Handbook of HighFrequency Trading and Modeling in FinanceISBN: 9781118443989
456 pages
April 2016

Description
Reflecting the fast pace and everevolving nature of the financial industry, the Handbook of HighFrequency Trading and Modeling in Finance details how highfrequency analysis presents new systematic approaches to implementing quantitative activities with highfrequency financial data.
Introducing new and established mathematical foundations necessary to analyze realistic market models and scenarios, the handbook begins with a presentation of the dynamics and complexity of futures and derivatives markets as well as a portfolio optimization problem using quantum computers. Subsequently, the handbook addresses estimating complex model parameters using highfrequency data. Finally, the handbook focuses on the links between models used in financial markets and models used in other research areas such as geophysics, fossil records, and earthquake studies. The Handbook of HighFrequency Trading and Modeling in Finance also features:
• Contributions by wellknown experts within the academic, industrial, and regulatory fields
• A wellstructured outline on the various data analysis methodologies used to identify new trading opportunities
• Newly emerging quantitative tools that address growing concerns relating to highfrequency data such as stochastic volatility and volatility tracking; stochastic jump processes for limitorder books and broader market indicators; and options markets
• Practical applications using realworld data to help readers better understand the presented material
The Handbook of HighFrequency Trading and Modeling in Finance is an excellent reference for professionals in the fields of business, applied statistics, econometrics, and financial engineering. The handbook is also a good supplement for graduate and MBAlevel courses on quantitative finance, volatility, and financial econometrics.
Ionut Florescu, PhD, is Research Associate Professor in Financial Engineering and Director of the Hanlon Financial Systems Laboratory at Stevens Institute of Technology. His research interests include stochastic volatility, stochastic partial differential equations, Monte Carlo Methods, and numerical methods for stochastic processes. Dr. Florescu is the author of Probability and Stochastic Processes, the coauthor of Handbook of Probability, and the coeditor of Handbook of Modeling HighFrequency Data in Finance, all published by Wiley.
Maria C. Mariani, PhD, is Shigeko K. Chan Distinguished Professor in Mathematical Sciences and Chair of the Department of Mathematical Sciences at The University of Texas at El Paso. Her research interests include mathematical finance, applied mathematics, geophysics, nonlinear and stochastic partial differential equations and numerical methods. Dr. Mariani is the coeditor of Handbook of Modeling HighFrequency Data in Finance, also published by Wiley.
H. Eugene Stanley, PhD, is William Fairfield Warren Distinguished Professor at Boston University. Stanley is one of the key founders of the new interdisciplinary field of econophysics, and has an ISI Hirsch index H=128 based on more than 1200 papers. In 2004 he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
Frederi G. Viens, PhD, is Professor of Statistics and Mathematics and Director of the Computational Finance Program at Purdue University. He holds more than two dozen local, regional, and national awards and he travels extensively on a worldwide basis to deliver lectures on his research interests, which range from quantitative finance to climate science and agricultural economics. A Fellow of the Institute of Mathematics Statistics, Dr. Viens is the coeditor of Handbook of Modeling HighFrequency Data in Finance, also published by Wiley.
Table of Contents
Notes on Contributors xiii
Preface xv
1 Trends and Trades 1
Michael Carlisle, Olympia Hadjiliadis, and Ioannis Stamos
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 A trendbased trading strategy 3
1.2.1 Signaling and trends 3
1.2.2 Gain over a subperiod 5
1.3 CUSUM timing 7
1.3.1 Cusum process and stopping time 7
1.3.2 A CUSUM timing scheme 10
1.3.3 US treasury notes, CUSUM timing 11
1.4 Example: Random walk on ticks 12
1.4.1 Random walk expected gain over a subperiod 15
1.4.2 Simple random walk, CUSUM timing 18
1.4.3 Lazy simple random walk, cusum timing 21
1.5 CUSUM strategy Monte Carlo 24
1.6 The effect of the threshold parameter 27
1.7 Conclusions and future work 39
Appendix: Tables 40
References 47
2 Gaussian Inequalities and Tranche Sensitivities 51
Claas Becker and Ambar N. Sengupta
2.1 Introduction 51
2.2 The tranche loss function 52
2.3 A sensitivity identity 54
2.4 Correlation sensitivities 55
Acknowledgment 58
References 58
3 A Nonlinear Lead Lag Dependence Analysis of Energy Futures: Oil, Coal, and Natural Gas 61
Germán G. Creamer and Bernardo Creamer
3.1 Introduction 61
3.1.1 Causality analysis 62
3.2 Data 64
3.3 Estimation techniques 64
3.4 Results 65
3.5 Discussion 67
3.6 Conclusions 69
Acknowledgments 69
References 70
4 Portfolio Optimization: Applications in Quantum Computing 73
Michael Marzec
4.1 Introduction 73
4.2 Background 75
4.2.1 Portfolios and optimization 76
4.2.2 Algorithmic complexity 77
4.2.3 Performance 78
4.2.4 Ising model 79
4.2.5 Adiabatic quantum computing 79
4.3 The models 80
4.3.1 Financial model 81
4.3.2 Graphtheoretic combinatorial optimization models 82
4.3.3 Ising and Qubo models 83
4.3.4 Mixed models 84
4.4 Methods 84
4.4.1 Model implementation 85
4.4.2 Input data 85
4.4.3 Meanvariance calculations 85
4.4.4 Implementing the risk measure 86
4.4.5 Implementation mapping 86
4.5 Results 88
4.5.1 The simple correlation model 88
4.5.2 The restricted minimumrisk model 91
4.5.3 The WMIS minimumrisk, max return model 94
4.6 Discussion 95
4.6.1 Hardware limitations 97
4.6.2 Model limitations 97
4.6.3 Implementation limitations 98
4.6.4 Future research 98
4.7 Conclusion 100
Acknowledgments 100
Appendix 4.A: WMIS Matlab Code 100
References 103
5 Estimation Procedure for Regime Switching Stochastic Volatility Model and Its Applications 107
Ionut Florescu and Forrest Levin
5.1 Introduction 107
5.1.1 The original motivation 108
5.1.2 The model and the problem 108
5.1.3 A brief historical note 109
5.2 The methodology 110
5.2.1 Obtaining filtered empirical distributions at t1,…, tT 110
5.2.2 Obtaining the parameters of the Markov chain 112
5.3 Results obtained applying the model to real data 113
5.3.1 Part i: financial applications 113
5.3.2 Part ii: physical data application. temperature data 119
5.3.3 Part iii: analysis of seismometer readings during an earthquake 121
5.3.4 Analysis of the earthquake signal: beginning 123
5.3.5 Analysis: during the earthquake 125
5.3.6 Analysis: end of the earthquake signal, aftershocks 127
5.4 Conclusion 127
5.A Theoretical results and empirical testing 128
5.A.1 How does the particle filter work? 128
5.A.2 Theoretical results about convergence and parameter estimates 129
5.A.3 Markov chain parameter estimates 131
5.A.4 Empirical testing 132
5.A.5 A list of supplementary documents 133
References 133
6 Detecting Jumps in HighFrequency Prices Under Stochastic Volatility: A Review and a DataDriven Approach 137
PingChen Tsai and Mark B. Shackleton
6.1 Introduction 137
6.2 Review on the intraday jump tests 140
6.2.1 Realized volatility measure and the BNS tests 140
6.2.2 The ABD and LM tests 142
6.3 A datadriven testing procedure 146
6.3.1 Spy data and microstructure noise 146
6.3.2 A generalized testing procedure 149
6.4 Simulation study 153
6.4.1 Model specification 153
6.4.2 Simulation results 158
6.5 Empirical results 161
6.5.1 Results on the backwardlooking test 162
6.5.2 Results on the interpolated test 165
6.6 Conclusion 165
Acknowledgments 166
Appendix 6.A: Leastsquare estimation of HARMA (2) model for log(BP) of SPY 167
Appendix 6.B: Estimation of ARMA (2, 1) model for log(BP) of SPY 168
Appendix 6.C: Minimized loss function loss(𝜌1, 𝜌2) for SV2FJ_2𝜌 model, SPY 169
Appendix 6.D.1: Calibration of 𝜉 under SV2FJ_2𝜌 model at 2min frequency, E[Nt] = 0.08 170
Appendix 6.D.2: Calibration of 𝜉 under SV2FJ_2𝜌 model at 2min frequency, E[Nt] = 0.40 171
Appendix 6.D.3: Calibration of 𝜉 under SV2FJ_2𝜌 model at 5min frequency, E[Nt] = 0.08 172
Appendix 6.D.4: Calibration of 𝜉 under SV2FJ_2𝜌 Model at 5min frequency, E[Nt] = 0.40 173
Appendix 6.D.5: Calibration of 𝜉 under SV2FJ_2𝜌 model at 10min frequency, E[Nt] = 0.08 174
Appendix 6.D.6: Calibration of 𝜉 under SV2FJ_2𝜌 model at 10min frequency, E[Nt] = 0.40 175
References 175
7 Hawkes Processes and Their Applications to HighFrequency Data Modeling 183
Baron Law and Frederi G. Viens
7.1 Introduction 183
7.2 Point processes 184
7.3 Hawkes processes 186
7.3.1 Branching structure representation 188
7.3.2 Stationarity 188
7.3.3 Convergence 189
7.4 Statistical inference of Hawkes processes 191
7.4.1 Simulation 191
7.4.2 Estimation 194
7.4.3 Hypothesis testing 197
7.5 Applications of Hawkes processes 198
7.5.1 Modeling order arrivals 199
7.5.2 Modeling price jumps 200
7.5.3 Modeling jumpdiffusion 205
7.5.4 Measuring endogeneity (Reflexivity) 205
Appendix 7.A: Point Processes 207
7.A.1 Definition 207
7.A.2 Moments 208
7.A.3 Marked point processes 209
7.A.4 Stochastic intensity 209
7.A.5 Random time change 211
Appendix 7.B: A Brief History of Hawkes processes 211
References 212
8 Multifractal Random Walk Driven by a Hermite Process 221
Alexis Fauth and Ciprian A. Tudor
8.1 Introduction 221
8.2 Preliminaries 224
8.2.1 Fractional brownian motion and hermite processes 224
8.2.2 Wiener integrals with respect to the hermite process 226
8.2.3 Infinitely divisible cascading noise 229
8.3 Multifractal random walk driven by a Hermite process 231
8.3.1 Definition and existence 231
8.3.2 Properties of the hermite multifractal random walk 233
8.4 Financial applications 234
8.4.1 Simulation of the Hmrw 235
8.4.2 Financial statistics 241
8.5 Concluding remarks 243
References 247
9 Interpolating Techniques and Nonparametric Regression Methods Applied to Geophysical and Financial Data Analysis 251
K. Basu and Maria C. Mariani
9.1 Introduction 251
9.2 Nonparametric regression models 253
9.2.1 Local polynomial regression 255
9.2.2 Lowess/loess method 257
9.2.3 Numerical applications 259
9.3 Interpolation methods 271
9.3.1 Nearestneighbor interpolation 271
9.3.2 Bilinear interpolation 272
9.3.3 Bicubic interpolation 276
9.3.4 Biharmonic interpolation 277
9.3.5 Thin plate splines 282
9.3.6 Numerical applications 285
9.4 Conclusion 287
Acknowledgments 292
References 292
10 Study of Volatility Structures in Geophysics and Finance Using Garch Models 295
Maria C. Mariani, F. Biney, and I. SenGupta
10.1 Introduction 295
10.2 Short memory models 297
10.2.1 ARMA(p,q) model 297
10.2.2 GARCH(p,q) model 297
10.2.3 IGARCH(1,1) model 298
10.3 Long memory models 298
10.3.1 ARFIMA(p,d,q) model 299
10.3.2 ARFIMA(p,d,q)GARCH(r,s) 299
10.3.3 Intermediate memory process 300
10.3.4 Figarch model 300
10.4 Detection and estimation of long memory 302
10.4.1 Augmented dickey–fuller test(ADF test) 302
10.4.2 KPSS test 303
10.4.3 Whittle method 304
10.5 Data collection, analysis, and result 306
10.5.1 Analysis on dow Jones index (DJIA) returns 306
10.5.2 Model selection and specification: conditional mean 306
10.5.3 Conditional mean model (returns) 309
10.5.4 Model diagnostics: ARMA(2, 2) 309
10.5.5 Test for ARCH effect 311
10.5.6 Model selection and specification: Conditional variance 313
10.5.7 Standardized residuals test 314
10.5.8 Model diagnostics 314
10.5.9 Returns and variance equation 315
10.5.10 standardized residuals test 317
10.5.11 Model diagnostic of conditional returns with conditional variance 318
10.5.12 Onestep ahead prediction of last 10 observations 330
10.5.13 Analysis on highfrequency, earthquake, and explosives series 330
10.6 Discussion and conclusion 335
References 337
11 Scale Invariance and Lévy Models Applied to Earthquakes and Financial HighFrequency Data 341
M. P. BeccarVarela, Ionut Florescu, and I. SenGupta
11.1 Introduction 341
11.2 Governing equations for the deterministic model 342
11.2.1 Application to geophysical (earthquake data) 343
11.2.2 Results 344
11.3 L´evy flights and application to geophysics 345
11.3.1 Truncated L´evy flight distribution 353
11.3.2 Results 356
11.4 Application to the highfrequency market data 360
11.4.1 Methodology 360
11.4.2 Results 361
11.5 Brief program code description 362
11.6 Conclusion 364
11.A Appendix 366
11.A.1 Stable distributions 366
11.A.2 Characterization of stable distributions 367
References 368
12 Analysis of Generic Diversity in the Fossil Record, Earthquake Series, and HighFrequency Financial Data 371
M. P. Beccar Varela, F. Biney, Maria C. Mariani, I. SenGupta, M. Shpak, and P. Bezdek
12.1 Introduction 371
12.2 Statistical preliminaries and results 373
12.2.1 Sum of exponential random variables with different parameters 374
12.3 Statistical and numerical analysis 377
12.4 Analysis with Lévy distribution 380
12.4.1 Characterization of Stable Distributions 383
12.4.2 Truncated Lévy flight (TLF) distribution 384
12.4.3 Data analysis with TLF distribution 389
12.4.4 Sum of Lévy random variables with different parameters 390
12.5 Analysis of the Stock Indices, highfrequency (tick) data, and explosive series 394
12.6 Results and discussion 409
Acknowledgments 421
12.A Appendix A—Big ‘O’ notation 421
References 422
Index 425
Author Information
Ionut Florescu, PhD, is Research Associate Professor in Financial Engineering and Director of the Hanlon Financial Systems Laboratory at Stevens Institute of Technology. His research interests include stochastic volatility, stochastic partial differential equations, Monte Carlo Methods, and numerical methods for stochastic processes. Dr. Florescu is the author of Probability and Stochastic Processes, the coauthor of Handbook of Probability, and the coeditor of Handbook of Modeling HighFrequency Data in Finance, all published by Wiley.
Maria C. Mariani, PhD, is Shigeko K. Chan Distinguished Professor in Mathematical Sciences and Chair of the Department of Mathematical Sciences at The University of Texas at El Paso. Her research interests include mathematical finance, applied mathematics, geophysics, nonlinear and stochastic partial differential equations and numerical methods. Dr. Mariani is the coeditor of Handbook of Modeling HighFrequency Data in Finance, also published by Wiley.
H. Eugene Stanley, PhD, is William Fairfield Warren Distinguished Professor at Boston University. Stanley is one of the key founders of the new interdisciplinary field of econophysics, and has an ISI Hirsch index H=128 based on more than 1200 papers. In 2004 he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
Frederi G. Viens, PhD, is Professor of Statistics and Mathematics and Director of the Computational Finance Program at Purdue University. He holds more than two dozen local, regional, and national awards and he travels extensively on a worldwide basis to deliver lectures on his research interests, which range from quantitative finance to climate science and agricultural economics. A Fellow of the Institute of Mathematics Statistics, Dr. Viens is the coeditor of Handbook of Modeling HighFrequency Data in Finance, also published by Wiley.