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Magnetotails in the Solar System

Andreas Keiling (Editor), Caitríona Jackman (Editor), Peter Delamere (Editor)
ISBN: 978-1-118-84234-8
424 pages
February 2015, American Geophysical Union
Magnetotails in the Solar System (1118842340) cover image

Description

All magnetized planets in our solar system (Mercury, Earth, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune) interact strongly with the solar wind and possess well developed magnetotails. It is not only the strongly magnetized planets that have magnetotails. Mars and Venus have no global intrinsic magnetic field, yet they possess induced magnetotails. Comets have magnetotails that are formed by the draping of the interplanetary magnetic field. In the case of planetary  satellites (moons), the magnetotail refers to the wake region behind the satellite in the flow of either the solar wind or the magnetosphere of its parent planet. The largest magnetotail of all in our solar  system  is  the  heliotail,  the  “magnetotail” of  the heliosphere. The variety of solar wind conditions, planetary rotation rates, ionospheric conductivity, and physical dimensions provide an outstanding opportunity to extend our understanding of the influence of these factors on magnetotail processes and structures.

 Volume highlights include:

  •  Discussion on why a magnetotail is a fundamental problem of magnetospheric physics
  • Unique collection of tutorials on a large range of magnetotails in our solar system
  • In-depth reviews comparing magnetotail processes at Earth with other magnetotail structures found throughout the heliosphere

Collectively, Magnetotails in the Solar System brings together for the first time in one book a collection of tutorials and current developments addressing different types of magnetotails. As a result, this book should appeal to a broad community of space scientists, and it should also be of interest to astronomers who are looking at tail-like structures beyond our solar system.

 

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Table of Contents

Contributors vii

Preface
Andreas Keiling, Caitríona Jackman, and Peter Delamereix

Section I: Introduction

1 Magnetotail: Unsolved Fundamental Problem of Magnetospheric Physics
Vytenis M Vasyliūnas 3

Section II: Tutorials

2 Mercury’s Magnetotail
T Sundberg and J A Slavin 23

3 Magnetotails of Mars and Venus
E Dubinin and M Fraenz 43

4 Earth’s Magnetotail
Robert L McPherron 61

5 Jupiter’s Magnetotail
Norbert Krupp , Elena Kronberg , and Aikaterini Radioti 85

6 Saturn’s Magnetotail
Caitríona M Jackman 99

7 Magnetotails of Uranus and Neptune
C S Arridge 119

8 Satellite Magnetotails
Xianzhe Jia 135

9 Moon’s Plasma Wake
J S Halekas, D A Brain and M Holmström 149

10 Physics of Cometary Magnetospheres
Tamas I Gombosi 169

11 Heliotail
David J McComas 189

Section III: Specialized Topics

12 Formation of Magnetotails: Fast and Slow Rotators Compared
D J Southwood 199

13 Solar Wind Interaction with Giant Magnetospheres and Earth’s Magnetosphere
P A Delamere 217

14 Solar Wind Entry Into and Transport Within Planetary Magnetotails
Simon Wing and Jay R Johnson 235

15 Magnetic Reconnection in Different Environments: Similarities and Differences
Michael Hesse, Nicolas Aunai, Masha Kuznetsova, Seiji Zenitani, and Joachim Birn 259

16 Origin and Evolution of Plasmoids and Flux Ropes in the Magnetotails of Earth and Mars
J P Eastwood and S A Kiehas 269

17 Current Sheets Formation in Planetary Magnetotail
Antonius Otto, Min-Shiu Hsieh, and Fred Hall IV 289

18 Substorms: Plasma and Magnetic Flux Transport from Magnetic Tail into Magnetosphere
Gerhard Haerendel 307

19 Injection, Interchange, and Reconnection: Energetic Particle Observations in Saturn’s Magnetosphere
D G Mitchell, P C Brandt, J F Carbary, W S Kurth, S M Krimigis, C Paranicas, Norbert Krupp, D C Hamilton, B H Mauk, G B Hospodarsky, M K Dougherty, and W R Pryor 327

20 Radiation Belt Electron Acceleration and Role of Magnetotail
Geoffrey D Reeves 345

21 Substorm Current Wedge at Earth and Mercury
L Kepko, K-H Glassmeier, J A Slavin, and T Sundberg 361

22 Review of Global Simulation Studies of Effect of Ionospheric Outflow on Magnetosphere-Ionosphere System Dynamics
M Wiltberger 373

Index 393

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