrous Metals 169

Finishes for Nonferrous Metals 170

Maintenance of Nonferrous Metals 171

Chapter 10 Synthetic Materials 173

General Information 173

Design Context for Synthetics 173

Manufacturing Synthetics 175

Environmental Impacts of Synthetics 175

Cost Factors for Synthetic Materials 177

Types of Synthetic Materials 178

Thermoplastics 178

Thermoset Plastics 182

Elastomers 183

Composite Materials 183

Interior Applications for Synthetic Materials 185

Finish Materials 185

Plastic Furniture 188

Adhesives 188

Plastic Films 189

Part III Finish Comparisons 191

Chapter 11 Paints and Coatings 193

Paints 193

Painting Systems 193

Paint Components 195

Types of Interior Paints 195

Specifying and Cost Factors for Paints 200

Coatings and Stains 201

Finishes for Wood 201

Finishes for Metals 205

Chapter 12 Fibers, Textiles, and Leather 209

Fibers 209

Properties of Fibers 209

Plant Fibers 210

Animal Fibers 213

Synthetic Fibers 217

Textiles 222

General Considerations for Textiles 222

Fabrication Methods for Textiles 223

Finishing Textiles 229

Leather 232

General Considerations for Leather 232

Types of Leather 232

Manufacturing Leather 233

Environmental Impacts of Leather 234

Interior Applications for Leather 235

Specifying and Cost Factors for Leather 235

Finishes and Maintenance for Leather 236

Chapter 13 Floor Finishes 237

General Considerations for Floor Finishes 237

Durability 237

Accessories and Maintenance 237

Codes and Standards for Floor Finishes 238

Cost Factors 238

Hard Floor Surfaces 238

Tile Flooring 239

Glass Flooring 243

Concrete, Terrazzo, and Poured Flooring 243

Laminate Flooring 244

Wood and Bamboo Flooring 246

Solid Wood Flooring 246

Parquet Flooring 250

Engineered Hardwood Flooring 250

Bamboo Flooring 251

Resilient Flooring 253

General Considerations for Resilient Flooring 253

Cork Flooring 254

Linoleum 255

Rubber Flooring 256

Vinyl Flooring 257

Leather Floor Tiles 259

Soft Floor Coverings 260

Codes and Standards for Soft Floor Coverings 260

Carpets 260

Rugs 268

Chapter 14 Wall and Window Finishes 273

Wall Finishes 273

General Considerations for Wall Finishes 273

Wall Tiles 274

Wall Panels 276

Low Partitions 283

Toilet Partitions 283

Office Partitions 284

Wallcoverings 284

General Considerations for Wallcoverings 284

Wallpaper and Wall Lining 287

Wood and Natural Fiber Wallcoverings 288

Textile, Nonwoven, and Leather Wallcoverings 292

Glass Partitions and Glazing 295

General Considerations for Glass and Glazing 295

Glass Block Walls 296

Glazed Walls 296

Interior Glazing 298

Window Treatments 300

Shutters, Blinds, and Shades 300

Draperies and Curtains 303

Chapter 15 Ceiling Finishes 309

General Considerations 309

Light, Sound, and Heat 309

Codes and Standards 311

Cost Factors 311

Ceiling Forms 311

Exposed Ceilings 312

Wood Structures 313

Concrete and Metal Structures 314

Plaster and Gypsum Board Ceilings 314

Plaster Ceilings 314

Gypsum Board Ceilings 315

Finishes 315

Wood Ceilings 316

Planks and Panels 316

Suspended Ceiling Systems 317

Ceiling System Grids 317

Canopies and Clouds 318

Decorative Grids 319

Acoustical Tiles and Panels 319

Metal Ceilings 321

Textile Ceiling Systems 325

Chapter 16 Millwork, Casework, and Furnishings 327

Millwork 327

Design Considerations for Millwork 327

Moldings and Trims 328

Casework 332

Design Considerations for Casework 332

Cabinets 333

Shelving 339

Countertops 339

Furnishings 345

General Considerations for Furnishings 346

Furniture Types 347

Furniture Materials 350

Upholstery 355

Other Furnishings 359

Glossary 361

Index 369

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Author Information

Corky Binggeli, ASID, practices at Corky Binggeli Interior Design and is a member of the faculty at Boston Architectural College. A professional member of ASID and past president of ASID New England, she is the author of Graphic Standards Field Guide to Commercial Interiors and Building Systems for Interior Designers. She is the coauthor with Francis D.K. Ching of Interior Design Illustrated and the editor of Interior Graphic Standards, Second Edition, all from Wiley.

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