Parametricism 2.0: Rethinking Architecture's Agenda for the 21st Century AD
Parametricism is an avant-garde architecture and design movement that has been growing and maturing over the last 15 years, emerging as a remarkable global force. The tendency started in architecture but now encompasses all design disciplines, from urban design to fashion. In architecture, the style has an international following and is currently progressing beyond its experimental roots to make an impact on a broader scale, with practices like Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA) winning and completing large-scale architectural projects worldwide. Parametricism implies that all elements and aspects of an architectural composition or product are parametrically malleable; and the style owes its original, unmistakable physiognomy to its unprecedented use of computational design tools and fabrication methods. All design parameters are conceived as variables that allow the design to vary and adapt to the diverse, complex and dynamic requirements of contemporary society. Although Parametricism has been talked about and hotly debated for a number of years, so far there has been no publication dedicated to Parametricism. The issue is guest-edited by Patrik Schumacher, partner at ZHA, and one of the world’s most highly renowned advocates of Parametricism.
Contributors: Philippe Block, Shajay Bhooshan, Mark Burry, Mario Carpo, Manuel DeLanda, John Frazer, Mark Foster Gage, Enriqueta Llabres and Eduardo Rico, Achim Menges, Theo Spyropoulos, Robert Stuart-Smith, Philip F Yuan.
Featured architects and designers: Arup, MARC FORNES/THEVERYMANY, Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA) and Ross Lovegrove.
About the Guest-Editor 06
Introduction Parametricism 2.0: Gearing Up to Impact the Global Built Environment 08
Parametric Computation: History and Future 18
Parametric Notations: The Birth of the Non-Standard 24
Antoni Gaudí and Frei Otto: Essential Precursors to the Parametricism Manifesto 30
Complexity: Constructing Frameworks for Human–Machine Ecologies 36
Upgrading Computational Design 44
Behavioural Production: Autonomous Swarm-Constructed Architecture 54
The Art of the Prototypical 60
Parametricism’s Structural Congeniality 68
Computational Material Culture 76
Relational Urban Models: Parameters, Values and Tacit Forms of Algorithms 84
Enriqueta Llabres and Eduardo Rico
Parametric Regionalism 92
‘Super-Natural’Parametricism in Product Design 100
Advancing Social Functionality Via Agent-Based Parametric Semiology 108
Hegemonic Parametricism Delivers a Market-Based Urban Order 114
Parametrising the Social 124
Counterpoint: A Hospice for Parametricism 128
Mark Foster Gage