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MCSA Windows Server 2012 Complete Study Guide: Exams 70-410, 70-411, 70-412, and 70-417

ISBN: 978-1-118-54407-5
984 pages
July 2013
MCSA Windows Server 2012 Complete Study Guide: Exams 70-410, 70-411, 70-412, and 70-417 (1118544072) cover image

Prepare for the MCSA Windows Server 2012 exams with this Sybex study guide

Microsoft's new version of the MCSA certification for Windows Server 2012 requires passing three exams. This value-priced study guide includes more than 1,000 pages of quality exam-prep content, covering 100 percent of the objective domains of all three exams (as well as the Upgrade exam, 70-417). Also includes more than 500 practice questions. You also have access to three bonus exams, electronic flashcards, and videos showing how to perform the more difficult tasks. Both first-time MCSA candidates and those wishing to upgrade from Server 2008 certification will benefit from this complete test-prep guide.

  • Provides a comprehensive study guide for all three MCSA Windows Server 2012 exams: 70-410, 70-411, and 70-412, as well as the Upgrade exam: 70-417
  • Covers installing and configuring Windows Server 2012; deploying and configuring DNS service; administering Active Directory; creating and managing Group Policy Objects; and configuring server roles and features, Hyper-V, and core networking services
  • Explains basic networking concepts, DHCP, deploying and maintaining servers, configuring a network policy server infrastructure and high availability in Windows Server 2012, and much more
  • Features real-world scenarios, hands-on exercises, practice exams, electronic flashcards, and over an hour of video demonstrations
  • Covers all exam objectives

MCSA Windows Server 2012 Complete Study Guide arms you with all the information you must master to achieve MCSA certification on Windows Server 2012.

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Introduction xxxi

Assessment Test xlvii

Chapter 1 Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2012 1

Features and Advantages of Windows Server 2012 2

Planning the Windows Server 2012 Installation 4

Server Roles in Windows Server 2012 4

Migrating Roles and Features to Windows Server 2012 8

Deciding Which Windows Server 2012 Versions to Use 9

Deciding on Type of Installation 11

Installing Windows Server 2012 14

Using Windows Deployment Services 18

Configuring Remote Management 22

Windows Remote Management 22

Windows PowerShell 23

Understanding Features On Demand 27

Summary 28

Exam Essentials 29

Review Questions 30

Chapter 2 Domain Name System 33

Introducing DNS 35

The Form of an IP Address 36

Understanding Servers, Clients, and Resolvers 41

Understanding the DNS Process 42

Introducing DNS Database Zones 48

Understanding Primary Zones 49

Understanding Secondary Zones 50

Understanding Active Directory Integrated DNS 51

Understanding Stub Zones 53

GlobalName Zones 54

Zone Transfers and Replication 54

Advantages of DNS in Windows Server 2012 58

Background Zone Loading 58

Support for IPv6 Addresses 58

Support for Read-Only Domain Controllers 59

DNS Socket Pools 59

DNS Cache Locking 60

DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC) 60

DNS Devolution 61

Record Weighting 61

Netmask Ordering 61

DnsUpdateProxy Group 62

Introducing DNS Record Types 62

Start of Authority (SOA) Records 62

Name Server (NS) Records 64

Host Record 64

Alias Record 65

Pointer (PTR) Record 65

Mail Exchanger (MX) Record 66

Service (SRV) Record 66

Configuring DNS 67

Installing DNS 67

Load Balancing with Round Robin 70

Configuring a Caching-Only Server 70

Setting Zone Properties 71

Configuring Zones for Dynamic Updates 75

Delegating Zones for DNS 77

DNS Forwarding 79

Manually Creating DNS Records 79

DNS Aging and Scavenging 81

Monitoring and Troubleshooting DNS 81

Monitoring DNS with the DNS Snap-In 81

Troubleshooting DNS 84

Summary 92

Exam Essentials 93

Review Questions 95

Chapter 3 Active Directory Planning and Installation 99

Verifying the File system 101

Resilient File System (ReFS) 101

NTFS 102

Verifying Network Connectivity 106

Basic Connectivity Tests 106

Tools and Techniques for Testing Network Configuration 107

Understanding Domain and Forest Functionality 109

About the Domain Functional Level 109

About Forest Functionality 111

Planning the Domain Structure 112

Installing Active Directory 113

Adprep 113

The Installation Process 114

Verifying Active Directory Installation 124

Using Event Viewer 124

Using Active Directory Administrative Tools 126

Testing from Clients 127

Creating and Configuring Application Data Partitions 129

Creating Application Data Partitions 129

Managing Replicas 131

Removing Replicas 132

Using ntdsutil to Manage Application Data Partitions 132

Configuring DNS Integration with Active Directory 134

Summary 137

Exam Essentials 137

Review Questions 139

Chapter 4 Administering Active Directory 143

An Overview of OUs 144

The Purpose of OUs 145

Benefits of OUs 146

Planning the OU Structure 146

Logical Grouping of Resources 146

Understanding OU Inheritance 148

Delegating Administrative Control 149

Applying Group Policies 151

Creating OUs 151

Managing OUs 155

Moving, Deleting, and Renaming OUs 156

Administering Properties of OUs 157

Delegating Control of OUs 159

Troubleshooting OUs 163

Creating and Managing Active Directory Objects 163

Overview of Active Directory Objects 163

Managing Object Properties 171

Understanding Groups 174

Filtering and Advanced Active Directory Features 176

Moving, Renaming, and Deleting Active Directory Objects 177

Resetting an Existing Computer Account 179

Publishing Active Directory Objects 179

Making Active Directory Objects Available to Users 180

Publishing Printers 180

Publishing Shared Folders 182

Querying Active Directory 183

Using the Active Directory Administrative Center 184

Using the Command Prompt for Active Directory Configuration 185

Summary 187

Exam Essentials 187

Review Questions 189

Chapter 5 Managing Group Policy Objects 193

Introducing Group Policy 195

Understanding Group Policy Settings 196

The Security Settings Section of the GPO 199

Group Policy Objects 200

Group Policy Inheritance 201

Planning a Group Policy Strategy 202

Implementing Group Policy 203

Creating GPOs 203

Linking Existing GPOs to Active Directory 207

Managing Group Policy 207

Managing GPOs 207

Security Filtering of a Group Policy 209

Delegating Administrative Control of GPOs 211

Controlling Inheritance and Filtering Group Policy 212

Assigning Script Policies 214

Understanding the Loopback Policy 215

Managing Network Configuration 216

Automatically Enrolling User and Computer Certificates in Group Policy 217

Redirecting Folders 219

Managing GPOs with Windows PowerShell Group Policy Cmdlets 221

Deploying Software through a GPO 222

The Software Management Life Cycle 223

The Windows Installer 224

Deploying Applications 228

Implementing Software Deployment 229

Preparing for Software Deployment 230

Software Restriction Policies 231

Using AppLocker 231

Group Policy Slow Link Detection 231

Publishing and Assigning Applications 232

Applying Software Updates 233

Verifying Software Installation 234

Configuring Automatic Updates in Group Policy 235

Configuring Software Deployment Settings 236

The Software Installation Properties Dialog Box 236

Removing Programs 239

Microsoft Windows Installer Settings 241

Troubleshooting Group Policies 242

RSoP in Logging Mode 243

RSoP in Planning Mode 246

Using the gpresult.exe Command 247

Summary 248

Exam Essentials 249

Review Questions 251

Chapter 6 Configuring Active Directory Infrastructure 255

Overview of Network Planning 256

The Three Types of Networks 257

Exploring Network Constraints 257

Overview of Active Directory Replication and Sites 258

Replicating Active Directory 259

Understanding Active Directory Site Concepts 259

Understanding Distributed File System Replication 263

Implementing Sites and Subnets 264

Creating Sites 266

Creating Subnets 268

Configuring Sites 270

Configuring Replication 271

Intrasite Replication 272

Intersite Replication 272

Configuring Server Topology 279

Using Universal Group Membership Caching 283

Monitoring and Troubleshooting Active Directory Replication 284

About System Monitor 284

Troubleshooting Replication 284

Reasons for Creating Multiple Domains 287

Reasons for Using Multiple Domains 287

Drawbacks of Multiple Domains 289

Creating Domain Trees and Forests 290

Planning Trees and Forests 290

The Promotion Process 294

Creating a Domain Tree 294

Joining a New Domain Tree to a Forest 300

Adding Additional Domain Controllers 300

Demoting a Domain Controller 301

Managing Multiple Domains 303

Managing Single-Master Operations 303

Forest Operations Masters 303

Domain Operations Masters 304

Assigning Single-Master Roles 304

Managing Trusts 305

Managing UPN Suffixes 310

Managing Global Catalog Servers 310

Managing Universal Group Membership Caching 312

Summary 313

Exam Essentials 314

Review Questions 317

Chapter 7 Configuring Active Directory Server Roles 321

Understanding Server Manager 323

Configuring Active Directory Certificate Services 324

Installing Active Directory Certificate Services 326

Enrolling User and Computer Certificates 333

Certificate Templates 335

Revoking Certificates 337

Configuring Additional CA Server Settings 340

What’s New in Windows Server 2012? 342

Understanding Active Directory Domain Services 342

Security Features Available for Domain Services 342

Features of Windows Server 2012 344

Active Directory Federation Services 346

Installing AD FS 346

Configuring AD FS 349

Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services 350

Installing AD LDS 350

Configuring AD LDS 351

Installing AD LDS on Server Core 354

Active Directory Rights Management Services 355

AD RMS Templates 360

Summary 360

Exam Essentials 361

Review Questions 362

Chapter 8 Using Virtualization in Windows Server 2012 365

Hyper-V Overview 367

What Is Virtualization? 367

Hyper-V Features 368

Hyper-V Architecture 370

Hyper-V Requirements 372

Hyper-V Installation and Configuration 373

Install the Hyper-V Role 373

Hyper-V in Server Manager 375

Using Hyper-V Manager 376

Configure Hyper-V Settings 377

Manage Virtual Switches 378

Managing Virtual Hard Disks 381

Configuring Virtual Machines 385

Creating and Managing Virtual Machines 385

Back Up and Restore Virtual Machines 392

Using Physical-to-Virtual (P2V) Conversion 397

Using Virtual-to-Virtual (V2V) Conversion 398

Summary 399

Exam Essentials 399

Review Questions 401

Chapter 9 Configuring TCP/IP 403

Understanding TCP/IP 404

Details of the TCP/IP Model 404

How TCP/IP Layers Communicate 405

Understanding Port Numbers 406

Understanding IP Addressing 407

The Hierarchical IP Addressing Scheme 407

Understanding Network Classes 409

Subnetting a Network 412

Implementing Subnetting 413

An Easier Way to Apply Subnetting 420

Applying Subnetting the Traditional Way 423

Working with Classless Inter-Domain Routing 431

Understanding IPv6 434

IPv6 History and Need 435

New and Improved IPv6 Concepts 435

IPv6 Addressing Concepts 438

IPv6 Integration/Migration 443

Understanding IP Address Management (IPAM) 447

Summary 452

Exam Essentials 452

Review Questions 453

Chapter 10 Managing DHCP 457

Overview of DHCP 458

Introducing the DORA Process 459

Advantages and Disadvantages of DHCP 460

Ipconfig Lease Options 461

Understanding Scope Details 462

Installing and Authorizing DHCP 464

Installing DHCP 464

Introducing the DHCP Snap-In 467

Authorizing DHCP for Active Directory 468

Creating and Managing DHCP Scopes 471

Creating a New Scope in IPv4 471

Creating a New Scope in IPv6 479

Changing Scope Properties (IPv4 and IPv6) 483

Changing Server Properties 484

Managing Reservations and Exclusions 487

Setting Scope Options for IPv4 490

Activating and Deactivating Scopes 493

Creating a Superscope for IPv4 493

Creating IPv4 Multicast Scopes 494

Integrating Dynamic DNS and IPv4 DHCP 497

Using Multiple DHCP Servers 499

Working with the DHCP Database Files 500

Summary 501

Exam Essentials 502

Review Questions 503

Chapter 11 Managing and Maintaining Servers 507

Configuring Windows Server Update Services 509

Windows Update 510

Windows Automatic Updates 511

Using Windows Server Update Services 512

Overview of Windows Server 2012 Performance Monitoring 524

Using Windows Server 2012 Performance Tools 526

Introducing Performance Monitor 527

Using Other Performance-Monitoring Tools 536

Summary 549

Exam Essentials 550

Review Questions 551

Chapter 12 Configuring Network Access 555

Understanding Routing 556

What Routing Does 556

How Routing Works 557

Routing in Windows Server 2012 567

Installing RRAS 568

Configuring IP Routing 573

Creating and Managing Interfaces 573

Setting IP Routing Properties 587

Managing Routing Protocols 589

Managing Static Routes 590

Configuring TCP/IP Packet Filters 592

Configuring VPN Packet Filters 595

PPTP Packet Filters 595

L2TP Packet Filters 597

Managing IP Routing 597

Using the routeprint Command 598

Troubleshooting IP Routing 598

Troubleshooting Example 599

Summary 601

Exam Essentials 601

Review Questions 603

Chapter 13 Understanding Security 607

Active Directory Security Overview 609

Understanding Security Principals 609

Managing Security and Permissions 619

Using ACLs and ACEs 620

Implementing Active Directory Security 622

Using User Templates 624

Delegating Control of Users and Groups 625

Understanding Dynamic Access Control 627

Using Group Policy for Security 627

Fine-Grained Password Policies 630

Understanding Smart Card Authentication 633

Preparing a Smart Card Certificate Enrollment Station 633

Configuring Group Policy Settings for Smart Cards 634

Understanding Security Configuration and Analysis Tools 635

Using the Security Configuration and Analysis Utility 635

Understanding the secedit.exe Command 636

Implementing an Audit Policy 637

Overview of Auditing 638

Implementing Auditing 638

Viewing Auditing Information 640

Using the Auditpol.exe Command 640

What’s New in Windows Server 2012 Auditing 641

Summary 642

Exam Essentials 643

Review Questions 644

Chapter 14 Managing File and Print Services 647

Understanding File Servers 649

Configuring File Servers 650

Sharing Folders 650

Making Active Directory Objects Available to Users 651

Configuring Offline Folders 653

Volume Shadow Copy Services (VSS) 656

Understanding Permissions 656

Share and Storage Management Console 663

Understanding File Server Resource Manager (FSRM) 664

Using BitLocker Drive Encryption 666

What’s New in BitLocker? 667

Windows 7 & 2008 R2 vs. Windows 8 & 2012 668

Understanding BranchCache 671

Distributed Cache Mode Requirements 672

Hosted Mode Requirements 674

BranchCache and PowerShell 676

What’s New in Windows Server 2012 BranchCache? 677

Configuring DirectAccess 678

DirectAccess vs. VPNs 678

Understanding How DirectAccess Works 679

Knowing the DirectAccess Infrastructure Requirements 679

Configuring Disk Quotas 680

Configuring Distributed File System 682

Advantages of DFS 683

Types of DFS 683

Remote Differential Compression (RDC) 685

Understanding Printing 686

Creating and Publishing Printers 686

Configuring Printers 688

Migrating Print Servers 693

Easy Print Driver 693

Summary 693

Exam Essentials 694

Review Questions 695

Chapter 15 Managing Remote Access Services 699

Overview of Dial-Up Networking 700

What DUN Does 701

How DUN Works 701

Overview of Virtual Private Networks 705

What VPNs Do 705

VPNs and Windows Server 2012 706

How VPNs Work 706

Configuring Your Remote Access Server 710

Configuring PPP Options 710

Installing a VPN 714

How VPN Works 714

Enabling RRAS as a VPN 715

Configuring a VPN 715

Configuring VPN Ports 715

Troubleshooting VPNs 716

Managing Your Remote Access Server 718

Managing Remote Users with a RADIUS Server 718

Monitoring Overall Activity 719

Controlling Remote Access Logging 719

Reviewing the Remote Access Event Log 722

Monitoring Ports and Port Activity 722

Configuring a RAS or VPN Client 723

The General Tab 724

The Options Tab 725

The Security Tab 726

The Networking Tab 729

The Sharing Tab 730

Overview of Wireless Access 730

Configuring Wireless Access 731

Remote Access Security 732

User Authentication 733

Connection Security 734

Access Control 735

Configuring User Access 736

Setting Up User Profiles 736

Using Network Access Policies 738

Using Remote Access Profiles 744

Setting Up a VPN Network Access Policy 749

Configuring Security 751

Controlling Server Security 751

Configuring Network Access Protection 754

Summary 755

Exam Essentials 755

Review Questions 757

Chapter 16 Configuring High Availability in Windows Server 2012 761

Components of High Availability 762

Achieving High Availability 763

High Availability Foundation 764

Achieving High Availability with Failover Clustering 765

Failover Clustering Requirements 767

Cluster Quorum 768

Validating a Cluster Configuration 770

Creating a Cluster 775

Clustered Application Settings 779

Resource Properties 783

Windows Server 2012 Clustering Features 786

Achieving High Availability with Network Load Balancing 787

How Does Network Load Balancing Work? 787

Creating an NLB Cluster 788

Modifying Cluster Properties 789

Managing NLB Clusters 790

NIC Teaming 791

Summary 791

Exam Essentials 791

Review Questions 792

Chapter 17 Configuring File and Storage Services 795

Storage in Windows Server 2012 796

Initializing Disks 796

Working with Basic and Dynamic Disks 797

Working with Volume Sets 799

Redundant Array of Independent Disks 800

Mount Points 804

Microsoft MPIO 805

iSCSI 808

Internet Storage Name Service 810

Fibre Channel 813

Network Attached Storage 814

Virtual Disk Service 814

Configuring Windows Firewall Options 816

Summary 825

Exam Essentials 825

Review Questions 826

Chapter 18 Implementing Disaster Recovery 829

Protecting the System 830

Backup and Recovery of Active Directory 831

Overview of the Windows Server 2012 Backup Utility 833

Setting Up an Active Directory Backup 837

Restoring Active Directory 841

Active Directory Recycle Bin 842

Restartable Active Directory 843

Offline Maintenance 843

Monitoring Replication 845

Using the ADSI Editor 846

Wbadmin Command Line Utility 846

Understanding Shadow Copies 847

VssAdmin Command 849

Data Protection Manager 850

Using Advanced Boot Options 850

Starting in Safe Mode 851

Enabling Boot Logging 852

Using Other Advanced Boot Options Menu Modes 854

Windows Recovery Environment 855

Using the Startup Repair Tool 856

Summary 857

Exam Essentials 857

Review Questions 858

Appendix A Answers to Review Questions 861

Chapter 1: Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2012 862

Chapter 2: Domain Name System 862

Chapter 3: Active Directory Planning and Installation 863

Chapter 4: Administering Active Directory 864

Chapter 5: Managing Group Policy Objects 865

Chapter 6: Configuring Active Directory Infrastructure 866

Chapter 7: Configuring Active Directory Server Roles 867

Chapter 8: Using Virtualization in Windows Server 2012 868

Chapter 9: Configuring TCP/IP 869

Chapter 10: Managing DHCP 871

Chapter 11: Managing and Maintaining Servers 873

Chapter 12: Configuring Network Access 874

Chapter 13: Understanding Security 875

Chapter 14: Managing File and Print Services 876

Chapter 15: Managing Remote Access Services 877

Chapter 16: Configuring High Availability in Windows Server 2012 878

Chapter 17: Configuring File and Storage Services 879

Chapter 18: Implementing Disaster Recovery 880

Appendix B About the Additional Study Tools 881

Additional Study Tools 882

Sybex Test Engine 882

Electronic Flashcards 882

Videos 882

PDF of Glossary of Terms 882

Adobe Reader 883

System Requirements 883

Using the Study Tools 883

Troubleshooting 883

Customer Care 884

Index 885

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William Panek, MCT, MCSE, is founder of Stellacon Corporation, a Microsoft Certified Gold Partner and a Certified Learning Solutions Provider, and leading training provider on the East Coast. He has written numerous Microsoft certification books, including MCTS: Microsoft Windows 7 Configuration Study Guide, 2nd Edition; MCTS: Windows Server 2008 Active Directory Configuration Study Guide; MCTS: Windows Server Network Infrastructure Configuration Study Guide; and MCTS: Windows Server 2008 R2 Complete Study Guide, all from Sybex.

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July 29, 2013
MCSA Windows Server 2012 Complete Study Guide

Using the Delegation of Control Wizard - Exercise 4.3, Publishing an application using a GPO - Exercise 5.8, Configuring GC servers and UGMC - Execises 6.10 and 6.11

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