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Nanocomposites: In Situ Synthesis of Polymer-Embedded Nanostructures

ISBN: 978-1-118-74270-9
246 pages
December 2013
Nanocomposites: In Situ Synthesis of Polymer-Embedded Nanostructures (1118742702) cover image

Description

A Step-by-step guide to the synthesis and characterization of metal-polymer nanocomposites

Polymer nanocomposites, polymers that are reinforced with nano-sized particles, provide enhanced mechanical, thermal, electrical, and barrier properties. Continued research and development of new polymer nanocomposites promises to provide enhanced materials to a broad range of industries, such as plastics, aerospace, automotive, electronics, packaging, and biomedical devices. Structured as a practical laboratory manual, this book enables readers to expertly synthesize and characterize metal-polymer nanocomposites by clearly setting forth the principles and techniques.

Nanocomposites: In Situ Synthesis of Polymer-Embedded Nanostructures features contributions from an international team of materials science and nanotechnology experts. Chapters reflect the authors' critical review of the literature as well as their own laboratory experience working with polymer nanocomposites. The book begins with a detailed introduction to the science, properties, and applications of metal-polymer nanocomposites. Next, it covers such topics as:

  • Morphological and topological concepts
  • Phase separation and nanoparticle aggregation
  • Methods for the synthesis of nanocomposites
  • Morphological control
  • Characterization techniques and data analysis methods
  • Toxicity considerations

High-resolution images of metal nanoparticles, created by transmission electron microscopy, are provided throughout the book. There are also plenty of process schemes and detailed drawings, helping readers better understand how to synthesize, characterize, and use these composite materials. A bibliography at the end of each chapter provides a gateway to original research papers and reviews in the field.

With its focus on the practical steps of synthesis and characterization, Nanocomposites: In Situ Synthesis of Polymer-Embedded Nanostructures is recommended for both students and practitioners in nanotechnology, polymer science, and materials science and engineering.

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Table of Contents

Preface vii

Contributors xiii

1 Metal-polymer nanocomposites by supercritical fluid processing 1
T. Hasell

2 In Situ Synthesis of Polymer-Embedded Nanostructures 45
W. R. Caseri

3 Preparation and characterization of metal–polymer nanocomposites 73
L. Nicolais and G. Carotenuto

4 Macromolecular metal carboxylates as precursors of metallopolymer nanocomposites 97
G. I. Dzhardimalieva and A. D. Pomogailo

5 In-Situ Microwave-Assisted Fabrication of Polymeric Nanocomposites 115
H. SadAbadi, S. Badilescu, M. Packirisamy, and R. Wüthrich

6 Chemistry Inside a Polymer Thin Film: In Situ Soft Chemical Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles
and Applications 129
E. Hariprasad and T. P. Radhakrishnan

7 Photoinduced generation of noble metal nanoparticles into polymer matrices and methods
for the characterization of the derived nanocomposite films 145
A. Pucci and G. Ruggeri

8 Intermatrix synthesis and characterization of polymer-stabilized functional metal and metal
oxide nanoparticles 165
A. Alonso, G.-L. Davies, A. Satti, J. Macanás, Y.K. Gun’ko, M. Muñoz, and D.N. Muraviev

9 Preparation and characterization of antimicrobial silver/polystyrene nanocomposites 195
G. Carotenuto, M. Palomba, L. Cristino, M.A. Di Grazia, S. De Nicola, and F. Nicolais

10 N anomaterial characterization by X-ray scattering techniques 209
C. Giannini, D. Siliqi, and D. Altamura

Index 223

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Author Information

LUIGI NICOLAIS, PhD, is a Professor in the Department of Materials Engineering and Production at the University of Naples Federico II. He is an editorial board member of several journals, including Polymer Composites, Composite Science and Technology, Polymer News, Journal of Materials Science, and Journal of Applied Polymer Science.

GIANFRANCO CAROTENUTO, PhD, is a researcher in the Institute of Composite Materials Technology at the National Research Council in Naples. Dr. Carotenuto contributes a special section on nanostructured composites to Polymer News and is also an editorial board member of the journal. He holds ten patents.

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