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Climates, Landscapes, and Civilizations

Liviu Giosan (Editor), Dorian Q. Fuller (Editor), Kathleen Nicoll (Editor), Rowan K. Flad (Editor), Peter D. Clift (Editor)
ISBN: 978-1-118-70443-1
226 pages
May 2013, American Geophysical Union
Climates, Landscapes, and Civilizations (1118704436) cover image

Description

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 198.

Climates, Landscapes, and Civilizations
brings together a collection of studies on the history of complex interrelationships between humans and their environment by integrating Earth science with archeology and anthropology. At a time when climate change, overpopulation, and scarcity of resources are increasingly affecting our ways of life, the lessons of the past provide multiple reference frames that are valuable for informing our future decisions and action plans. Volume highlights include discussions of multiple connotations of the Anthropocene, landscapes as a link between climate and humans, synoptic approaches to explore large-scale cultural patterns, regional studies for contextualizing cultural complexity, and environmental determinism and social theory. Straddling the fields of Earth sciences, anthropology, and archaeology and presenting research from across several continents, Climates, Landscapes, and Civilizations will appeal to a wide readership among scientists, scholars, and the public at large.
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Table of Contents

Preface
Liviu Giosan, Dorian Q. Fuller, Kathleen Nicoll, Rowan K. Flad, and Peter D. Clift vii

Bridging a Disciplinary Gap
William F. Ruddiman 1

Section I: Americas

Arguments and Evidence Against a Younger Dryas Impact Event
M. Boslough, K. Nicoll, V. Holliday, T. L. Daulton, D. Meltzer, N. Pinter, A. C. Scott, T. Surovell, P. Claeys, J. Gill, F. Paquay, J. Marlon, P. Bartlein, C. Whitlock, D. Grayson, and A. J. T. Jull 13

Environment and Agency in the Ancient Maya Collapse
James J. Aimers 27

Rainfall Variability and the Rise and Collapse of the Mississippian Chiefdoms: Evidence From a DeSoto Caverns Stalagmite
Paul Aharon, David Aldridge, and John Hellstrom 35

Building Resilience in Island Communities: A Paleotempestological Perspective
Jago Cooper 43

Recent Seasonal Variations in Arid Landscape Cover and Aeolian Sand Mobility, Navajo Nation, Southwestern United States
Amy E. Draut, Margaret Hiza Redsteer, and Lee Amoroso 51

Section II: Asia

Utilization of Distal Tephra Records for Understanding Climatic and Environmental Consequences of the Youngest Toba Tuff
Emma Gatti and Clive Oppenheimer 63

An Abrupt Shift in the Indian Monsoon 4000 Years Ago
M. Berkelhammer, A. Sinha, L. Stott, H. Cheng, F. S. R. Pausata, and K. Yoshimura 75

Late Holocene Drought Pattern Over West Asia
Michael Staubwasser 89

Geomorphological Constraints on the Ghaggar River Regime During the Mature Harappan Period
Hideaki Maemoku, Yorinao Shitaoka, Tsuneto Nagatomo, and Hiroshi Yagi 97

A Simulation of the Neolithic Transition in the Indus Valley
Carsten Lemmen and Aurangzeb Khan 107

Mid-to-Late Holocene Agricultural System Transformations in the Northern Fertile Crescent: A Review of the Archaeobotanical, Geoarchaeological, and Philological Evidence
Simone Riehl, Konstantin Pustovoytov, Aron Dornauer, and Walther Sallaberger 115

Late Holocene Evolution of the Fuzhou Basin (Fujian, China) and the Spread of Rice Farming
Barry V. Rolett 137

Climate-Induced Changes in Population Dynamics of Siberian Scythians (700–250 B.C.)
Irina P. Panyushkina 145

Section III: Africa

Geoarchaeological Perspectives on Holocene Climate Change as a Civilizing Factor in the Egyptian Sahara
Kathleen Nicoll 157

Heavy Rainfalls in a Desert(ed) City: A Climate-Archaeological Case Study From Sudan
Jonas Berking, Janina Körper, Sebastian Wagner, Ulrich Cubasch, and Brigitta Schütt 163

Section IV: Europe

The Influence of Transgressive Paleogeography on the Development and Decline of Cardium Pottery Culture (Mediterranean Neolithic)
A. Amorosi and A. Morelli 171

A Dynamic Human Socioecology of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Ulster
Tina Thurston and Gill Plunkett 177

Section V: New Approaches and Discussions

Influences of Active Tectonism on Human Development: A Review and Neolithic Example
Eric R. Force and Bruce G. McFadgen 195

Irragric Anthrosols—Artifacts of Human Adaptation to Arid Conditions: Examples From the High Himalaya and the Coastal Desert of Peru
J. Baade 203

Hunter-Gatherers, Agriculturalists, and Climate: Insights From a Cross-Disciplinary Review
Daniel M. Cadzow 209

AGU Category Index 217

Index 219

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