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Bovine Reproduction

ISBN: 978-1-118-47083-1
816 pages
November 2014, Wiley-Blackwell
Bovine Reproduction (1118470834) cover image

Description

Bovine Reproduction is a comprehensive, current reference providing information on all aspects of reproduction in the bull and cow.  Offering fundamental knowledge on evaluating and restoring fertility in the bovine patient, the book also places information in the context of herd health where appropriate for a truly global view of bovine theriogenology. Printed in full color throughout, the book includes 83 chapters and more than 550 images, making it the most exhaustive reference available on this topic.

Each section covers anatomy and physiology, breeding management, and reproductive surgery, as well as obstetrics and pregnancy wastage in the cow.  Bovine Reproduction is a welcome resource for bovine practitioners, theriogenologists, and animal scientists, as well as veterinary students and residents with an interest in the cow.

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Table of Contents

Contributors x

Preface xvi

Section I: The Bull

Anatomy and Physiology

1 Anatomy of the Reproductive System of the Bull 5
Ben Nabors and Robert Linford

2 Endocrine and Exocrine Function of the Bovine Testes 11
Peter L. Ryan

3 Thermoregulation of the Testes 26
John P. Kastelic

4 Endocrine Control of Testicular Development and Initiation of Spermatogenesis in Bulls 30
Leonardo F.C. Brito

Breeding and Health Management

5 Bull Development: Sexual Development and Puberty in Bulls 41
Leonardo F.C. Brito

6 Breeding Soundness Examination in the Bull: Concepts and Historical Perspective 58
Richard M. Hopper

7 Evaluation of Breeding Soundness: The Physical Examination 64
James Alexander

8 Evaluation of Breeding Soundness: Basic Examination of the Semen 68
Richard M. Hopper and E. Heath King

9 Ultrasound Evaluation of the Reproductive Tract of the Bull 79
Harry Momont and Celina Checura

10 Management of Breeding Bull Batteries 92
E. Heath King

11 Management of Bulls at Custom Collection Studs 97
Gary Warner

12 Testicular Degeneration 103
Albert Barth

13 Vesicular Adenitis 109
Albert Barth

14 Inability to Breed due to Injury or Abnormality of the External Genitalia of Bulls 113
Herris Maxwell

Reproductive Surgery

15 Local and Regional Anesthesia for Urogenital Surgery 131
Misty A. Edmondson

16 Surgery of the Scrotum and its Contents 136
Dwight F. Wolfe

17 Restorative Surgery of the Prepuce 142
Dwight F. Wolfe

18 Restorative Surgery of the Penis 155
Dwight F. Wolfe

19 Bovine Urolithiasis 172
Katharine M. Simpson and Robert N. Streeter

20 Preparation of Teaser Bulls 181
Gretchen Grissett

Section II: The Cow

Anatomy and Physiology

21 Anatomy of the Reproductive System of the Cow 191
Ben Nabors and Robert Linford

22 Initiation of Puberty in Heifers 195
Charles T. Estill

23 Neuroendocrine Control of Estrus and Ovulation 203
Marcel Amstalden and Gary L. Williams

24 Ovarian Follicular and Luteal Dynamics in Cattle 219
Gregg P. Adams and Jaswant Singh

25 Maternal Recognition and Physiology of Pregnancy 245
Caleb O. Lemley Leticia E. Camacho and Kimberly A. Vonnahme

Breeding and Health Management

26 Biosecurity and Biocontainment for Reproductive Pathogens 259
Carla Huston

27 Beef Replacement Heifer Development 267
Terry J. Engelken

28 Heifer Development: From Weaning to Calving 272
Ricardo Stockler

29 Interaction of Nutrition and Reproduction in the Beef Cow 276
William S. Swecker Jr

30 Interaction of Nutrition and Reproduction in the Dairy Cow 283
Butch Cargile and Dan Tracy

31 Estrus Detection 290
Rhonda C. Vann

32 Artificial Insemination 295
Ram Kasimanickam

33 Pharmacological Intervention of Estrous Cycles 304
Ram Kasimanickam

34 Pregnancy Diagnosis: Rectal Palpation 314
David Christiansen

35 Biochemical Pregnancy Diagnosis 320
Amanda J. Cain and David Christiansen

36 Reproductive Ultrasound of Female Cattle 326
Jill Colloton

37 Beef Herd Health for Optimum Reproduction 347
Terry J. Engelken and Tyler M. Dohlman

38 Dairy Herd Health for Optimal Reproduction 353
Carlos A. Risco

39 Herd Diagnostic Testing Strategies 359
Robert L. Larson

40 Beef Herd Record Analysis: Reproductive Profiling 364
Brad J. White

41 Evaluating Reproductive Performance on Dairy Farms 370
James A. Brett and Richard W. Meiring

42 Marketing the Bovine Reproductive Practice: Devising a Plan or Tolerating a System 374
John L. Myers

Obstetrics and Reproductive Surgery

43 Vaginal Cervical and Uterine Prolapse 383
Augustine T. Peter

44 Inducing Parturition or Abortion in Cattle 396
Albert Barth

45 Management to Prevent Dystocia 404
W. Mark Hilton and Danielle Glynn

46 Dystocia and Accidents of Gestation 409
Maarten Drost

47 Obstetrics: Mutation Forced Extraction Fetotomy 416
Kevin Walters

48 Obstetrics: Cesarean Section 424
Cathleen Mochal-King

49 Retained Fetal Membranes 431
Augustine T. Peter

50 Postpartum Uterine Infection 440
Colin Palmer

51 Cystic Ovarian Follicles 449
Jack D. Smith

52 Postpartum Anestrus and its Management in Dairy Cattle 456
Divakar J. Ambrose

53 Surgery to Restore Fertility 471
Richard M. Hopper

Pregnancy Wastage

54 Fetal Disease and Abortion: Diagnosis and Causes 481
Wes Baumgartner

55 Infectious Agents: Campylobacter 518
Misty A. Edmondson

56 Infectious Agents: Trichomonas 524
Mike Thompson

57 Infectious Agents: Leptospirosis 529
Daniel L. Grooms

58 Infectious Agents: Brucellosis 533
Sue D. Hagius Quinesha P. Morgan and Philip H. Elzer

59 Infectious Agents: Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis 541
Ahmed Tibary

60 Infectious Agents: Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus 545
Thomas Passler

61 Infectious Agents: Epizootic Bovine Abortion (Foothill Abortion) 562
Jeffrey L. Stott Myra T. Blanchard and Mark L. Anderson

62 Infectious Agents: Neospora 567
Charles T. Estill and Clare M. Scully

63 Infectious Agents: Mycotic Abortion 575
Frank W. Austin

64 Early Embryonic Loss Due to Heat Stress 580
Peter J. Hansen

65 Bovine Abortifacient and Teratogenic Toxins 589
Brittany Baughman

66 Heritable Congenital Defects in Cattle 609
Brian K. Whitlock and Elizabeth A. Coffman

67 Abnormal Offspring Syndrome 620
Charlotte E. Farin Callie V. Barnwell and William T. Farmer

68 Strategies to Decrease Neonatal Calf Loss in Beef Herds 639
David R. Smith

69 Management to Decrease Neonatal Loss of Dairy Heifers 646
Ricardo Stockler

Section III: Assisted and Advanced Reproductive Technologies

70 Use of Technology in Controlling Estrus in Cattle 655
Fred Lehman and Jim W. Lauderdale

71 Cryopreservation of Semen 662
Swanand Sathe and Clifford F. Shipley

72 Utilization of Sex-sorted Semen 671
Ram Kasimanickam

73 Control of Semen-borne Pathogens 679
Rory Meyer

74 Bovine Semen Quality Control in Artificial Insemination Centers 685
Patrick Vincent Shelley L. Underwood Catherine Dolbec Nadine Bouchard Tom Kroetsch and Patrick Blondin

75 Superovulation in Cattle 696
Reuben J. Mapletoft and Gabriel A. Bó

76 Embryo Collection and Transfer 703
Edwin Robertson

77 Cryopreservation of Bovine Embryos 718
Kenneth Bondioli

78 Selection and Management of the Embryo Recipient Herd for Embryo Transfer 723
G. Cliff Lamb and Vitor R.G. Mercadante

79 Evaluation of In Vivo-Derived Bovine Embryos 733
Marianna M. Jahnke James K. West and Curtis R. Youngs

80 Control of Embryo-borne Pathogens 749
Julie Gard

81 In Vitro Fertilization 758
John F. Hasler and Jennifer P. Barfield

82 Cloning by Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer 771
J. Lannett Edwards and F. Neal Schrick

83 The Computer-generated Bull Breeding Soundness Evaluation Form 784
John L. Myers

Glossary 790

Index 795

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Author Information

Richard M. Hopper, DVM, DACT, is the Section Leader for Theriogenology, Ambulatory, and Food Animal Medicine at Mississippi State University in Mississippi State, Mississippi, USA.
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The Wiley Advantage

  • Offers a complete, up-to-date resource on managing reproduction in the bull and cow
  • Addresses all aspects of evaluating and restoring fertility in the bovine patient
  • Focuses on individual medicine
  • Takes a production medicine perspective where necessary to address this important aspect of bovine practice
  • Encompasses anatomy and physiology, breeding management, and reproductive surgery, as well as obstetrics and pregnancy wastage in the cow
  • Provides full-color images throughout
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Reviews

“Authored by several wellrespected experts in the field, Bovine Reproduction is a reference textbook that definitely fills a void in that area of veterinary medicine. This book is one of the most, if not the most, complete textbooks dedicated to the subject of bovine theriogenology currently available and covers andrology, fertility, obstetrics, advanced reproductive technologies, abortion, neonatology, reproductive surgery, and production medicine.”  (Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 15 June 2015)

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