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An Introduction to Japanese Linguistics, 3rd Edition

ISBN: 978-1-118-58430-9
480 pages
August 2013, Wiley-Blackwell
An Introduction to Japanese Linguistics, 3rd Edition (1118584309) cover image

Description

The third edition of this established textbook has been thoroughly updated and revised. It maintains its broad coverage of topics from phonetics to language variation, and increases its accessibility by incorporating a more descriptive, less theoretical approach.

  • A fully updated new edition of this successful textbook introducing students to a wide range of issues, phenomena, and terminology in Japanese linguistics
  • Includes extensive revisions to the chapters on phonetics, syntax and phonology, and incorporates a less theoretical, more descriptive approach
  • Features the author’s own data, examples and theoretical analyses throughout
  • Offers an original approach by discussing first and/or second language acquisition within each chapter
  • Includes exercises exploring descriptive and theoretical issues and reading lists which introduce students to the research literature, both of which have been updated in this new edition
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Table of Contents

Preface to the Third Edition xi

Acknowledgments xiv

1 Introduction 1

Suggested Readings 4

2 Phonetics 5

1 Phonetic Inventory 7

1.1 Consonants 8

1.1.1 Stops 8

1.1.2 Fricatives 10

1.1.3 Affricates 12

1.1.4 Liquids 12

1.1.5 Glides 13

1.1.6 Nasals 14

1.1.7 Further Notes on Consonants 18

1.2 Vowels 22

2 Suprasegmental Feature – Accent 27

3 Acquisition Issues 33

Notes 35

Suggested Readings 36

Exercises 37

3 Phonology 39

1 Phonological Rules in Japanese 40

1.1 Devoicing of High Vowels 40

1.2 Nasal Assimilation 44

1.3 Alveolar Alternations 47

1.4 [h]/[ɸ]/[ç] Alternations 51

1.5 Digression on the Phoneme Status of [ts, è, š, ǰ, ɸ, ç] 52

1.6 Rule Ordering and the Nature of Rule Statement 54

2 Sequential Voicing – “Rendaku” 56

3 Mora vs. Syllable 65

3.1 Speech Errors 68

3.1.1 English 68

3.1.2 Japanese 70

3.2 Language Games: “Babibu” Language 72

3.3 Syllable-Based Phenomena 74

4 Length Requirements 75

5 Loanwords 81

6 Accentuation in Japanese 85

6.1 Compound Accentuation 86

6.1.1 Accentuation of Long Nominal Compounds 87

6.1.2 Accentuation of Short Nominal Compounds 91

6.1.3 Accentuation of Superlong Nominal Compounds 95

6.2 Accentual Variation among Endings 96

6.3 Accentuation of Loanwords 102

7 Mimetics – Palatalization 104

8 Acquisition Issues 109

Notes 114

Suggested Readings 118

Exercises 119

4 Morphology 125

1 Parts of Speech Categories 126

1.1 Nouns 126

1.2 Verbs 128

1.3 Adjectives 131

1.4 Adverbs 132

1.5 Postpositions 133

1.6 Case Particles 134

1.7 Adjectival Nouns 137

1.8 Verbal Nouns 140

2 Morpheme Types 142

3 Word Formation 150

3.1 Affixation 150

3.2 Compounding 152

3.3 Reduplication 154

3.4 Clipping 154

3.5 Borrowing 155

4 Issues in Japanese Morphology (1): Transitive and Intransitive Verb Pairs 157

5 Issues in Japanese Morphology (2): Nominalization 168

6 Issues in Japanese Morphology (3): Compounding 174

6.1 Background 174

6.2 N–V Compounds 179

6.3 V–V Compounds 184

6.3.1 Lexical vs. Syntactic V–V Compounds 184

6.3.2 Lexical V–V Compounds: Semantic Relations 195

6.3.3 Lexical V–V Compounds: Transitivity and Argument Structure 200

6.3.4 Transitive and Intransitive Compound

Verb Pairs 205

6.3.5 Compound Verbs and Nominalization 213

7 Acquisition Issues 214

Notes 221

Suggested Readings 223

Exercises 224

5 Syntax 229

1 Syntactic Structures 229

1.1 Syntactic Constituency 229

1.2 Phrase Structures 231

1.3 Phrase Structure Rules 234

2 Word Order and Scrambling 238

2.1 Basic Word Order 238

2.2 Scrambling Phenomenon 241

2.3 Noun Ellipsis 251

3 Reflexives 254

3.1 Zibun 255

3.2 Zibun-Zisin 263

4 Passives 265

4.1 Direct Passives 266

4.2 Indirect Passives (Adversative Passives) 269

5 Causatives 272

5.1 O-Causatives and Ni-Causatives 272

5.2 The Double-O Constraint 274

5.3 Causative Passives 279

5.4 Adversative Causatives 280

5.5 Lexical Causatives 281

6 Relative Clauses (Sentence Modifiers) 284

6.1 The Ga/No Conversion 288

6.2 Relative Clauses without Gaps 290

6.3 Internally Headed Relative Clauses 291

7 The Light Verb Construction 293

8 Acquisition Issues 295

Notes 300

Suggested Readings 302

Exercises 304

6 Semantics 309

1 Word Meaning and Sentence Meaning 310

1.1 Word/Phrase Meaning and Types of Relationships 310

1.2 Sentence Meaning 313

1.3 Metaphors and Idioms 317

1.4 Deixis 319

1.5 Mimetics 331

2 Tense and Aspect 335

2.1 Tense 335

2.2 Aspect 340

2.2.1 Grammatical Aspect 341

2.2.2 Lexical Aspect 347

2.2.3 Aspectual Verbs 361

3 Verb Semantics 370

3.1 Semantic Classes of Verbs and their Syntactic Patterns 371

3.2 Lexicalization 373

4 Pragmatics 375

4.1 Speaker’s Meaning 375

4.2 The Nature of Information 377

4.2.1 Wa vs. Ga 377

4.2.2 Interaction with Syntax and Morphology 380

4.3 Relevance of Contextual Information 384

5 Acquisition Issues 387

Notes 396

Suggested Readings 397

Exercises 399

7 Language Variation 403

1 Dialectal Variation 403

2 Styles and Levels of Speech 410

3 Gender Differences 415

4 Acquisition Issues 425

Notes 429

Suggested Readings 429

Exercises 430

Bibliography 431

Index 455

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Author Information

Natsuko Tsujimura is Chair and Professor in the Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures and Adjunct Professor in the Department of Linguistics at Indiana University. She is the editor of The Handbook of Japanese Linguistics (Wiley-Blackwell, 1999) and Japanese Linguistics: Critical Concepts (2005), and is Review Editor of the journal Language. She has published extensively on various aspects of Japanese linguistics, including phonology, syntax, semantics, and sociolinguistics.

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Reviews

"This newly-revised edition provides in-depth coverage of all areas of Japanese grammar, in an accessible style which will make it a valuable pedagogical and reference work for anyone interested in Japanese linguistics."
Peter Sells, University of York

“An impressive, judiciously revised 3rd edition with comprehensive coverage of the main areas within Japanese linguistics. Superbly suited as a textbook at both undergraduate and graduate level. Highly recommended.”
Bjarke Frellesvig, University of Oxford

“This book is an excellent invitation to Japanese Linguistics for anyone interested in the language. It covers a wide range of topics from phonetics to dialectal variation and presents a comprehensive picture of what the language is like. The insightful discussion in each chapter provides students of Japanese and linguistics with many good research topics to investigate further.”
Mamoru Saito, Nanzan University

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