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Detecting Deception: Current Challenges and Cognitive Approaches

ISBN: 978-1-118-50985-2
368 pages
October 2014, Wiley-Blackwell
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Detecting Deception offers a state-of-the-art guide to the detection of deception with a focus on the ways in which new cognitive psychology-based approaches can improve practice and results in the field.

  • Includes comprehensive coverage of the latest scientific developments in the detection of deception and their implications for real-world practice
  • Examines current challenges in the field - such as counter-interrogation strategies, lying networks, cross-cultural deception, and discriminating between true and false intentions
  • Reveals a host of new approaches based on cognitive psychology with the potential to improve practice and results, including the strategic use of evidence, imposing cognitive load, response times, and covert lie detection
  • Features contributions from internationally renowned experts
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Table of Contents

Contributors vii

Series Preface xi

Introduction xv

Acknowledgements xix

SECTION I: Deception Detection: Established Approaches 1

1 Verbal Lie Detection Tools: Statement Validity Analysis, Reality Monitoring and Scientific Content Analysis 3
Aldert Vrij

2 New Findings in Non-Verbal Lie Detection 37
Charles F. Bond, Timothy R. Levine, and Maria Hartwig

3 The Polygraph: Current Practice and New Approaches 59
Ewout H. Meijer and Bruno Verschuere

4 Forensic Application of Event-Related Brain Potentials to Detect Guilty Knowledge 81
William G. Iacono

5 Deception Detection Using Neuroimaging 105
Giorgio Ganis

SECTION II: Current Challenges 123

6 Exploring the Nature and Origin of Beliefs about Deception: Implicit and Explicit Knowledge among Lay People and Presumed Experts 125
Maria Hartwig and Pär Anders Granhag

7 Discriminating between True and False Intentions 155
Erik Mac Giolla, Pär Anders Granhag, and Aldert Vrij

8 Cross-Cultural Deception Detection 175
Paul J. Taylor, Samuel Larner, Stacey M. Conchie, and Sophie van der Zee

SECTION III: Improving Lie Detection: New Approaches 203

9 A Cognitive Approach to Lie Detection 205
Aldert Vrij

10 The Strategic Use of Evidence Technique: A Conceptual Overview 231
Pär Anders Granhag and Maria Hartwig

11 Investigating Deception and Deception Detection with Brain Stimulation Methods 253
Giorgio Ganis

12 Detecting Deception Through Reaction Times 269
Bruno Verschuere, Kristina Suchotzki, and Evelyne Debey

13 Suspects’ Verbal Counter-Interrogation Strategies: Towards an Integrative Model 293
Pär Anders Granhag, Maria Hartwig, Erik Mac Giolla, and Franziska Clemens

14 Covert Detection of Deception 315
Eitan Elaad

Index 339

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Author Information

Pär Anders Granhag is Professor of Psychology at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. He has published over 200 scientific reports on topics relating to deception detection and is the Founding Director of the Research Unit for Criminal, Legal and Investigative Psychology.

Aldert Vrij is Professor of Applied Social Psychology at the University of Portsmouth, UK. He is the author of Detecting Lies and Deceit: Pitfalls and Opportunities (2008).  

Bruno Verschuere is Associate Professor of Forensic Psychology at the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. He is a Founding Member of the European consortium of Psychological Research on Deception Detection, and co-editor of Memory Detection: Theory and Application of the Concealed Information Test.

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"All practitioners, researchers, and consumers could benefit from reading this book.  It is an excellent reference for most all items covered. As alternative technologies develop and improve, it behooves us to stay abreast and open-minded... I highly recommend this book to all examiners interested in improving their knowledge on cognitive approaches to interviewing, ethical interrogative strategies and avoiding false confessions." Mark Handler, American Polygraph Association Magazine, 2015

You may think you can tell if someone is lying, but Detecting Deception will make you think again.   This thorough and accomplished collection of chapters by leading experts in the field brings together the science of “truthfulness”, and tells us what it means for psychologists, law enforcement, and all who care about justice.—Elizabeth F. Loftus, Ph.D, Distinguished Professor, University of California-Irvine

Granhag, Vrij, and Verschuere do the research and practitioner communities a great service by providing a multi-faceted, current (and into the future) account of cognitive and social approaches to detecting deception. The book's strength lies in its world-recognized contributors, balanced presentation of supported and unsupported ideas, theoretical and applied perspectives, and a broad spectrum of approaches.—Dr Ronald P. Fisher, Florida International University

Fundamental to the objectives of both investigative interviewing in the law-enforcement domain and interrogations conducted to support intelligence needs is the requirement to objectively assess the credibility of the individual under questioning. For far too long, practitioners have rendered such conclusions based wholly on intuitive judgments often shaped by bias, unchallenged assumptions, and misinformed supposition. In this vital work, an exceptionally impressive array of scholars and researchers offers a rational path toward a more definitive and evidence-based approach to gauging veracity. Rather than purely theoretical abstractions, the authors present practitioners with a comprehensive framework of strategies, methods, and metrics that lends itself to immediate application in the real-world. In no small measure, this book takes a monumental step toward chipping away at the myth of interrogation as purely an art and replacing it with the promise of interrogation as a systematic, science-based process for eliciting meaningful information in support of justice and enlightened public policy.—Colonel Steven M. Kleinman, U.S. Air Force (Retired), Career human intelligence officer

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