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The Codes Guidebook for Interiors, 6th Edition

ISBN: 978-1-118-80936-5
608 pages
September 2014
The Codes Guidebook for Interiors, 6th Edition (111880936X) cover image

The Interactive Resource Center is an online learning environment where instructors and students can access the tools they need to make efficient use of their time, while reinforcing and assessing their understanding of key concepts for successful understanding of the course. An access card with redemption code for the online Interactive Resource Center is included with all new, print copies or can be purchased separately.

(***If you rent or purchase a used book with an access code, the access code may have been redeemed previously and you may have to purchase a new access code (ISBN: 9781118990179).

The online Interactive Resource Center contains resources tied to the book, such as:

  • Interactive Forms and Checklists
  • Downloadable Bibliography
  • Flashcards by chapter for focused learning

Get up to speed on the latest codes with the complete reference for interiors.

The Codes Guidebook for Interiors, Sixth Edition
is the standards reference of choice for designers and architects, and the only guide devoted exclusively to codes applicable to interiors. With jargon-free explanations of all standards and regulations of concern to designers and architects, the book takes readers step-by-step through the codes relevant to each stage in the design process. The updated sixth edition features the latest information on fire codes, performance codes, building and finish standards, energy codes, and accessibility regulations, plus enhanced illustrations that clearly demonstrate how codes apply in real-life scenarios.

Interior designers, architects, and facility managers need a basic understanding of the various codes involved with building interiors. These codes are updated on a continuous basis, and professionals must stay on top of new requirements and upcoming codes processes. The Codes Guidebook for Interiors is a complete reference, organized by stage for easy navigation, and comprehensive enough for use as a review for the NCIDQ and ARE exams. The sixth edition contains the most recent developments in interior codes and regulations, including:

  • 2012 ICC codes, including the IBC, and ICC International Green Construction Code
  • Coverage of changes to ADA standards and ICC/ASI accessibility requirements
  • New standards, terminology, and federal regulations
  • Updated information on sustainability as it relates to codes and regulations

 Having all applicable codes in a single resource saves hours of research time, and can dramatically reduce the potential for costly planning oversights. Whether renovation or new construction, small or large, codes apply to every project. The Codes Guidebook for Interiors provides designers with the comprehensive information they need to stay up-to-date.

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INSET INDEX XI

PREFACE XIII

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS XVII

INTRODUCTION: HOW TO USE THIS BOOK 1

Definitions 2

Using Codes in the Design Process 3

Organization of the Book 5

Available Codes and Standards 6

Prescriptive and Performance 7

Accessibility Regulations 8

Sustainability Requirements 9

Figures in the Book 10

Getting Started 10

Minimum Requirements 11

CHAPTER 1: ABOUT THE CODES 13

A Brief History 14

Code Publications 15

Federal Regulations 35

Standards Organizations 43

State and Local Codes 53

Interior Codes Checklist 54

CHAPTER 2: OCCUPANCY CLASSIFICATIONS AND LOADS 57

Understanding Occupancy Classifications 58

Comparing the Codes 61

Description of Occupancies 63

New versus Existing Occupancies 83

More Than One Occupancy Type 86

Accessibility Requirements 95

Determining Occupant Loads 99

Using the Occupant Load 110

Checklist 111

CHAPTER 3: CONSTRUCTION TYPES AND BUILDING SIZES 115

Understanding Construction Types 116

Comparing the Codes 119

Combustible versus Noncombustible 120

Determining Construction Types 122

Sustainability Considerations 129

Understanding Building Height and Area 131

Height and Area Limitations 136

CHAPTER 4: MEANS OF EGRESS 139

Comparing the Codes 140

Means of Egress Components 142

Exit Accesses 147

Exits 168

Areas of Refuge 174

Exit Discharges 178

Means of Egress Capacity 180

Arrangement of Exits 194

Signage 205

Emergency Lighting and Communication 209

Checklist 210

CHAPTER 5: FIRE AND SMOKE RESISTANT ASSEMBLIES 215

Comparing the Codes 217

Compartmentation in a Building 220

Fire Walls 221

Fire Barriers, Horizontal Assemblies, and Fire Partitions 222

Smoke Barriers and Smoke Partitions 241

Opening Protectives 244

Through-Penetration Protectives 257

Test Ratings 263

Using Rated Materials and Assemblies 265

Sustainability Considerations 269

Checklist 270

CHAPTER 6: FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 275

Comparing the Codes 276

Detection Systems 279

Alarm Systems 284

Extinguishing Systems 290

Sustainability Considerations 304

Checklist 305

CHAPTER 7: PLUMBING AND MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS 309

Comparing Plumbing Codes 310

Number of Plumbing Fixtures 311

Plumbing Fixture Requirements 320

Toilet and Bathing Facilities 331

Plumbing Sustainability Considerations 348

Comparing Mechanical Codes 349

Mechanical Requirements 352

Mechanical Sustainability Considerations 359

Checklist 360

CHAPTER 8: ELECTRICAL AND COMMUNICATION REQUIREMENTS 365

Comparing Electrical Codes 366

Electrical Components and Devices 369

Grounding and Circuit Interrupters 382

Light Fixtures 386

Required Electrical Systems 391

Electrical Sustainability Considerations 394

Comparing Communication Codes 398

Communication Components and Devices 400

Types of Communication Systems 407

Communication Sustainability Considerations 415

Checklist 415

CHAPTER 9: FINISH AND FURNITURE SELECTION 419

Types of Finishes and Furnishings 420

Comparing the Codes 421

Standards and Testing 424

Determining Finish Classifications 450

Obtaining Test Results 456

Accessibility Requirements 462

Other Code Restrictions 468

Sustainability Considerations 472

Checklist 478

CHAPTER 10: CODE OFFICIALS AND THE CODE PROCESS 483

Authority Having Jurisdiction 484

Code Enforcement 488

The Code Process 490

Documentation and Liability 505

Future Technology 512

APPENDIX A: ACCESSIBILITY AND THE ADA 515

Places Requiring Accessibility 515

Original ADAAG 518

New ADA Standard 519

Level of Compliance 521

Regulation and Enforcement 524

Responsibility for Compliance 525

APPENDIX B: SUSTAINABILITY 527

Green Rating Systems 529

Sustainable Standards and Certification Programs 533

Life Cycle Assessments 537

Environmental Product Declarations 540

Additional Tools 540

APPENDIX C: EXISTING AND HISTORIC BUILDINGS 543

Existing Buildings 545

Historic Buildings 549

Sustainability Considerations 551

APPENDIX D: FAMILY RESIDENCES 553

Construction Types and Building Size 554

Means of Egress 554

Fire and Smoke Resistance 555

Fire Protection 556

Plumbing 557

Mechanical 558

Electrical and Communication 559

Finishes and Furniture 560

Accessibility Considerations 561

Sustainability Considerations 561

BIBLIOGRAPHY (BY TOPIC) 565

GLOSSARY 567

INDEX 583

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SHARON KOOMEN HARMON has more than twenty-five years’ experience in interior design and project management. Combining this with her strong interest in natural health, she now owns Life Design for Health, which helps people pursue a holistic approach to health and well-being.

KATHERINE E. KENNON, AIA, is a professional architect, educator, and code consultant. She is an adjunct professor at Watkins College of Art, Design, and Film in Nashville, TN. She also conducts continuing education seminars on design, building codes, and accessibility issues for design students and professionals.

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