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E-book

Water Pollution Control

ISBN: 978-1-118-86380-0
240 pages
March 2014
Water Pollution Control (1118863801) cover image

Description

Designed to accompany the new Open University course in Environmental Monitoring and Protection, this is one of four new titles which will equip the reader with the tools to undertake Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs). Used in planning, decision-making and management, EIAs review both the theoretical principles and environmental considerations of engineering and environmental projects to help steer fundamental legislation in the right direction.

This book begins with a discussion of the basics of the hydrological cycle and a description of the natural aquatic environment including the normal composition of surface waters. Further chapters detail the sources of water pollution and the affects of water pollution including biological treatment of sewerage, sludge treatment and disposal, before addressing industrial wastewater treatment and water quality assessment.


Discover our e-book series on Environmental Monitoring and Protection, published in partnership with The Open University!
Find out more about the series editors, the titles in the series and their focus on water, noise, air and waste, and The Open University courses in Environmental Management.
Visit www.wiley.com/go/ouebookseries

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Table of Contents

Section 1: Water basics

1.1 Introduction

1.2 The hydrological cycle

1.3 The natural aquatic environment

1.4 Further SAQs

1.5 Summary

Section 2: Pollution of the aquatic environment

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Sources of pollution

2.3 Summary

Section 3: The effects of pollutants on the aquatic environment

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Organic materials

3.3 Plant nutrients

3.4 Toxic pollutants

3.5 Physical pollutants

3.6 Biological pollutants

3.7 Further SAQs

3.8 Summary

Section 4: Sewage treatment

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Transporting sewage

4.3 Overview of sewage treatment

4.4 Preliminary treatment

4.5 Primary treatment

4.6 Secondary treatment

4.7 Secondary treatment of industrial effluents

4.8 Variants of the biological treatment system

4.9 Tertiary treatment

4.10 Advanced wastewater treatment

4.11 Decentralised wastewater treatment systems

4.12 Sustainable urban drainage systems

4.13 Further SAQs

4.14 Summary

Section 5: Sludge treatment and disposal

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Sludge production and sludge characteristics

5.3 Methods of treatment

5.4 Methods of reuse or disposal

5.5 Further SAQs

5.6 Summary

Section 6: Water quality tests

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Oxygen demand

6.3 Estimation of physical, chemical and microbiological components

6.4 Toxicity testing

6.5 Further SAQs

6.6 Summary

Section 7: Industrial wastewater treatment

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Trade effluent control

7.3 Summary

Section 8: River quality modelling

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Dispersion of pollutants in water

8.3 Biochemical oxygen demand

8.4 Dissolved oxygen

8.5 Nutrients and eutrophication potential

8.6 Total coliform bacteria

8.7 Summary

Glossary

References

Acknowledgements

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Author Information

Suresh T. Nesaratnam is a Senior Lecturer in environmental engineering at The Open University, where he is involved in the distance-teaching of water and wastewater treatment. He graduated with an Honours degree in Chemical Engineering from Imperial College, London and then studied for a Masters and a PhD in Biochemical Engineering at the University of Birmingham. Before joining The Open University in 1991, he worked in a large Engineering Consultancy in Malaysia; in Applied Research for the oil industry, in Kuwait; in the enforcement of pollution control regulations with the Ministry of the Environment, in Oman; and in Scotland, where his work was on water and wastewater treatment for offshore oil and gas platforms. His research interests cover water and wastewater treatment, and his most recent publication is on the 2018Optimization of activated carbon production from date pits', in the International Journal of Environmental Engineering.
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